"INTERNET LAW BOOK REVIEWS" Provided by Rob Jerrard LLB LLM

Wiley-Blackwell Publishing: Books Reviewed in 2010

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The Faces of Terrorism - Multidisciplinary Perspectives
Edition: 1st
Format: Paperback
Author: David Canter
ISBN: 9780470753811
Publishers: Wiley-Blackwell
Price: £30.99
Publication Date: Dec 2009
 

An international, multi-disciplinary team explores the many different facets of terrorism, investigating what it means to be a terrorist and what terrorism means for society.
Gets closer to the perspectives of terrorists - their views, how their acts are conceptualized by the public and by national leaders, and how this knowledge can be put to use
Brings together international experts from psychology, psychiatry, law and policing
Edited by one of the world's foremost forensic psychology experts, David Canter
International author team brought together by a high-profile Editor
Interdisciplinary in nature - brings together experts from psychology, psychiatry, law and policing
Considers the full cycle from how terrorists view the world to the public perception of terrorist acts
Facilitates effective responses to terrorism
Highly topical subject - huge increase in interest in terrorism in recent years (both academic and general public interest)

List of Contributors.
Preface.
1. The Multi-Faceted Nature of Terrorism: An Introduction (David Canter).
2. From Naïvety to Insurgency: Becoming a Paramilitary in Northern Ireland (Neil Ferguson and Mark Burgess).
3. The Rhetorical Foundation of Militant Jihad (Sudhanshu Sarangi and David Canter).
4. Case Study: The Puzzling Case (from a Western Perspective of Lone Terrorist Faheem Khalid Lodhi (Clive Williams).
5. The Primacy of Grievance asStructural Cause Of Oppositional Political Terrorism: Comparing Al Fatah, FARC, and PIRA (Jeffrey Ian Ross).
6. Case Study: The 17th November Group - Europe's Last Revolutionary Terrorists (George Kassimeris).
7. Terrorism and Organized Crime: A Theoretical Perspective (Dipak K. Gupta, John Horgan and Alex P. Schmid).
8. Terrorist Networks and Small Group Psychology (Sam Mullins).
9. Case Study: Youth Gangs and Terrorism in Chechnya: Recruitment, Activities and Networks (Michael Vishnevetsky).
10. The Enemy of My Enemy is My Friend (Kevin Borgeson and Robin Valeri).
11. The Business of Kidnap for Ransom (Everard Phillips).
12. Case Study: Ramzan Kadyrov in Chechnya: Authoritarian leadership in the Caucasus (John Russell).
13. From 7/7 to 8/10: Mediaof Terrorist Incidents in the United States and United KingdomBrinson and Michael Stohl).
14. Cyberterrorism: The Emerging Worldwide Threat (Amanda M. Sharp Parker).
15. Disengaging from Terrorism (John Horgan).
16. De-radicalization and the Staircase from Terrorism (Fathali M. Moghaddam).
Index.

The Author
David Canter is Professor of Psychology and Director of the International Research Centre for Investigative Psychology at the University of Huddersfield, and founding editor of the Wiley Journal of Investigative Psychology and Offender Profiling. He has worked with police forces all over the world on 'profiling', which led to the emergence of Investigative Psychology. This has included unique studies of terrorists. Since 1986, Professor Canter has contributed to over 150 investigations of many different kinds of crimes around the world, and was recently awarded a BPS Honorary Fellowship. He has also written two award-winning books, Criminal Shadows: Inside the Mind of the Serial Killer (1995) and Mapping Murder: The Secrets of Geographical Profiling (2003).


Shooting to Kill - Policing, Firearms and Armed Response
Edition: 1st
Format: Paperback
Authors: Peter Squires and Peter Kennison
ISBN: 978-0-470-77927-9
Publishers: Wiley-Blackwell
Price: £24.99
Publication Date: March 2010
 

Shooting to Kill? Policing, Firearms and Armed Response explores the dilemma of armed response policing in the UK, and policing in a gun culture.
Offers the first critical exploration of the ACPO code of guidance on Police Use of Firearms and other tactical manuals
Includes interviews with senior police firearms managers and critical case studies of police firearms incidents
Features the first in-depth, academic analysis of the Stockwell shooting incident and the Kratos policy
Provides a review of key developments in armed response policing around the world
Describes the crucial phases in armed response policy development in Britain and explores the consequences of arming the police

The Authors
Peter Squires is Professor of Criminology and Public Policy at the University of Brighton. He has published a number of books, including Gun Culture or Gun Control and Community Safety. Squires' recent work has focused upon gun crime and policing, and gangs and anti-social behaviour.
Peter Kennison is a Senior Lecturer in the Department of Criminology and Sociology at Middlesex University. He is also Undergraduate Programme Leader for Criminal Justice and Criminology, and Policing. Kennison was a police officer in London for over 25 years.

Reviews to date
'This timely book provides an insightful and accessible overview of a widely misunderstood subject: police use of firearms. It deserves to become essential reading for students, academics, policy makers, politicians and police officers as well as for a wider public concerned about police use of deadly force.', Maurice Punch, Visiting Professor, Mannheim Centre LSE and School of Law, King's College London


 
Handbook of Firearms and Ballistics: Examining and Interpreting Forensic Evidence,
Edition: 2nd
Format: Hardback
Author: Brian J Heard
ISBN: 978-0-470-69460-2
Publishers: Wiley-Blackwell
Price: £47.50 / €54.70
Publication Date: October 2008
 
Publisher's Information:
 

The updated second edition of Handbook of Firearms and Ballistics includes recent developed analytical techniques and methodologies with a more comprehensive glossary, additional material, and new case studies. With a new chapter on the determination of bullet caliber via x-ray photography, this edition includes revised material on muzzle attachments, proof marks, non-toxic bullets, and gunshot residues. Essential reading for forensic scientists, firearms examiners, defence and prosecution practitioners, the judiciary, and police force, this book is also a helpful reference guide for undergraduate and graduate forensic science students.
 

Contents
 
Developments in Forensic Science.
Acknowledgements.
Foreword.
1 Firearms.
1.1 A Brief History of Firearms.
1.2 Weapon Types and Their Operation.
1.3 Proof Marks.
Further Reading.
2 Ammunition.
2.1 A Brief History of Ammunition.
2.2 Ammunition Components.
2.3 Non-toxic Shot.
2.4 A Brief History of Propellants.
2.5 Priming Compounds and Primers.
2.6 Headstamp Markings on Ammunition.
3 Ballistics.
3.1 Internal, External and Terminal Ballistics.
3.2 Internal Ballistics.
3.3 External Ballistics.
3.4 Terminal Ballistics.
4 Forensic Firearms Examination.
4.1 A Brief History of Forensic Firearms Identification.
4.2 Rifling Types and Their Identification.
4.3 Fluted, Annular Ringed, Helical, Perforated and Oversized Chambers.
4.4 Basic Concepts of Striation Matching.
4.5 Basic Methodology Used in Comparison Microscopy.
4.6 Mathematical Proof of Striation Matches.
4.7 Accidental Discharge.
4.8 Identification of Calibre from the Bullet Entry Hole.
4.9 Ricochet Analysis.
4.10 Bullet Penetration and Trajectory through Glass.
5 Range of Firing Estimations and Bullet Hole Examinations.
5.1 Introduction.
5.2 The Use of X-ray Photography.
5.3 Range of Firing Estimations for Pistols and Rifles.
5.4 Chemical Tests for Range of Firing Estimations and Bullet Entry/Exit Hole Identification.
5.5 Range of Firing Estimations for Shotguns.
6 Gunshot Residue Examination.
6.1 Introduction.
6.2 Formation of Discharge Residue.
6.3 Distribution of GSR Particles.
6.4 Identification of GSR Particles.
6.5 The Use of the SEM for GSR Detection.
6.6 Sample Collection.
6.7 GSR Retention.
6.8 Conservation of GSR Particles on the Hands.
6.9 GSR Distribution on the Hands.
6.10 Identification of Type of Ammunition, Country of Origin from GSR Analysis.
6.11 Environmental Contaminants.
6.12 Sources of Elements Commonly Found in Lead-Based GSRs.
6.13 Extending the Recovery Period for GSR.
7 Gun-Handling Tests.
7.1 Introduction.
7.2 Methodology for Ferrozine Use.
7.3 Case Notes.
8 Restoration of Erased Numbers.
8.1 Introduction.
8.2 Methods Used for Removal of Serial Numbers.
8.3 Theory behind Number Restoration.
8.4 Non-recoverable Methods of Number Removal.
8.5 Practice of Number Restoration.
8.6 Chemical Methods of Restoration.
8.7 Reagents Used for Various Metals.
8.8 Electrolytic Methods of Restoration.
8.9 Reagents Used.
8.10 Ultrasonic Cavitation for Restoration.
8.11 Magnetic Particle Method for Restoration.
8.12 Other Methods of Restoration.
8.13 Laser-Etched Serial Numbers and Bar Codes and Their Restoration.
9 Qualifying the Expert and Cross-Examination Questions.
9.1 Introduction.
9.2 General Background Questions.
9.3 Comparison Microscopy.
9.4 GSRs.
9.5 Ferrozine Test.
9.6 Standard of Review: 'Daubert Trilogy'.
10 Classification of Firearm-Related Death.
10.1 Multiple-Shot Suicides.
11 Glossary.
Appendix 1 Important dates in the History of Firearms from 1247.
Appendix 2 GSR results for Chinese and USSR ammunition.
Appendix 3 Primer content of some cartridge-operated nail guns.
Appendix 4 Commercial and General Abbreviations for Bullet Configurations.
Appendix 5 Trade Names.
Appendix 6 Gun Marks.
Appendix 7 Powder Burn Rate.
Appendix 8 Hearing Loss.
Appendix 9 General Firearms Values Conversion Table.
Index.


Essential Forensic Biology
Edition: 2nd
Format: Paperback
Author: Alan Gunn
ISBN: 978-0-470-75803-8
Publishers: Wiley-Blackwell
Price: £29.95 / €34.50
Publication Date: January 2009
 
Publisher's Information:
 

This book is an introduction to the application of biology in legal investigations. Fully revised and updated throughout, the second edition of this highly successful textbook offers an accessible overview to the essentials of the subject providing a balanced coverage of the range of organisms used as evidence in forensic investigations; invertebrates, vertebrates, plants and microbes.
The book provides an overview of the decay process and discusses the role of forensic indicators - human fluids and tissues, including blood cells, bloodstain pattern analysis, hair, teeth, bones, and wounds. It also examines the study of forensic biology in cases of suspicious death.
The coverage of molecular techniques has been expanded throughout with additional material on bioterrorism and wildlife forensics now included. The use of DNA and RNA for the identification of individuals and their personal characteristics is now covered along with a discussion of the ethical issues associated with the maintenance of DNA databases.
Fully revised and updated new edition of this highly successful textbook.
Includes self-assessment questions at the end of each chapter and case studies.
Now in full colour throughout.
Includes a supplementary website (www.wileyeurope.com/college/gunn) covering additional material and self-test questions to reinforce student understanding.
 

From the reviews of the first edition:
 
"The author does an excellent job of demonstrating how biological science can, and does, contribute to legal investigations…" THE QUARTERLY REVIEW OF BIOLOGY
"…a super book …not a book that will languish on library shelves. Buy it!" JOURNAL OF BIOLOGICAL EDUCATION
"…naturalists and biologists will find much of interest within these books…new light on the application of their own specialism..." THE NATURALIST
"Overall, I give it my highest recommendation. I was unable to find a single paragraph that was no fascinating, despite being sad or gruesome at times." E-STREAMS
Gunn presents an introductory textbook on the application of biological science in legal investigations. ( Book News, September 2009)
 

New to this Edition
 
Includes a range of important key case studies new to this edition in which the difficulties of evaluating biological evidence are highlighted.
 
Two new separate chapters on 'The Forensic Examination of Human Tissues' and 'Forensic Examination of Wounds' including new section on pathology of strangulation and drug addiction
 
Now in full colour throughout
 
Each chapter includes self-assessment quizzes and a series of questions and topics for further study to enhance student understanding.
 
Supported by a website covering forensic entomology and additional material that includes interactive MCQs to test student understanding and animations to reinforce key concepts explored within the text.

Review
 
Alan Gunn of Liverpool John Moores University, has produced a book that offers an updated overview of the whole subject of forensic biology, and more besides.

This publication covers every aspect of this wide-ranging subject. Most forensic scientists and others involved in the field of investigation will be experts in certain aspects of the subject but, (like me), their knowledge of other parts of it will be minimal.
This is where this book will come into its own by providing a detailed insight into every aspect of forensic biology.

The book is divided into three main sections, each of those sections is divided into chapters and each chapter is further sub-divided to cover every subject that one could possibly think should be mentioned in a publication on this subject.

Throughout the book the author has included Case Studies, which each perfectly illustrate the individual subject. I found these of great interest, showing, as they do, how scientific knowledge and examination can assist an investigation and often solve a crime.

At the start of each chapter the author has produced a series of 'objectives' to illustrate the material which is covered. They are written in the style of examination essay questions, so that the reader can use them as part of a self-assessment revision exercise. At the end of each chapter there are a number of questions that test the knowledge that should have been gleaned whilst reading it. Also at the end of each chapter there are some suggestions for undergraduate projects. These I know will be very useful to some students, and for this reason, this book will shortly be on its way to the Forensic Science Faculty of my 'old' University.

Another addition is a supplementary website, which covers additional material and self-test questions to reinforce student understanding, an excellent tool for students studying a particular aspect of this wide-ranging subject.

Throughout the book there are many excellent diagrams and charts. The book is also very well illustrated with colour photographs to explain and expound the given subject. The collation of these photographs must have been in itself a mammoth task.

It is not my intention to review each subject or chapter of the book, that would be impossible given the vast subject matter and the detail that the author has managed to include.

This book brings together all the many different aspects of a complicated subject in one publication, however, the author has done it in such a way that the reader becomes absorbed in the content.

This is a very well written book. However, it is not in my view for the general reader. It will be invaluable to students of this subject, and a welcome addition to many university and other reference libraries. If you are a forensic scientist, a student studying forensic science or biology, a crime scene examiner, a police medical examiner or a senior investigating officer, then in my view this publication should be on your bookshelf.

Andy Day, 2010.


Crime Scene Management: Scene Specific Methods
Edition: 1st
Format: Paperback
Authors: Edited by Raul Sutton & Keith Trueman
ISBN: 978-0-470-01679-4
Publishers: Wiley-Blackwell
Price: £27.50 / €31.70
Publication Date: April 2009
 
Publisher's Information:
 

Crime Scene Management is an accessible introduction to the common forms of evidence that may be encountered at a scene of crime and the techniques used for recovery of that evidence. The book is clearly focused on the techniques for handling crime scenes from the role of the first officer attending through to the specialist personnel who may be called to deal with specific evidence types. Clearly structured to enhance student understanding, methods covered include, DNA-rich samples, fingerprints, toolmarks and footwear impressions. Later chapters move on to consider examples of specialised scenes such as arson and vehicle crime. The content of each chapter can be tested with self-assessment questions to reinforce student understanding.
Written for undergraduate students studying forensic science courses, Crime Scene Management will also be of interest to scene of crime officers, police officers and legal professionals as well as students taking courses in criminalistics and law.
Focuses on the crime scene and on the science underpinning the gathering of evidence at the scene
Written in conjunction with experienced practitioners
Supplementary website to include figures from the book and further references
Suitable for delivery in a modular course.
Chapters written by a team consisting of experts and academics to ensure an accessible and well-informed text.
 

Contents
 
Introduction and Use of This Text.
List of Contributors.
PART I Crime Scene Principles.
1 The Crime Scene Context (Raul Sutton).
1.1 Introduction.
1.2 What is a crime?
1.3 The nature of the UK legal system.
1.4 The legal system in England and Wales.
1.5 Other courts.
1.6 The judicial system in Northern Ireland.
1.7 The Scottish legal system.
1.8 Judicial processes that deal with causes of death.
1.9 What constitutes evidence?
1.10 The chain of events in evidence gathering.
1.11 The relationships between evidence gatherers.
1.12 Health and safety considerations.
Suggested further reading
2 First Officer Attending (Keith Trueman).
2.1 Introduction.
2.2 Response to incidence report.
2.3 Personnel involved in the investigative process.
2.4 Recording and recovery of scientific evidence.
2.5 Initial Considerations of first officer attending (FOA).
2.6 Dealing with the victim.
2.7 Dealing with witnesses.
2.8 Dealing with suspects.
2.9 Dealing with the crime scene(s).
2.10 Documentation.
2.11 Dealing with violent crime.
2.12 Summary and conclusion.
3 The Role of the Scenes of Crime Officer (Keith Trueman).
3.1 Introduction.
3.2 Training the SOCO.
3.3 The responsibilities of a SOCO
3.4 Forensic evidence.
3.5 Request for SOCO attendance at crime scenes.
3.6 Actions when attending the crime scene.
3.7 Initial scene assessment (including health and safety considerations).
3.8 Planning evidence recovery.
3.9 Record the evidence.
3.10 The elimination process.
3.11 Details of evidence recovered.
3.12 Integrity, continuity and contamination.
3.13 Packaging materials.
3.14 Conclusion.
4 Police Photography (Chris Crowe).
4.1 Introduction.
4.2 General guidelines.
4.3 Equipment.
4.4 Exposure.
4.5 mage quality/size.
4.6 Depth of field.
4.7 White balance.
4.8 Image data.
4.9 Flash photography.
4.10 Room interiors.
4.11 Vehicles.
4.12 Exhibits.
4.13 Assaults and woundings.
4.14 Night photography.
4.15 Footwear impressions.
4.16 Fingerprints.
4.17 Recording video evidence at crime scenes.
4.18 The use of digital images in court.
Suggested further reading.
PART II Evidence Gathering Techniques.
5 Fingerprints (David Charlton).
5.1 Introduction.
5.2 The nature of friction ridge skin.
5.3 The structure of friction ridge skin.
5.4 Friction ridge growth.
5.5 Principles of friction ridge identification.
5.6 Comparison methodology.
5.7 Chemical composition of latent prints.
5.8 Identification of common locations for prints.
5.9 The use of powdering techniques to enhance latent finger marks.
5.10 Chemical development techniques.
5.11 Laboratory and scene applications.
5.12 Fingerprints in bodily fluids.
5.13 Scenes of fire.
5.14 Optimal methods to reveal fingerprints (laser and other light sources).
5.15 New and emerging techniques.
5.16 Summary.
Acknowledgments.
Selected further reading.
6 DNA-Rich Evidence (Terry Bartlett).
6.1 Introduction.
6.2 Historical background.
6.3 The structure and properties of DNA.
6.4 DNA analysis.
6.5 Types of DNA testing.
6.6 Biological evidence.
6.7 Procedures for collection of biological evidence: general considerations.
6.8 Limitation of DNA evidence.
6.9 Elimination and reference samples.
Summary.
References.
7 Blood Pattern Analysis (Terry Bartlett and Raul Sutton).
7.1 `Introduction.
7.2 History of the development of blood spatter as a scientific discipline.
7.3 Composition of blood.
7.4 Physical properties of blood.
7.5 Causes of bleeding.
7.6 Blood dynamics.
7.7 Drop-surface impact and droplet pattern.
7.8 Determination of area of origin of spatter.
7.9 Cast-off patterns.
7.10 Arterial damage patterns.
7.11 Non-spatter patterns.
7.12 Physiologically altered blood stains (PABS).
7.13 Volume blood stains.
7.14 Composite patterns.
7.15 Investigative transfer and contamination issues.
7.16 Recording traces.
7.17 Summary.
Suggested further reading.
8 Physical Evidence (Craig Williams).
8.1 Introduction.
8.2 Tool Marks.
8.3 Clothing.
8.4 Fibres.
8.5 Footwear impressions.
8.6 Glass fragments.
8.7 Glass fragmentation.
8.8 Soils.
8.9 Firearms.
8.10 Scene recovery of firearms.
8.11 Gunshot residues (GSR).
8.12 Drugs of abuse (DOA).
8.13 The crime scene characteristics of various DOAs.
8.14 Presumptive tests for drugs.
8.15 Amateur explosives.
8.16 Summary.
Suggested further reading.
PART III Specialised Scenes and Report Writing.
9 The Examination of Fire Scenes (Chris J. Perry).
9.1 Introduction.
9.2 The nature of fire.
9.3 The oxygen demands of fires.
9.4 Flame and fire classifications.
9.5 Types of evidence specific to fire scenes.
9.6 Locating the seat of the fire.
9.7 Evidence gathering methods.
9.8 Methods for ascertaining whether a crime has been committed.
9.9 Health and safety considerations.
9.10 Summary.
Suggested further reading
10 Examination of Recovered Stolen Motor Vehicles (Keith Trueman).
10.1 Introduction.
10.2 What is a motor vehicle?
10.3 The definition of an auto crime.
10.4 Auto crime scene examinations.
10.5 Requests to attend an 'auto crime' scene.
10.6 The examination process.
10.7 Conclusion.
11 Preparing Reports and Statements (Keith Trueman).
11.1 Introduction.
11.2 Documentation at the crime scene.
11.3 Photography.
11.4 Plans, sketches and diagrams.
11.5 The exhibit label.
11.6 Handling the evidence.
11.7 Statements of evidence.
11.8 Criminal justice Act 1967 section 9.
11.9 Crime scene examination statements.
11.10 Conclusion.
Appendix Police Service Rank Structure.
Index.
 

Reviews to date
 
“This is a very good basic introductory book which is well written, practical, readable, and reliable, and would be valuable to the practitioner because its limited content focuses on areas regularly dealt with in the courts.” (Law Society of Scotland, November 2009)


Investigating Digital Crime
Edition: 1st
Format: Paperback
Author: Robin P. Bryant (Editor)
ISBN: 978-0-470-51601-0
Publishers: Wiley Blackwell
Price: £29.95 / €34.50
Publication Date: May 2008
 
Publisher's Title Information
 

Investigating Digital Crime is an accessible introduction to the relationship between the parallel growth of new digital technologies and their criminal exploitation. The book examines the reaction of the criminal justice system, both in terms of the general legislative context but also from the perspective of law enforcement, and provides a clear account of the different forms of digital crime. In order to enhance student understanding, this book includes a detailed description and analysis of digital crimes such as smart card crime, cyber crimes and telecommunication crimes in relation to a number of theoretical perspectives. The book clearly identifies the relationship between developments in digital technologies and changes in criminal behaviour.
 
Numerous case studies are provided throughout, with examples from the UK, other European nations and the US illustrating both the theoretical perspectives offered and the associated investigative context. Opening with an introduction to the challenges of new technology crime and background to the phenomena, the book then moves on to discuss the legislative context, for example, the interception of email and its use as evidence in court. The latter half of the book examines a range of new technology crimes, from the illegal modification of games consoles and mobile phones, through to new forms of identity theft, card crime and the use of new technology by sex offenders.
 
Covers a broad range of digital crime from IPR crime through to identity theft, telecommunications and card crime
Written by leading researchers, teachers and practitioners in the field
Offers a theoretical understanding and explanation of new technology crime and clearly describes and analyses the investigative and legislative context
Includes numerous global case studies throughout to illustrate the theory in practice and to appeal to an international audience
 

Contents
 
Preface.
List of Contributors (Robin Bryant).
1. The Challenge of Digital Crime (Robin Bryant).
2. The Legislative Context for Digital Crime (Tracey Stevens).
3. Investigating Digital Crime (Ian Kennedy).
4. Countering Cybercrime (Denis Edgar-Nevill and Paul Stephens).
5. Encryption (Dave O'Reilly and Paul Stephens).
6. IPR and Technological Protection Measures (Paul Stephens).
7. Plastic Card Crime (Robin Bryant and Paul Stephens).
8. Telecommunications Fraud (Joe Carthy, Tahar Kechadi and Paul Gillen).
9. Identity and Identity Theft (Angus Marshall and Paul Stephens).
10. Internet Grooming and Paedophile Crimes (Denis Edgar-Nevill).
11. Digitalisation and Crime (Robin Bryant and Paul Stephens).
12. Criminological and Motivational Perspectives (Robin Bryant and Angus Marshall).
Index.
The Editor

 
Robin P. Bryant is Director of Criminal Justice Practice in the Department of Law and Criminal Justice Studies at Canterbury Christchurch University. He has published widely on policing, particularly on the use of intelligence in criminal investigation, and has also advised various police enquiries.


Understanding Criminal Investigation
Edition: 1st
Format: Paperback
Author: Stephen Tong Robin P Bryant & Miranda A H Horvath
ISBN: 978-0-470-72726-3
Publishers: Wiley-Blackwell
Price: £32.99 / €38.00
Publication Date: October 2009
 
Publisher's Title Information
 

This comprehensive volume deciphers investigative process and practice, providing an authoritative insight into key debates and contemporary issues in crime investigations
Provides critical examination of investigative practice by focusing on the key issues and debates underpinned by academic literature on crime investigation
Outlines the theoretical explanations that provide an understanding of crime investigation and the context in which investigators operate
Illustrates the practical relevance of theoretical contributions to crime investigation
Places clear emphasis on the multi-disciplinary nature of crime investigation
 

Contents
 
Preface.
Acknowledgements.
Chapter 1: Introduction: A brief history of criminal investigation (Stephen Tong).
1.1 The Detective Story.
1.2 Detective Work: Art, craft, or science?
1.3 Overview of the Book.
Chapter 2: Theories of criminal investigation (Robin Bryant).
2.1 Introduction.
2.2 The development of theory.
2.2.1 Studying what works.
2.2.2 Cultural borrowing.
2.2.3 Synthesised models of investigation.
2.3 Investigative models in practice.
2.3.1 'ACCESS' and 'SARA'.
2.3.2 ACPO Murder Investigation Manual.
2.3.3 ACPO Investigation of Volume Crime Manual.
2.3.4 ACPO Core Investigative Doctorine.
2.4 Training and Education.
2.4.1 IPLDP.
2.4.2 ICIDP.
2.4.3 IMSC and SIODP.
2.5 Summary.
Chapter 3: Forms of reasoning and the analysis of intelligence in criminal investigation (Robin Bryant).
3.1 Introduction.
3.2 Investigative theory.
3.3 Forms of reasoning.
3.3.1 Inductive and 'commonsense' reasoning.
3.3.2 Deductive reasoning and argumentation.
3.3.3 'Inductive v. Deductive'.
3.3.4 Abductive reasoning and hypothesis testing.
3.4 The nature of chance.
3.5 Coincidence and the nature of randomness.
3.6 More general forms of bias and fallacy.
3.7 The detective's 'nose': the place of intuition in investigation.
3.8 Summary.
Chapter 4: Geographical and offender profiling (Miranda Horvath).
4.1 Introduction.
4.2 What is the purpose of profiling?
4.3 Profiling assumptions.
4.4 Approaches to Offender Profiling
4.4.1 Inductive profiling.
4.4.2 Deductive profiling.
4.5 Crime Scene Analysis.
4.5.1 Criticisms of Crime Scene Analysis.
4.6 Investigative Psychology.
4.6.1 Criticisms of Investigative Psychology.
4.7 Diagnostic Evaluation.
4.7.1 Criticisms of Diagnostic Evaluation.
4.8 Geographical Profiling.
4.8.1 Criticisms of Geographical Profiling.
4.9 The profiling process.
4.9.1 Typical components of profiles.
4.9.2 Who are profilers and what do they do?
4.10 Summary.
Chapter 5: Eyewitness testimony (Miranda Horvath).
5.1 Introduction.
5.2 The status of eyewitness evidence and procedure in England and Wales.
5.3 Estimator and system variables.
5.3.1 Estimator variables.
5.3.2 Witness factors.
5.3.3 Stress.
5.3.4 Suspect characteristics.
5.3.5 Event characteristics.
5.5 System variables.
5.5.1 Presentation bias.
5.5.2 Line up instruction bias.
5.5.3 Foil and clothing bias.
5.5.4 Children/Young people.
5.5.5 Investigator bias.
5.5.6 The relationship between confidence and accuracy.
5.5.7 Vulnerable witnesses.
5.5.8 Older adults.
5.5.9 Learning disabilities and mental health problems.
5.6 Emerging areas of research and development.
5.7 Summary.
Chapter 6: Investigative interviewing (Lynsey Gozna and Miranda Horvath).
6.1 Introduction.
6.2 A Legacy of problems.
6.3 Police and Criminal Evidence Act.
6.4 PEACE interview training.
6.5 Right to silence.
6.6 Interviewer strategies.
6.7 Future directions.
Chapter 7: Assessing performance: quantity or quality? (Stephen Tong).
7.1 Introduction.
7.2 Measuring crime.
7.3 Police recorded crime figures.
7.4 British Crime Survey (BCS).
7.5 Measuring investigative performance: Process, output and outcome.
7.6 Defining efficiency and effectiveness.
7.7 Detection rates.
7.8 Performance indicators.
7.9 Critique of traditional measures of effectiveness.
7.9.1 Impact of other agencies.
7.9.2 Investigative practices that are ignored.
7.9.3 Impact of performance measurement on motivational Factors.
7.9.4 Dangers of performance criteria.
7.9.5 Political context.
7.9.6 Organisational context.
7.10 Summary.
Chapter 8: Crime investigation in context (Stephen Tong, Robin Bryant and Miranda Horvath).
8.1 Introduction.
8.2 'Proof' or 'Truth': Challenge sin criminal investigation.
8.2.1 Detective craft.
8.3 Investigating sexual offences.
8.3.1 Factors influencing response to rape victims.
8.3.2 New developments.
8.33 Conclusion.
Chapter 9: Professionalising investigation (Stephen Tong).
9.1 Introduction.
9.2 Defining profession.
9.3 Police training.
9.4 Detective training.
9.5 Distinction between police training and education.
9.6 Approaches to learning.
9.6.1 Work place learning.
9.6.2 Mentoring.
9.6.3 Pedagogical approaches.
9.6.4 Andragogical approaches.
9.7 Detective practice: Summary of the literature.
9.8 Investigative reasoning.
9.9 Summary.
Chapter 10: Conclusion: challenges in crime investigation.
Bibliography.
 

The Authors
 
Stephen Tong is Principal Lecturer in Policing at Canterbury Christchurch University. He is currently engaged in developing new and established police programmes and conducting research involving direct mediation in prison. He is also a member of the Higher Education Forum for Learning and Development in Policing.
 
Robin P. Bryant is Director of Criminal Justice Practice in the Department of Law and Criminal Justice Studies at Canterbury Christchurch University. He has published widely on policing, particularly on the use of intelligence in criminal investigation, and has also advised various police enquiries.
 
Miranda A. H. Horvath is Lecturer in Forensic Psychology at the University of Surrey and Assistant Directorthe Crime & Justice @ SurreyInitiative. Her research focuses on sexual violence from an applied social psychological perspective.


Forensic Science in Court: The Role of the Expert Witness
Edition: 1st
Format: Paperback
Author: Wilson Wall
ISBN: 978-0-470-98577-9
Publishers: Wiley-Blackwell
Price: £24.95 / €28.70
Publication Date: November 2009
 
Publisher's Title Information
 

Forensic Science in Court: The Role of the Expert Witness is a practical handbook aimed at forensic science students, to help them prepare as an expert witness when presenting their evidence in court. Written in a clear, accessible manner, the book guides the student through the legal process and shows them how to handle evidence, write reports without ambiguity through to the more practical aspects of what to do when appearing in court. The book also offers advice on what to expect when working with lawyers in a courtroom situation.
An essential text for all students taking forensic science courses who are required to take modules on how to present their evidence in court. The bookalso an invaluable reference for any scientist requested to give an opinion in a legal context.
 
Integrates law and science in an easy to understand format
Inclusion of case studies throughout
Includes straightforward statistics essential for the forensic science student
An invaluable, practical textbook for anyone appearing as an expert witness in court
Unique in its approach aimed at forensic science students in a courtroom environment
 

Contents
 
Introduction: science and the justice system.
 
Chapter One: the law comes from: You don't mess about with The People.
 
Chapter Two:legal system and how it works.
The legal justification for expert witnesses.
Structure of civil and criminal courts.
The correct form of address.
Unusual: coroners courts, courts martial and human rights.
Chapter Three:of evidence as they apply to expert witnesses.
Expert as advocate.
Expert as arbiter.
Of experts by disputing sides and by the court.
Chapter Four:first point of contact, dealing with solicitors.
Written report, structure and content.
Chapter Five:expert in court.
Makes an expert.
You will be expected to contribute to the of the court.
To make the most of your appearance in court.
Chapter Six:and statistical inferences.
Traditional statistical methodology can and cannot tell us.
Statistical nature of databases.
Types of databases: Anonymous and named.
Chapter Seven:considerations for the forensic scientist.
Appendix:for citing law reports.
Glossary Of Commonly Used Terms And Phrases
Index

LINKS

"Internet Law Book Reviews", Copyright Rob Jerrard 2010