"INTERNET LAW BOOK REVIEWS" - Provided by Rob Jerrard LLB LLM
A New Response to Youth Crime
Author: Edited by David J Smith
Publication Date: June 2010
Publisher's Title Information
Antisocial and criminal behaviour involving children and young people have been a cause of heightened public concern in England and Wales for more than a quarter of a century. It has been the subject of numerous policy paper, research studies and academic assessments as well as extensive newspaper, radio and television coverage. This has set the context for an ever expanding volume of legislation seeking to amend and improve society's official response.
Yet despite a massive injection of resources into the youth justice system the results achieved have been unimpressive, reoffending remains a persistent problem and the general public appears to have little confidence in the youth justice system. The time is ripe therefore for a new look at the problem of youth offending and government and society's response to this.
This book accompanies the Report of the Independent Commission on Youth Crime and Antisocial Behaviour which is to be published 2010. In it leading authorities in the field, from a variety of different disciplines, review youth crime and different responses to it, focussing particularly on England and Wales but also analysing for comparative purposes the nature of responses in other parts of the world, especially Canada. It will be essential reading for practitioners, policy makers, students and others with an interest in addressing one of today's most intractable social problems.
1 The need for a fresh start, David J. Smith
2 Changing patterns of youth, David J. Smith
3 Time trends in youth crime and in justice system responses, Larissa Pople and David J. Smith
4 Responses to youth crime, John Graham
5 Responses to anti-social behaviour, Larissa Pople
6 Causes of offending and anti-social behaviour, Michael Rutter
7 Preventing youth crime: evidence and opportunities, J. David Hawkins, Brandon Welsh and David Utting
8 Families and parenting, Barbara Maughan and Frances Gardner
9 Models of youth justice, Lesley McAra
10 Youth justice reform in Canada: reducing use of courts and custody without increasing youth crime, Nicholas Bala, Peter J. Carrington and Julian Roberts
11 Public opinion, politics, and the response to youth crime, Trevor Jones
12 Key reforms: principles, costs, benefits, politics, David J. Smith
The need for a fresh start (From Chapter 1)
We need a fresh start in responding to youth crime because of intractable and deep-rooted problems that current systems cannot resolve. The task of the Independent Commission on Youth Crime and Antisocial Behaviour 15 to draw up a blueprint for reform, and the purpose of this book is to provide a framework of evidence and analysis to support the work of the Commission. Evidence of the failings of the present system is not hard to find. It is far more difficult to design workable and durable reforms that will attract widespread support. Although the following chapters highlight ways in which the current arrangements in England and Wales are wasteful, ineffective, and damaging, their more important purpose is to support the effort of designing something better.
The problems are intractable because of underlying tensions - in some respects, contradictions - between different objectives. The clearest opposition is the one characterized by David Garland (1985) as the clash between punishment and welfare. Even within the youth justice system in England and Wales - and still more in the adult system - punishment and retribution essential elements, and they are leading themes of popular narratives of famous cases such as the killing of James Bulger by two ten-year-old boys in 1993. Yet punishment of young offenders conflicts with the need to help them change, with the requirement to take account of their immaturity, and with duty to promote their welfare. This tension between punishment and fare is not a contest between the needs of the offender and the rights of the tim (and by extension, of the wider public).
Punishment in fact does little help or satisfy victims: it plays to a wider audience. Equally important,
care of the young offender, more plausibly than retributive punishment, can seen as a way of reducing the chances of reoffending. But irrespective of their outcomes, punishment and welfare both retain symbolic power, and the --claims of these opposing symbols have not been reconciled within the present youth justice system, as later chapters will show.
Hate Crime - Concepts, Policy, Future Directions
Author: Edited by Neil Chakraborti
ISBN: : 978-1-84392-130-1
Publication Date: August 2010
Publisher's Title Information
Foreword by John G.D. Grieve (former Head of the Racial and Violent Crime Task Force, Metropolitan Police Service) Crime and Society Series (Series editor: Hazel Croall, Glasgow Caledonian University)
In recent years 'hate crime' has rapidly ascended political, policing and wider criminal justice agenda, and an increasing range of legislative measures have been implemented in the UK, the US and elsewhere to combat it. Yet research and writing on the subject has largely failed to keep up with these new realities, especially in the UK.
This text aims to fill this gap by examining various aspects of 'hate crime' in a predominantly British context, but situating this within the wider international criminological and policing literature on the subject. The book looks in detail at the way the police have responded to hate crime, and the policies and practice now being adopted to respond to it.
Text on increasingly high profile subject of hate crime
Focus on police and community service policies and measures to deal with the problem
UK focus but set in context of international literature on hate crime
Foreword by John G.D. Grieve, former Head of the Racial and Violent Crime Task Force, Metropolitan Police Service
1 Defining and conceptualising hate crime
2 Prejudice and hatred
3 A history of hate crime
4 Hate crime victimisation
5 Hate crime perpetrators
6 Extreme hatred
7 Legislating against hate
8 Legislating against hate: the theoretical and moral debate
9 Policing hate crime in New York and Philadelphia
10 Policing hate crime in London
11 Policing Hate Crime: problems, challenges and solutions
12 Community responses to hate crime
Rape: Challenging contemporary thinking
Author: Edited by Miranda Horvath and Jennifer Brown
Publication Date: Sept 2009
Publisher's Title Information
Rape remains one of the most controversial issues within criminal justice and receives high profile coverage internationally. Despite the many changes there have been to the law, practice and procedure in the investigation of rape allegations, and support available for victims, victims are routinely blamed for their victimization. Only a very small number of perpetrators ever face prosecution, let alone conviction.
This book aims to take stock of current thinking and research about rape and the way it is handled in practice within the criminal justice system, and to challenge some of the widely held but inaccurate beliefs about rape. It brings together leading researchers in the field from psychology, sociology and law, considering new research and presenting new data from a strong theoretical and contextual base.
The main focus of the book is on adult victims of rape, with chapters exploring such issues as rape and the media, the use of alcohol and drugs in rape, police decision making on rape cases, conviction patterns in rape trials, and interviewing victims of rape and sexual assault.
Foreword by Mary P. Koss (University of Arizona)
1 Setting the scene; Introduction to understanding rape, Miranda Horvath and Jennifer Brown (University of Surrey)
Section 1: Processes and representations
2 Rape myth acceptance: affective, behavioural, and cognitive effects of beliefs that blame the victim and exonerate the perpetrator, Gerd Bohner (University of Bielefeld), Friederike Eyssel (University of Bielefeld), Afroditi Pina (University of Kent), Frank Siebler (University of Tromsø) and Tendayi Viki (University of Kent)
3 Anger, disgust and sexual crimes, Roger Giner-Sorolla (University of Kent) and Pascale S. Russel (University of Kent at Canterbury)
4 Rape in the media, Jenny Kitzinger (Cardiff University)
5 Sexual scripts, sexual refusals and 'date rape', Hannah Frith (University of Brighton)
Section 2: Victim vulnerabilities
6 Alcohol and drugs in rape and sexual assault, Jo Lovett (London Metropolitan University) and Miranda Horvath (University of Surrey)
7 Narratives of survival: South Asian Women's experience of rape, Aisha Gill (University of Roehampton)
8 Invaded spaces and feeling dirty: Women's narratives of violation in prostitution and sexual violence, Maddy Coy (London Metropolitan University)
9 'Real' rape and 'real' rape allegations: What are the vulnerabilities of the women who report to the police? Betsy Stanko (Metropolitan Police Service) and Emma Williams (Metropolitan Police Service)
Section 3: the Criminal Justice System
10 Seeking proof or truth? Naturalistic decision making by police officers when considering rape allegations, Stephanie O'Keefe, Jennifer Brown (University of Surrey) and Evanthia Lyons (Queen's University, Belfast)
11 Police interviews of rape victims: Tensions and contradictions, Lesley McMillan and Michelle Thomas (Glasgow Caledonian University)
12 A vicious cycle? Attrition and conviction patterns in contemporary rape trials in England and Wales, Vanessa Munro (University of Nottingham) and Liz Kelly (London Metropolitan University)
13 Addressing the attitude problem in rape trials: Some proposals and methodological considerations, Barbara Krahe (University of Potsdam) and Jennifer Temkin (University of Sussex)
14 Is it real rape and do you believe her?, Jennifer Brown and Miranda Horvath (University of Surrey)
This exceptional collection of essays draws together, for the first time, the most prominent and leading academic writers in the field delivering the most comprehensive and in-depth critique of current practice, policy and research relating to the prosecution of rape. Based on a series of seminars funded by the British Psychological Society 2005-7 which led to the Sexual Offences Research Initiative, the editors' aim is to tackle the longstanding issue of why rape is so difficult to prosecute with the view to developing 'interdisciplinary engagements that may provide a stronger conceptual basis for designing successful interventions to reduce the justice gap' (p.4). Many of the authors are well known, highly respected and require no introduction, not only within the academic community but amongst criminal justice professionals and government agencies. A number have made truly significant and major constructive contributions to public policy and debate in terms of highlighting and profiling the legal problem of rape and identifying now engrained conceptual markers and impact factors such as 'real rape' stereotypifications, the 'justice gap', 'juror attitudes,' 'police cultural scepticism' etc.. In sharing not only their current research methodologies and ideas, but generally providing summative overviews of their previous research with victims, investigators, legal professionals and mock jurors, this book is more than just a collection of contemporary perspectives but an invaluable reference compendium in all senses of the word.
The book is divided into four sections and the chapters largely target the six themes of attitudes, real rape, social knowledge, attrition, methodology and practice application.
Part One, Processes and Representations, addresses the underlying social and causal attributions that create rape blameworthiness and mythology. This section starts with a comprehensive overview of the psychological research undertaken to measure Rape Myth Acceptance. Psychologists Bohner et al's opening chapter draws on scientific research to 'prove' that the prevalence of rape 'can be linked to the use of rape myths as mechanisms that neutralise or trivialise rape or sexual violence.' While such assertions hardly 'challenge contemporary thinking' - feminists have been arguing this for years, the chapter does sets the broader context and confirms the actuality and reality of Rape Myth acceptance. Giner-Sorolla and Russell offer a more informative perspective comparing anger-based sexual morality with disgust-based emotions as tropes for framing and justifying rape law, the former being more influential in liberal sexual discourses/jurisdictions where disgust is ideologically incompatible. They caution that moral disgust of human sexuality, (as with incest, homosexual rape, rape of sex workers etc,) can be a definite obstacle to prosecution as such rapes may be regarded less seriously than the more typical anger-inducing sex-negative violation of female chastity.
Kitzinger, in a very constructive and objective summary of how rape reportage in the UK and USA has been transformed by the media from the 1970s to the present day, shows clearly how such coverage can decontextualise sexual abuse highlighting continuing concerns about event driven reportage rather than issue based journalism, media fatigue and overemphasis on 'real rape' scenarios. Frith's highly insightful and practical chapter, which all engaged in supporting victims and prosecuting offenders should read, concludes Part One. She argues, convincingly, that the way in which sex is negotiated and communicated either through Sexual Script Theory - culturally prescribed norms which place responsibility on the woman to make her (non)consent clear and unequivocal, and Miscommunication Theory - the blurring of seduction and rape particularly in acquaintance rape, should be more closely examined. Her effective rationale certainly helps clarify and explain the sexual behaviour of the complainant in Bree and could assist jurors significantly in other rape cases helping them understand why victims often fail to verbally and unequivocally articulate the word 'No.'
Part Two, Victim Vulnerabilities, focuses on issues concerning victims and complainants. Lovett and Horvath integrate two research programmes conducted independently (involving two police forces in Southern England and six Sexual Assault Referral Centres in England and Wales) to contest the claim that recent increases in binge drinking among young women is a causal factor of so-called date rape. Though not analysed the implication is that high levels of intoxication should not be regarded as a causal explanation for low conviction rates. While the research revealed higher than anticipated levels of consumption of alcohol and lower levels of drug-taking than expected, victims were only 'very intoxicated' in less than 20% of cases and that the relationship between rape and alcohol is a highly complex one. For example, alcohol-related rape was not limited to young women under 20 years or 'first-date' rape scenarios; rather where both parties had consumed alcohol it was more likely that they knew each other and alcohol was used more to facilitate interaction than sexual activity. Locational and situational contexts varied too, where rapes occurred in vehicles it was more likely that the perpetrator was sober and the victim had been drinking. There are obvious links and practical parallels here with Frith's chapter which perhaps could have been made more usefully explicit.
Gill's chapter on the experiences of five Southern Asian women survivors reads like a carbon-copy of my own research on rape and rape mythology in nineteenth century England. The automatic loss of female honour or izzat simply by the fact of being raped, consequent acceptance of blame, and cultural difficulties associated with living in the same community exacerbated by the irresponsibility of male perpetrators all reflect Victorian stereotypes - except that this is now the twenty-first century. Such harrowing experiences confirm the invidious position of such survivors and why their emphasis is more on how to deal with the familial consequences than focusing on the finite detail of the disclosure that the court will expect - investigators must be sensitive to such cultural norms and indefensible social attitudes which must be castigated. Coy's interviews with a number of sex workers reveal the ambiguous and complex psychosocial relationship they have with their bodies. A significant percentage reported experiences of sexual abuse and violation further complicated by their clients' entitlement and temporary ownership of her sexual body which then became disembodied. Such women experienced disassociation of the self from the body, objectification, and lack of ownership of their body. Coy asserts that even when selling non-violent/abusive sex that sense of intrusion and disembodiment is in itself a form of harm. Stanko and Williams crunch the numbers in their survey of 677 rapes reported to the Metropolitan Police in April/May 2005 divided into 4 main categories reflecting Stanko's victim vulnerability paradigm that the victim's 'social believability' can inevitably affect her 'legal credibility' in court. 87% of the rapes reported fell into one or more of these: victim under 18 years (1 in 3), use of alcohol/drugs (1 in 3), mental health and learning difficulties, and intimate relationship with accused (24%). 30% of all the reported rapes were 'no crimed' of which a further third (72) proved to be false allegations raising considerable concerns and further work for the police to minimise such incidence because of the knock-on effect on recidivism rates. The most disadvantaged victims in terms of successful court outcomes were those with mental health/learning difficulties which begs the question why they were not charged with the specific mental disability provisions in the Sexual Offences Act. This was something the authors could have usefully probed as well as reconciling Lovett and Horvath's assertions about the role of alcohol.
Part Three addresses the Criminal Justice System starting with O'Keeffe et al's application of the Naturalistic Decision Making methodology to track the decision making process of experienced and probationary constables in the Irish Police Force. Essentially a “high stakes, dynamic and interpretative” social-decision making process the authors show how police culture and preconceived beliefs about victim credibility can shape and inform the investigative process. The model provides a better understanding of how police officers actually make decisions about genuine/false allegations primarily by 'matching' the victim's story against their perceived expectation of that hypothetically equivalent scenario. Unsurprisingly they conclude that police decision-making determines the course of the interview, it always has. Traditionally that is the police role but the challenge is how to encourage a more objective approach, especially now the CPS bear the responsibility for prosecutorial decisions, perhaps the same model could be usefully applied to their decision-making? McMillan and Thomas compare the experience of police investigators and complainants' experiences and again, unsurprisingly, found that the needs of both are paradoxical. The professional need to obtain the 'best evidence available,' i.e. a consistent, linear and highly detailed account is inevitably incompatible with the complainant's reluctance to remember and explain intimate details to a stranger - thus the more dedicated the interviewer the more negative the experience for the complainant. Video interviews can help mitigate this contradiction by reproducing an immediate narrative but there are issues with juror attitudes to non-conformity with expected stereotypical norms and with the quality of the tape. Predictably recommendations are made for more police training/resources and awareness but this has been a repeated mantra for the last two decades and more, raising further questions about whether this is really the answer.
Munro and Kelly turn our attention again to conviction patterns and their 'vicious circularity' argument demonstrating that the police 'culture of scepticism' in terms of predicting the likelihood of prosecution success in any given rape investigation often turns out to be relatively accurate but that there is a real need for understanding the broader consequences of such 'self-perpetuating and self-justifying patterns of decision-making.' In particular, as many of the other authors have highlighted, the actual distinction between the lived experience of rape and its stereotypical construct. Munro's mock juror based research now also needs to be read in light of Thomas' 2010 research for the Ministry of Justice Are Juries Fair which found that “contrary to popular belief and previous government reports, juries actually convict more often than they acquit in rape cases” (http://www.justice.gov.uk/publications/docs/are-juries-fair-research.pdf p.v) . The final chapter from Krahe and Temkin predictably challenges the current criminal justice system and policy makers to consider truly radical reforms and initiatives such as the introduction of experts to explain rape trauma and its impact in court, the abolition of jury trial in rape case, the merits of female judges and the utility of juror screening. Whilst many traditionalists would no doubt raise their hands in horror, such ideas should not be dismissed out of hand and their suggestion that further research is needed to seriously test such options should be viewed seriously. As mentioned above, police training on its own is not going to crack this nut. Krahe and Temkin have really laid down the gauntlet and articulated the next challenge for the editors and all the contributors here: to start preparations for a second volume addressing some of the issues raised, which hopefully may be available in the not too distant future.
The final 'Part' constitutes a reflective review by the editors of all the chapters in the context of the key themes alluded to throughout - real rape, vicious cycles, sexual scripts, rape myth acceptance etc . Not unsurprisingly given their considerable expertise and knowledge, the editors actually make a much better job of reviewing the text as a whole than the clumsy efforts of this reviewer. In fact it would have been much easier to have read the final chapter before starting this review, rather than leaving it till the end, but that would have been an injustice to all the authors and the editors themselves. As they rightly conclude “There is a great deal of intellectual theorising and empirical research invested within the chapters” and therefore they should be given the attention they deserve. Given the nature and extent of their expertise in the subject I at least feel some assurance in the review comments I have made but undeniably their obvious deeper engagement with the subject matter enables them to provide a considerably more informed and enhanced perspective. The volume has the hallmark of a classic academic text that is and will remain requisite reading for all students studying aspects of sexual violence and one that all involved should be immensely proud of. It also provides an excellent template of how interdisciplinary texts can be successfully amalgamated to appear relatively seamless and work successfully across a range of disciplines - here law, criminology, social sciences, media studies etc and the home subject of both editors - psychology. To all those critics of interdisciplinarity - Go read!
'This important collection of essays brings into focus issues central to the crime of rape, doing so in new and exciting ways. Adopting a variety of conceptual and methodological approaches, this group of leading European scholars collectively offers in both breath and depth, a comprehensive and scholarly examination of the obstacles confronting the processing of sexual assault cases through the criminal justice system. The book will be of value to students, researchers, practitioners, policy makers and activists. Most notably, it offers a fresh analysis that will spark and guide discussion, research and ultimately reform and change.'
- Professor Regina A. Schuller, Professor of Psychology and Graduate Program Director at York University, Toronto, Canada.
'Not for many years has such a fine and important collection of articles on the topic of rape been brought together from so many diverse perspectives. Using a wide and innovative range of methods, Understanding Rape forces us to confront the insidious myths that continue to permeate individual relationships, social and cultural norms, and criminal justice processes, myths which effectively deny justice to rape survivors. Miranda Horvath and Jennifer Brown and the contributors to this volume provide a compelling examination of the experience of rape from the perspective of survivors and bring to the fore the deeply-rooted systemic biases held by bystanders, police, prosecutors, and jurors. This book is mandatory reading for criminal justice professionals and others who respond to rape survivors in any capacity. It will challenge the complacency of all those who would have us believe that the battle for women's equality has been won.'
- Dr Holly Johnson is Associate Professor in the Department of Criminology at the University of Ottawa and author of Dangerous Domains: Violence Against Women in Canada
'This is a thoughtful and provocative collection presenting an integrated overview of key issues in the sexual assault field - a brilliant resource for students, researchers, practitioners and anyone wanting to understand why justice for rape victims continues to be so elusive. It arises from passionate debates among the leading European researchers in the field and will undoubtedly foster and inform international dialogue and developments for many years to come.'
- Professor Jan Jordan (Professor of Criminology, Victoria University of Wellington) 'This comprehensive book discusses current research on major issues of concern to feminist rape researchers. This work by European psychologists and social scientists is a welcome addition to a field that has been dominated by U.S. researchers.'
- Professor Irene Hanson Frieze (Professor of Psychology, Women's Studies and Business Administration,University of Pittsburgh; editor of Sex Roles: A Journal of Research) 'This is an excellent set of readings, sensitively edited, which add to our understanding of this difficult subject and challenge many preconceptions about it. Should be read by all the key professionals in the criminal justice system and by anyone engaged in current concerns and controversies.'
- Professor Frances Heidensohn (Editor of the British Journal of Sociology based at the London School of Economics)
Global Environmental Harm
Author: Rob White
Publishers: Willan Publishing
Publication Date: March 2010
Publisher's Title Information
Issues such as climate change, disposal of toxic waste and illegal fishing have generated increasing attention within criminological circles in recent years. This book brings together original cutting edge work that deals with global environmental harm from a wide variety of geographical and critical perspectives. It includes writers from countries such as Australia, Canada, the United States, South Africa, Japan, China, The Netherlands, Italy and the United Kingdom. The topics covered in the book are global, regional and local in nature, although in each case there are clear transnational or global dimensions.
The book explore topics that provide theoretical, methodological and substantive insights into the nature and dynamics of environmental harm, and the transference of this harm across regions, continents and globally. Specific topics include the criminal nature of global warming, an ethnographic study of pollution and consciousness of environmental harm, environmental destruction associated with huge industrial developments, chaos theory and environmental social justice, de-forestation as a global phenomenon, illegal trade in endangered species, and transference of toxicity.
The collection as a whole reinforces the importance of eco-global criminology as a dynamic paradigm for theory and action on environmental issues in the 21st century. The book features contributions from different parts of the world, each with its own unique perspective on and analysis of specific types of environmental harm. Global warming and the many environmental harms identified in this book are the vital issues of our age. Accordingly, the criminological perspectives presented herein are important both in discerning the nature and complexities of these harms and, ultimately, in forging responses to them
Introduction, Rob White
Part I: Global Problems
1 Globalisation and environmental harm, Rob White
2 Equatorial deforestation as a harmful practice and criminological issue, Tim Boekhout van Solinge
3 The global transference of toxic harms, Diane Heckenberg
4 Global warming, global crime: a green criminological perspective, Michael Lynch and Paul Stretesky
Part II: Specific Issues
5 The Canadian-Alberta Tar Sands: a case study of state-corporate environmental crime, Russell Smandych and Rodney Kueneman
6 The illegal reptile trade as a form of conservation crime: a South African criminological introspection, Joe Herbig
7 The applicability of crime prevention to problems of environmental harm: a consideration of illicit trade in endangered species, Melanie Wellsmith
8 The polluting behaviour of the multi national corporations in China, Yang Shuqin
Part III: Alternative Visions
9 The indiscriminate criminalisation of environmentally beneficial activities, Avi Brisman
10 The big grey elephants in the backyard of Huelva, Spain, Lorenzo Natali
11 Criticality of global environmental crime, disparity of harmful influence and chaos/complexity green criminology/justice, Noriyoshi Takemura
12 The ecocidal tendencies of late modernity: transnational crime, social exclusion, victims and rights, Nigel South
Situational Prevention of Organised Crime
Author: Karen Bullock, Ronald C Clarke & Nick Tilley
Publishers: Willan Publishing
Publication Date: March 2010
Publisher's Title Information
Foreword by Gloria Laycock (Jill Dando Institute, University College London) Crime Science Series (Series editor: Gloria Laycock, Jill Dando Institute, University College London)
Situational crime prevention is the art and science of reducing opportunities for crime. Despite accumulating evidence of its value in reducing many different kinds of crime - such as burglary,fraud, robbery, car theft, child sexual abuse and even terrorism - little has previously been published about its role in reducing organised crimes.
This collection of case studies, by a distinguished international group of researchers, fills this gap by documenting the application of a situational prevention approach to a variety of organised crimes. These include sex trafficking, cigarette and drug smuggling, timber theft, mortgage fraud, corruption of private professionals and public officials, and subversion of tendering procedures for construction projects. By moving the focus away from the nature of criminal organisations to the analysis of the crimes committed by these organisations, the book opens up a fresh agenda for policy and research.
The book will be of interest to those tasked with tackling organised crime problems as well as those interested in understanding the ways that organised crime problems have manifested themselves globally and how law enforcement and other agencies might seek to tackle them in the future.
Foreword by Gloria Laycock (UCL Jill Dando Institute of Crime Science)
Preface, Karen Bullock, Ronald V. Clarke and Nick Tilley
1 Introduction, Karen Bullock, Ronald V. Clarke and Nick Tilley
2 Situational crime prevention and cross-border crime, Edward R. Kleemans (Ministry of Justice, Den Haag, The Netherlands), Melvin R.J. Soudijn (Nationale Recherche, The Netherlands), Anton W. Weenink (Nationale Recherche, The Netherlands)
3 Preventing organized crime: the case of contraband cigarettes, Klaus von Lampe (John Jay College of Criminal Justice, New York)
4 Sex trafficking:a target for situational crime prevention?, James O. Finckenauer (Rutgers University, New Jersey) and Ko-lin Chin (Rutgers University, New Jersey)
5 Situational prevention of organized timber theft and related corruption, Adam Graycar (Rutgers University, New Jersey) and Marcus Felson (Rutgers University, New Jersey)
6 Situational organized crime prevention in Amsterdam: the administrative approach, Hans Nelen (Maastricht University, The Netherlands)
7 Mortgage fraud and facilitating circumstances, Barbra van Gestel (Ministry of Justice, Den Haag, The Netherlands)
8 Infiltration by Italian organised crime (Mafia, N'drangheta and Camorra) of the public construction industry, Ernesto U. Savona ( Università Cattolicadel Sacro Cuore, Milan)
9 Situational prevention against unlawful influence from organized crime, Lars Korsell (Brottsförebyggande rådet (Brå), Stockholm) and Johanna Skinnari (Brottsförebyggande rådet (Brå), Stockholm)
10 Organised crime and crime scripts: prospects for disruption, Graham Hancock (UKFIU) and Gloria Laycock (UCL Jill Dando Institute of Crime Science)
11 Policing mobile criminality: towards a situational crime prevention approach to organised crime, Stuart Kirby (Lancaster University) and Sue Penna (Lancaster University)
Sex Offenders and Preventative Detention
Author: Bernadette McSherry & Patrick Keyzer
Publishers: The Federation Press (Australia)
Distributed by Willan in the UK
Publication Date: Jan 2010
Publisher's Title Information
Criminals do a crime, get caught, serve their time and come out to go on living - except sex offenders. They come out and nobody will accept them as neighbours. They used to be able to hide but modern communications make this impossible.
What can be done? Keeping them locked up is effectively imprisonment on suspicion - one of the markers of tyranny. But how can society acknowledge revulsion, factor in safety and enable these people to live outside a prison?
McSherry and Keyzer have written a succinct book aimed at a broad audience, which crosses from criminology and politics to proposals for law reform. They base it around three case studies from Washington State, Scotland and Queensland, Australia representing the three main legislative options for managing sex offenders.
1 Three Case Studies
2 Politics of Risk & Precaution
3 Policy Issues
4 Practical Issues
Bernadette McSherry is an Australian Research Council Federation Fellow and Professor of Law at Monash University.
On first appearance this short text - just 114 pages of substantive content - might be overlooked as a pared down, 'bare-boned' student 'guide' to current practice and policy relating to the management of sex offenders. On the contrary, this is a highly readable and informative text which covers a significant range of issues and concepts in an extremely comprehensive but very concise manner - and will be of considerable interest to a wide audience including legal practitioners, law enforcers, academics, clinicians, students etc.. This is evidenced by the fact that the references and material cited constitute over 10% of the overall content providing an impressive list of international and interdisciplinary sources. The authors display a commanding knowledge of their subject and the text is an excellent exemplar of how to pull together and integrate diverse disciplinary approaches, methodologies and practical models. The book addresses the shift in law and policy from the traditional post-sex crime detention/custodial policy of 'locking up' for life, to the current trend of pre-crime identification and 'radical prevention' measures expeditiously enacted in recent years. The arguments are systematically presented in a clear, lucid and engaging manner effectively combining legal perspectives, forensic psychiatry/psychological and public policy theories and practice.
Throughout the text the authors compare and contrast three different international legal/policy responses - operationalized in Washington State (US), Queensland (Australia) and Scotland (United Kingdom) - to the problem of what to do with convicted sex offenders once they have served their sentence. The main argument, and one that all criminal justice policy makers have to grapple with, is how to manage the risk that predatory sex offenders as 'outsiders' pose to the community. In the first chapter the authors use case studies to demonstrate how, in all three jurisdictions, the law was tightened as a direct result of public outcry and concern about the ability of a notorious convicted sex offender to evade authority and continue committing offences once released. In Washington State the case of Earl Shriner who brutally raped a young boy led to the enactment of the Sexually Violent Predators Law authorising post-sentence civil detention. In Queensland, Dennis Raymond Ferguson, a serial child sex abuser was the catalyst for the Dangerous Prisoners (Sex Offenders ) Act 2003 enabling indefinite detention and increased monitoring and reporting of actual and potential sex offenders. The Scottish response focused on the case of John Cronin, differs from Ferguson and Shriner as Cronin was not a child sex abuser but managed to get a life sentence for rape reduced to just 6 years and on release committed other serious albeit non-sexual crimes resulting in a wider policy of allowing life-long restrictions on serial offenders supervised by the Risk Management Authority. Ironically none of the three offenders were subjected to the laws passed as a result of their criminal activities, primarily because of the doctrine of retrospectivity but they certainly exercised the minds of the legislators and policy makers to create an effective response
Chapter Two reviews the current theoretical trends and commentary in relation to the Precautionary Principle and 'radical prevention' raising issues about the ethics of risk assessment strategies, not only as a means of determining potential sexual criminality, but for those clinical professionals charged with providing such risk criteria lists and forensic models as the basis for forensic testimonials. The authors caution that “The 'objectification' of risk through structured clinical judgment disguises a moral condemnation of certain groups in society.” (p.39) Chapter Three focuses on comparison of the legal adjudication of challenges in the three jurisdictions concerning the legality of post-sentence preventative detention. Human rights implications, the constitutional issue of certainty for indefinite sentences and the extent to which such detention is a proportionate response to public safety are considered. More fundamental is the basic question of whether post-sentence detentions constitute a criminal punishment. In Queensland and Washington they are civil commitments and so not subject to the same type of constitutional protection that criminal sanctions are, for example in Australia proportionality only becomes relevant if detention is punitive and the courts have decided that it is not. Both Queensland and Washington impose civil detention after the original sentence is served raising further issues about double punishment and retrospectivity. Conversely, Scotland in adopting a hybrid criminal/civil Lifelong Restriction imposed at the time of sentence, has avoided such issues. (The English equivalent is Imprisonment for Public Protection, a purely criminal sanction where the court must consider a notional determinate sentence based on the seriousness of the offence and significance of future risk. Offenders must serve at least half the sentence in custody before becoming eligible for review and could end up serving longer than the maximum sentence of imprisonment for the offence convicted of).
The penultimate chapter highlights many of the very real, difficult and unforeseen practical problems that the reforms introduced to tackle sex offender risk have generated. Some are jurisdiction specific such as legislation rushed through and poorly thought out (Queensland), impact on young offenders (Scotland), refusal to release without conditions (Washington), relationship with sex offender treatment programmes (Queensland) etc.; others are evident in all three - limited availability of special detention facilities, inadequacy of treatment, rehabilitative and residential services post-release or limiting release, what constitutes admissible and quality evidence to demonstrate potential risk and the availability of mental health professionals to provide it. The final chapter offers a number of suggestions and improvements such as increasing original sentences to avoid the pitfalls of human rights considerations of post-sentence detention as well as flagging up examples of best practice within the jurisdictions, for example, Scotland's practice of accrediting risk assessors. Unsurprisingly the amount and allocation of resources is a key factor but most compelling is the authors' caution that the 'exceptional' techniques analysed in the book as a community response to an unusual high profile case should be continually tested and challenged so that they are not automatically allowed to become imbedded as the norm without rigorous review.
Comparative Criminal Justice
Author: Francis Pakes
Publication Date: Feb 2010
This book aims to meet the need for an accessible introductory text on comparative criminal justice, examining the ways different countries and jurisdictions deal with the main stages and elements in the criminal justice process, from policing through to sentencing. Examples are taken from all over the world, with a particular focus on Europe, the UK, the United States and Australasia. The main aims of the book are to provide the reader with:
|A comparative perspective on criminal justice and its main components
|An understanding of the increasing globalisation of justice and standards of the administration of justice
|A knowledge of methodology for comparative research and analysis
|An understanding of the most important concepts in criminal justice (such as inquisitorial and adversarial trial systems, policing styles, crime control versus due process, retribution versus rehabilitation etc)
|Discussion of global trends such as the rise of imprisonment, penal populism, diversion, international policing and international tribunals
|An insight into what the essential ingredients of doing justice might be
This fully updated and expanded new edition of Comparative Criminal Justice takes into account the considerable advances in comparative criminal justice research since the first edition in 2004. Each chapter has been thoroughly updated and in addition, there is a new chapter on establishing the rate of crime in a comparative context. The rate of development in international policing and international development has been such that there is now an individual chapter devoted to each; and throughout the book, the role of globalisation, changing both the local and the global in criminal justice arrangements, orientations and discourses, has now been given the prominence it deserves.
List of Figures and Tables
1 Making sense of local and global justice arrangements
2 Conducting comparative criminological research
3 Comparative crime
4 Policing through a comparative lens
5 Prosecution and pre-trial justice
6 Systems of trial
7 Judicial decision-makers
9 International policing
10 International criminal justice
11 Concluding comments
Hearing the Victim, Adversarial Justice, Crime Victims and the State
Authors: Anthony Bottoms and Julian V Roberts.
Publication Date: March 2010
In recent years far more attention has been paid to victims of crime - both in terms of awareness of the effect of crime upon their lives, and in changes that have been made to the criminal justice system to improve their rights and treatment. This process seems set to continue, with legislative plans announced to 'rebalance the criminal justice system in favour of the victim'. This latest book in the Cambridge Criminal Justice Series brings together leading authorities in the field to review the role of the victim in the criminal justice system in the context of these developments.
Preface, Anthony Bottoms and Julian Roberts.
1 The victim, the state, and civil society, Matt Matravers
2 The 'duty to understand': what consequences to victim participation?, Anthony Bottoms
3 The status of crime victims and witnesses in the 21st century, Helen Reeves and Peter Dunn
4 'Rebalancing the criminal justice system in favour of the victim': the costly consequences of populist rhetoric, Michael Tonry
5 The phenomenon of victim-offender overlap: a study of offences against households, Anthony Bottoms and Andrew Costello
6 The victim and the prosecutor, John Spencer
7 Victims at court: necessary accessories or principal players at Cozijn centre stage?, Joanna Shapland and Matthew Hall
8 'Hearing victims of crime': the delivery of impact statements as ritual behaviour in four London trials for murder and manslaughter, Paul Rock
9 Communication at sentencing: the expressive function of Victim Impact Statements, Julian Roberts and Edna Erez
10 Victim input at parole: probative or prejudicial?, Nicola Padfield and Julian Roberts
Sir Anthony Bottoms is formerly Wolfson Professor of Criminology, University of Cambridge, and Professional Fellow in Criminology, University of Sheffield.
Julian Roberts is Professor of Criminology at the University of Oxford.
Handbook on Crime
Author: Edited by Fiona Brookman, Maguire, Harriet Pierpoint and Trevor Bennett
ISBN: February 2010
Publication Date: 2010
The Handbook on Crime is a comprehensive edited volume that contains analysis and explanation of the nature, extent, patterns and causes of over 40 different forms of crime, in each case drawing attention to key contemporary debates and social and criminal justice responses to them. It also challenges many popular and official conceptions of crime.
This book is one of the few criminological texts that takes as its starting point a range of specific types of criminal activity. It addresses not only 'conventional' offences such as shoplifting, burglary, robbery, and vehicle crime, but many other forms of criminal behaviour - often an amalgamation of different legal offences - which attract contemporary media, public and policy concern. These include crimes committed not only by individuals, but by organised criminal groups, corporations and governments. There are chapters on, for example, gang violence, hate crime, elder abuse, animal abuse, cyber crime, identity theft, money-laundering, eco crimes, drug trafficking, human trafficking, genocide, and global terrorism. Many of these topics receive surprisingly little attention in the criminological literature.
The Handbook on Crime will be a unique text of lasting value to students, researchers, academics, practitioners, policy makers, journalists and all others involved in understanding and preventing criminal behaviour
Introduction, Fiona Brookman, Mike Maguire, Harriet Pierpoint and Trevor Bennett (University of Glamorgan)
Part I: 'Conventional' Property Crime
1 Domestic burglary, Mike Maguire (University of Glamorgan), Richard Wright (University of Missouri) and Trevor Bennett (University of Glamorgan)
2 Vehicle crime, Rick Brown (Evidence Led Solutions)
3 Shoplifting, Nick Tilley (Nottingham Trent University)
4 Understanding and tackling stolen goods markets, Mike Sutton (Nottingham Trent University)
Part II: Fraud and Fakes
5 Income tax evasion and benefit fraud, John Minkes (Swansea University) and Leonard Minkes (University of Birmingham)
6 Theft and fraud by employees, Martin Gill (University of Leicester) and Janice Goldstraw-White (Goldstraw-White Associates)
7 Fakes, Simon Mackenzie (University of Glasgow)
8 Scams, Simon Mackenzie (University of Glasgow)
9 Credit fraud, Mike Levi (Cardiff University)
10 Identity theft and fraud, Natasha Semmens (University of Sheffield)
11Cybercrime, Matt Williams (Cardiff University)
Part III: Violent Crime
12 Homicide, Fiona Brookman (University of Glamorgan)
13 Domestic violence, Amanda Robinson (University of Cardiff)
14 Street robbery, Trevor Bennett and Fiona Brookman (University of Glamorgan)
15 Stealing commercial cash: from safecracking to armed robbery, Dick Hobbs (London School of Economics)
16 Youth gang crime, Jenny Maher (University of Glamorgan)
17 Violence in the night-time economy, Simon Winlow (University of York)
18 Hate Crime, Paul Iganski (University of Lancaster)
19 Stalking and harassment, Victoria Heckels (University of Teeside) and Karl Roberts (Charles Sturt University, Australia)
20 Arson, Emma J. Palmer, Clive R. Hollin (Leicester General Hospital), Ruth M. Hatcher and Tammy Ayres (University of Leicester)
21 Blackmail, kidnapping and threats to kill, Keith Soothill and Brian Francis (University of Lancaster)
22 Elder abuse, John Williams (Aberystwyth University)
23 School bullying: risk factors, theories and interventions, Maria M. Ttofi (University of Cambridge) and David P. Farrington (University of Cambridge)
24 Institutional abuse and children's homes, Jonathan Evans (University of Glamorgan)
25 Animal abuse, Harriet Pierpoint and Jenny Maher (University of Glamorgan)
Part IV: Sex-Related Crime
26 Sexual offences against adults, Clive R. Hollin, Ruth M. Hatcher and Emma J. Palmer (University of Leicester)
27 Sexual offences against children, Clive R. Hollin, Emma J. Palmer and Ruth M. Hatcher (University of Leicester)
28 Sex Work, Belinda Brooks-Gordon (Birbeck University of London)
Part V: Drug-Related Crime
29 Drug- and alcohol-related crime, Trevor Bennett and Katy Holloway (University of Glamorgan)
30 Drug supply and possession, Tim McSweeny, Paul J. Turnbull andTiggey May (Kings College London)
31 Drug trafficking, Letizia Paoli (Leuven Institute of Criminology), Toine Spapens (Tilburg University) and Cyrille Fijnaut (Tilburg University)
Part VI: Organised and Business Crime
32 Corporate financial crimes, John Minkes (Swansea University)
33 Middle range business crime: rogue and respectable businesses, family firms and entrepreneurs, Hazel Croall (Glasgow Caledonian University)
34 Human trafficking, Jo Goodey (European Union Agency for Fundamental Rights)
35 Money laundering, David C. Hicks (Cardiff University)
36 Extortion, Dick Hobbs (London School of Economics)
Part VII: State, Political and War Crimes
37 State crime, Katherine S. Williams (Aberystwyth University)
38 Genocide and 'ethnic cleansing', Andy Aitchison (University of Edinburgh)
39 Torture, Rod Morgan (Visiting Professor, London School of Economics)
40 Crimes of the global state, Maureen Cain (University of Birmingham)
41 Political protest and crime, P.A.J. Waddington (University of Wolverhampton)
42 Terrorism, Nicola Weston and Martin Innes(Cardiff University)
Part VIII: Harms, Health and Safety
43 Eco-crime and air pollution, Reece Walters (The Open University)
44 Corporate violence and harm, Steve Tombs (Liverpool John Moores University)
45 Driving offences, Claire Corbett (Brunel University)
International Police Cooperation
Emerging issues, theory and practice
Author: Frédéric Lemie
Publication Date: Jan 2010
The globalization of threats and the complexity of international security issues represent more than ever a challenge for international policing (re)shaping the configuration of inter-agency interaction.
Police cooperation refers to the interaction in which two or more police entities (including private and public agencies) act together intentionally or non intentionally. Usually police cooperation gives the opportunity to pool financial, human, and material resources to reach goals that cannot be reached unilaterally. In essence, effective police cooperation addresses inter-agency competition and investigation overlap; in reality, collaboration between law enforcement agencies is plagued by competing agendas, limited resources, and nationalistic/discretionary intelligence sharing.
While most studies focus on the reasons for the desirability of police cooperation as an approach to transnational crime, on the interactions between national police services, or on the challenges of the democratization of the collaboration process and respect of human rights, International Police Cooperation pays special attention to the factors that have contributed to the effective working of police cooperation in practice and the problems that are encountered.
This book brings together original research that examines opportunities and initiatives undertaken by agencies (practices and processes introduced) as well as the impact of external legal, political, and economical pressures.
Contributors explore emerging initiatives and new challenges in several contexts at both national and international levels. They adopt a diversity of approaches and theoretical frameworks to reach a broader understanding of current and future issues in police cooperation. Forms of police cooperation and trends in crime control are examined, drawing upon the following disciplines: criminology, ethics, organizational science, political science, and sociology.
1 The nature and structure of international police cooperation: an introduction, Frédéric Lemieux (George Washington University)
2 Police and judicial cooperation in Europe: bilateral versus multilateral cooperation, Laure Guille (University of Leicester)
3 Towards a governance model of police cooperation in Europe: the twist between networks and bureaucracies, Monica den Boer (VU University, The Netherlands)
4A market-oriented explanation of the expansion of the role of Europol:filling the demand for criminal intelligence through entrepreneurialinitiatives, Nadia Gerspacher (United States Institute of Peace) and Frédéric Lemieux (George Washington University)
5 Iterative development of co-operation within an increasingly complex environment. Example of a Swiss regional analysis centre, Olivier Ribaux (University of Lausanne) and Stéphane Birrer (University of Lausanne)
6 The Meuse-Rhine Euroregion: a laboratory for police and judicial cooperation in the European Union, Cyrille Fijnaut (Tilburg University) and Toine Spapens (Tilburg University)
7 Convergent models of police cooperation in anti-organized crime and anti terrorism activities, Chantal Perras (University of Montreal) and Frédéric Lemieux (George Washington University)
8 The France and Europol relationship: explaining shifts in cooperative behaviour, Nadia Gerspacher (United States Institute of Peace)
9 Parallel paths and productive partners: the EU and US on counter-terrorism, John D. Occhipinti (Canisius College)
10 Cross-strait police cooperation between Taiwan and China, Yungnane Yang (National Cheng Kung University, Taiwan) and Frédéric Lemieux (George Washington University)
11 Police cooperation in the context of peacebuilding: observations from African quarters, Elrena van der Spuy (University of Cape Town, South Africa)
12 Police-military cooperation in foreign interventions: Timor-Leste and the Solomon Islands, Andrew Goldsmith (University of Wollongong) and Vandra Harris (Flinders University)
13 International police organizations: the missing link to cooperate effectively, Nadia Gerspacher (United States Institute of Peace) and Veronique Pujas (formerly Institut d'Etudes Politiques Grenoble)
14Tackling transnational drug trafficking effectively: assessing theoutcomes of the drug enforcement administration's internationalcooperation initiatives, Frédéric Lemieux (George Washington University)
15 Challenges of governance and accountability for transnational private policing, Les Johnston (University of Portsmouth) and Philip Stenning (Keele University)
16 The constabulary ethic reconsidered, James Sheptycki (York University, Toronto)
Criminal Justice - Local And Global
Authors: Deborah Drake, John Muncie & Louise Westmarland
Publication Date: October 2009
Publisher's Title Information
Criminal Justice: Local and Global and its sister text Crime: Local and Global are two new teaching texts that aim to equip the reader with a critical understanding of the globally contested nature of 'crime' and 'justice'. Through an examination of key concepts and criminological approaches, the books illuminate the different ways in which crime is constructed, conceived and controlled. International case studies are used to demonstrate how 'crime' and 'justice' are historically and geographically located in terms of the global/local context, and how processes of criminalisation and punishment are mediated in contemporary societies.
Criminal Justice: Local and Global covers the way the 'local' can be widened out to look at international, transnational and supranational aspects of justice. This means that issues such as corporate crime and human rights can be discussed in a comparative and critical way, examining the possibility, for example of an International Criminal Court, cross-national jurisdictions of regulation and control (such as Interpol) and so on. Each chapter covers a different area of regulation, punishment and process.
Unlike previous texts, the books approach will be an innovative approach to widen 'justice' to encompass considerations beyond simple, local jurisdictions. The book will take instances of 'justice' in one jurisdiction and use global examples to illustrate how ambiguous the concept of 'justice' can be.
1 Interrogating criminal justice, Deborah Drake, John Muncie and Louise Westmarland
2 Punitiveness and cultures of control, Deborah Drake
3 Conflict resolution, restoration and informal justice, Ross Fergusson and John Muncie
4 Risk prediction, assessment and management, Deborah Drake and John Muncie
5 Surveillance and social ordering, Roy Coleman
6 Transnational policing and security, Louise Westmarland
7 Justice, globalisation and human rights, James Mehigan, Reece Walters and Louise Westmarland
'Criminal Justice: Local and Global is another excellent and unique contribution to the criminological literature. This is more than another textbook. In melding together contemporary debates on the relationship between globalisation and the local context covering key issues such as policing, punishment, risk assessment, surveillance, restorative justice and human rights, this book not only delivers up to date and insightful material, it will also act as a catalyst for pushing the at the boundaries of the criminological agenda on these issues. This is a remarkable achievement and constitutes a timely and significant intervention for the discipline. A must read for the student and lecturer alike.'
Sandra Walklate (University of Liverpool)
'Criminal Justice: Local and Global is an intellectual travel guide to criminal justice in the 21st century. Ambitiously crafted, this volume focuses on theory and values instead of the usual 'nuts and bolts' approach to explaining criminal justice. Examples are taken from around the globe to illustrate common themes. The text is unrelenting in its critical analysis. Students will appreciate its creative and futuristic qualities.'
- Rosemary Barberet (John Jay College of Criminal Justice)
Handbook of Internet Crime
Authors: Yvonne Jewkes & Majid Yar
Price: £ 34.99
Publication Date: November 2009
Publisher's Title Information
An essential reference for scholars and others whose work brings them into contact with managing, policing and regulating online behaviour, the Handbook of Internet Crime emerges at a time of rapid social and technological change. Amidst much debate about the dangers presented by the Internet and intensive negotiation over its legitimate uses and regulation, this is the most comprehensive and ambitious book on cybercrime to date.
The Handbook of Internet Crime gathers together the leading scholars in the field to explore issues and debates surrounding internet-related crime, deviance, policing, law and regulation in the 21st century.
The Handbook reflects the range and depth of cybercrime research and scholarship, combining contributions from many of those who have established and developed cyber research over the past 25 years and who continue to shape it in its current phase, with more recent entrants to the field who are building on this tradition and breaking new ground. Contributions reflect both the global nature of cybercrime problems, and the international span of scholarship addressing its challenges.
1 Introduction: the Internet, cybercrime, and the challenges of the 21st century, Yvonne Jewkes (University of Leicester) and Majid Yar (University of Hull)
Part I: Histories and Contexts
2 Reinterpreting Internet history, James Curran (University of London)
3 On the globalization of crime: the Internet and new criminality, Barry Sandywell (University of York)
4 The Internet and everyday life, Vincent Miller (University of Kent)
5 Criminalising cyberspace: the rise of the Internet as a 'crime problem', David S. Wall (University of Leeds)
6 Public perceptions and public opinion about Internet crime, Majid Yar (University of Hull)
7 Crime, film and the cybernetic imagination, Craig Webber (University of Southampton) and Jeff Vass
8 Fiction, fantasy and transformation in the imaginaries of cybercrime: the novel and after, Sheila Brown (Sheffield Hallam University)
Part II: Forms of Internet Crime
9 Hackers, viruses and malicious software, Steven Furnell (University of Plymouth)
10 Terror's web: how the Internet is transfroming terrorism, Dorothy E. Denning (Naval Postgraduate School)
11 Cyber-terror: construction, criminalisation and control, Maggie Wykes with Daniel Harcus
12 Cyber-protest and civil society: the internet and action repetoires in social movements, Jeroen Van Laer (Universiteit Antwerpen) and Peter Van Aelst
13 Intellectual property crime and the Internet: cyber-piracy and 'stealing' informational intangibles, David S. Wall (University of Leeds) and Majid Yar (Universityof Hull)
14 Identity theft and fraud, Russell Smith (Australian Instituteof Criminology)
15 The sex industry, regualtion and the Internet, Teela Sanders(University of Leeds)
16 Online sexual exploitation of children and young people, Jo Bryce (University of Central Lancashire)
17 Child Pornography, Ethel Quayle (University College Cork)
18 Harm, suicide and homicide in cyberspace: assessing causality and control, Maggie Wykes
Part III: Internet Law and Regulation
19 The emergence of computer law, Martin Wasik (Keele University)
20 Recent developments in UK cybercrime law, Lilian Edwards, Judith Rauhofer and Majid Yar
21 Recent developments in US Internet law, Susan W. Brenner (University of Dayton School of Law)
22 Trans-national developments in Internet law, Katherine S. Williams(Aberystwyth University)
23 Online surveillance and personal liberty, Mike McGuire (London Metropolitan University)
Part IV: Policing the Internet
24 Public policing and Internet crime, Yvonne Jewkes (University of Leicester)
25 The private policing of Internet crime, Majid Yar (University of Hull)
26 The virtual Neighbourhood Watch: netizens in action, Matthew Williams (Cardiff University)
27 Internet technologies and criminal justice, Janet Chan (University of New South Wales), Gerard Goggin (University of New South Wales) and Jasmine Bruce
28 Computer forensics and the presentation of evidence in criminal cases, Ian Walden (University of London)
Yvonne Jewkes is Professor of Criminology at the University of Leicester. She has written extensively on the problems of policing cybercrime as well as more generally about the relationship between new technologies, crime and deviance. Her books include Dot.cons: crime, deviance and identity on the internet (Willan, 2003) and Media and Crime (Sage, 2004). She is also cofounder and Editor of Crime, Media, Culture: an international journal and editor of Willan Publishing's Handbook on Prisons (2007).
Majid Yar is Professor of Criminology at the University of Hull. He is the author of Cybercrime and Society (2006) and has written widely in the fields of crime and deviance, media, and social theory.
'The virtual ubiquity of the Internet has transformed many aspects of global social and technological lives within an unprecedented short timespan. With it, it has brought a parallel realm of criminal and deviant behaviour requirinf multi-faceted governance and regulatory response. The Handbook of Internet Crime shines a welcome light on this plethora of issues, encompasses the wide range of key topics in this increasingly complex area of study and makes a major contribution to scholarship in the field.'- Dr Stefan Fafinski, Brunel University
Crime Local and Global
Author: Edited by John Muncie, Deborah Talbot and Reece Walters
Publishers: Willan with The Open University
Publication Date: August 2009
Publisher's Title Information
Crime: Local and Global and its sister text Criminal Justice: Local and Global are two new teaching texts that aim to equip the reader with a critical understanding of the globally contested nature of 'crime' and 'justice'. Through an examination of key concepts and criminological approaches, the books illuminate the different ways in which crime is constructed, conceived and controlled. International case studies are used to demonstrate how 'crime' and 'justice' are historically and geographically located in terms of the global/local context, and how processes of criminalisation and punishment are mediated in contemporary societies.
Crime: Local and Global covers the way local events (such as prostitution) have wider aspects than previously thought. Links with people traffickers, international organised crime and violence cannot be ignored any longer. Each crime or area of activity selected within this text has a global reach, and is made ever more possible due to the way globalisation has opened up markets, both legitimate and illegitimate.
The book's approach and scope emphasises that we can no longer view 'crime' as something which occurs within certain jurisdictions, at certain times and in particular places. For example, the chapter on cybercrime highlights the 'illegal' acts that can be perpetrated by second lifers, anywhere in the world, but are they a crime?
1 Interrogating crime, John Muncie, Deborah Talbot and Reece Walters
2 Global cities, segregation and transgression, Gerry Mooney and Deborah Talbot
3 Cybercrime, transgression and virtual environments, Sarah Neal
4 Gender abuse and people trafficking, Louise Westmarland
5 Crime, harm and corporate power, Steve Tombs and Dave Whyte
6 Eco-crime, Reece Walters
7 The state, terrorism and crimes against humanity, Penny Green
Published in association with The Open University.
'Finally, a text that reveals the new contours of crime and social harm- state terrorism, human trafficking, crimes against the environment and in cyberspace .. Intellectually demanding- yet student friendly.' - Professor David Nelken Distinguished Professor, Cardiff Law school
'This book brings criminology into the 21st century. It masterfully blends the local and the global in a carefully edited volume that students will find simply fascinating. Each chapter critically analizes all sides of the issue at hand and uses various types of sources to engage students' interest. I commend the authors and editors on an excellent text.' - Professor Rosemary Barbaret, John Jay College of Criminal Justice, New York'
The domain of criminology is changing very rapidly in this age of globalisation. Yet, there are still very few textbooks available that map out this new global criminological field on urban developments, cybercrime, human trafficking, corporate crime, eco crime and crimes against humanity as clearly, comprehensive and concise as Crime: Local and Global. An excellent course book.' Professor René van Swaaningen (Erasmus University, Rotterdam)
"Internet Law Book Reviews" Copyright Rob Jerrard 2010