"INTERNET LAW BOOK REVIEWS" - Provided by Rob Jerrard LLB LLM (London)

Books from Charles C Thomas Reviewed in 2011


Crime and Elder Abuse: An Integrated Perspective
Edition: 3rd
Format: Hardback
Author: Brian K. Payne
ISBN: 978-0-398-08639-8
Publishers: CC Thomas
Price: £42.74
Publication Date: 2011

Publisher's title Information

The third edition of this unique book offers a criminological foundation from which increased understanding about elder abuse will evolve. The book builds on the previous editions in several ways. New research has been added into each chapter, with more than one hundred new sources added. The tables and figures have been updated, with applied critical thinking questions included to make them more interactive with readers. Chapters 2 through 8 include updated box inserts titled “From the Field,” which include brief overviews of elder abuse aspects. A new additional chapter provides much insight into developing response systems. All chapters start with a brief scenario describing an elderly person's victimization experiences and consequences. Chapter 1 addresses integrating crime and abuse, while Chapter 2 discusses the way that social scientists have gauged the victimization experiences of older adults and the manner in which some disciplines have ignored these incidents. Chapter 3 considers in full detail the specific types of offenses against the elderly and Chapter 4 considers the consequences of those offenses as compared to younger victims. Chapter 5 offers insight into the criminal justice system's response to crimes against the elderly, while the following chapter considers various explanations of crimes against the elderly. The final three chapters address strategies for preventing elder abuse; specific tips for promoting a collaborative response to the abuse; and recommendations for future research, policy, and programs. Additionally, a new appendix including an exercise to understand how older individuals are often trapped in abusive relationships concludes the text. The text will be of significant interest to the fields of criminology, gerontology, psychology, medicine, sociology, and social work. This most up-to-date edition continues to provide the most definitive resource of elder abuse available.

Contents

Preface
CHAPTER ONE: THE YOUNG GET OLDER
AND THE OLDER GET VICTIMIZED
Introduction
Integrating Crime and Abuse
Myths About Crimes Against Older Victims
Summary and Plan of Presentation
CHAPTER TWO: CRIMES COMMITTED AGAINST THE
ELDERLY: WHY HAVE THEY
BEEN IGNORED FOR SO LONG?
Introduction
Conceptual Ambiguity
White-Collar Crime Definitions
Elder Abuse Definitions
Family Abuse Definitions
Political Issues
History of Elder Abuse
Responses to Domestic Violence
Funding of Crimes Against Elderly Persons Research
Magnitude Issues
Methodological Issues
Survey Research and Crimes Against Elderly Persons
Field Studies
Archival Research
Concluding Remarks
CHAPTER THREE:ABUSE IN THE LIVES OF
OLDER ADULTS
Introduction
Physical Abuse
Parent Abuse
Spouse Abuse
Patient Abuse
Other Violent Crimes
Homicides
Sexual Abuse
Financial Abuse
Exploitation by Primary Contacts
Nursing Home Theft
Fraud by Secondary Contacts
Home Repair Fraud
Insurance Fraud
Medical Fraud
Confidence Games
Telemarketing Fraud
Phony Contests Fraud
Other Property Crimes
Neglect
Neglect Committed by Caregivers
Self-Neglect
Abandonment
Psychological Abuse
Institutional Abuse
Health Care Crimes
Patient Dumping
Institutional Financial Fraud
Regulatory Violations
Concluding Remarks
CHAPTER FOUR: VICTIMIZATION EFFECTS, INTERVENTION
MEASURES, AND LEGISLATIVE
CONSEQUENCES
Introduction
Victimization and Vulnerability
Consequences of Victimization
Deprivational Effects
Experiential Effects
Fear of Crime and Elderly Crime Victims
Intervention and Elder Abuse
Institutional Placement
Medical Services
Social Services
Therapeutic Services
Educational Services
Legal Interventions
Positive Consequences of Crimes Against Elderly Victims
Protective Services Legislation
Restitution Laws
Legal Services Funding Legislation
Mandatory Reporting Laws
Concluding Remarks
CHAPTER FIVE: DETECTING, INVESTIGATING, AND
RESPONDING TO CRIMES AGAINST ELDERLY
PERSONS: A SYSTEMS APPROACH
Introduction
Adult Protective Services and Elder Abuse
The Criminal and Civil Justice Systems and Elder Abuse
The Police and Crimes Against Elderly Persons
Assessment
Enforcement
Support and Referral
Medicaid Fraud Control Units
Triads
Law Enforcement Gerontology
Local, Private, and Volunteer Efforts
The Courts and Crimes Against Elderly Persons
The Role of the Criminal Prosecutor
Criminal Court Versus Civil Court
Volunteer Court Programs, Legal Aid Societies, and Crimes Against
Elderly Persons
Improving the Court Response to Crimes Against Seniors
Corrections and Crimes Against Elderly Persons
Criminal Sanctions
Civil Sanctions
A Note about the Justice System and Institutional Abuse
Concluding Remarks
CHAPTER SIX: UNDERSTANDING AND EXPLAINING CRIMES
AGAINST SENIORS: ELDER ABUSE AND
CRIMINOLOGICAL THEORIES
Introduction
The Role of Theory in Understanding Elder Abuse
Theories Explaining Crimes Against Elderly Persons
Elder Abuse Explanations
Intraindividual Explanations
Stress
Dependency
Transgenerational Violence
Symbolic Interactionism
Isolation
Rationalizations by Abusers
Patriarchal Theory
Explaining Abuse in Nursing Homes
Criminological Explanations
Deterrence Theory
Strain Theory
Differential Association
Control Theory
Routine Activities Theory
Social Disorganization Theory
Concluding Remarks
CHAPTER SEVEN: PREVENTING ELDER ABUSE: AN
INTEGRATED APPROACH
Introduction
Individual Strategies to Prevent Elder Abuse and Fraud
Empowering Seniors to Prevent Victimization
Familial Caregivers and Elder Maltreatment Prevention
Provider Strategies to Prevent Elder Mistreatment
Awareness about the Possibility of Elder Mistreatment
Watching for Signs of Mistreatment
Effectively Documenting Suspected Mistreatment
Institutional Strategies to Prevent Abuse
Criminal Justice/Social Services Strategies
Education as a Criminal Justice/Social Service Strategy
Community Service Strategies to Prevent Elder Abuse
Investigation/Enforcement as a Crime Prevention Strategy
Empowerment as a Crime Prevention Strategy
Legislative Strategies
Mandatory Reporting Laws
Penalty Enhancement Statutes
Criminal Background Checks
The Elder Justice Act
Concluding Remarks
CHAPTER EIGHT: STOPPING ELDER ABUSE USING
COLLABORATIVE RESPONSE: TIPS AND
SUGGESTIONS
Introduction
Shallow Definitions Must Be Avoided
Theory Must Be Applied to be Useful
Options Must Be Responsive and Collaborative
Principles of Collaboration Should Be Followed
Educators Must Be Involved in the Collaborative Effort
Leadership Is Needed
Differentiate Among Elder Abuse
Empowerment Should be an Ideal
Research Should Guide Elder Abuse Prevention/Intervention
Advocate for Prevention
Barriers to Collaboration Must Be Recognized
Anomie as Goal Confusion
Anomie as Role Confusion
Anomie as Lack of Agreement about Definitions of Elder Abuse
Anomie as Lack of Focus on Victim
Anomie as Aggressive Responses
Anomie as Strain on Workers
Anomie as Strain on Victims
Anomie as Lack of Training
Anomie as Ageism
Anomie as Unclear Laws
Understanding and Training Go Hand in Hand
Experiment with New Strategies
CHAPTER NINE: RECOMMENDATIONS FOR FUTURE
POLICY AND RESEARCH
Introduction
Concluding Remarks
Appendix
References
Index


High risk Patrols - Reducing the Danger to You
Edition: 2nd
Format: Hardback
Author: Gerald W Garner
ISBN: 978-0-398-08618-3
Publishers: CC Thomas
Price: £37.99
Publication Date: 2010
 

Publisher's Title Information

This book is designed and intended to help the police officer survive. It provides a general orientation for survival, and details the specifics the intelligent police professional must master in order to survive the many types of potentially risky situations he will be exposed to over a career. The book details everything from searching a prisoner to searching a building; arresting a 300-pound outlaw biker or a surly teenager. The volume is painstakingly thorough in its approach to officer survival. The officer who reads it can afford to be no less thorough as he or she applies its practical information to the street situations they will encounter. Also discussed are personal preparations for risk reduction, including mental attitude as well as physical skills and training. Some “special” dangers are also discussed, including off-duty confrontations and the emotional hazards of the job. The practical police officer should find the book's layout of particular value. At the end of each vital chapter, a quick and concise “Risk Reduction Checklist” is presented. These chapter summaries are excellent for review and merit rereading by the police professional intent on surviving to a healthy retirement. An Appendix has been included containing informative accounts of police deaths, culled from the “Law Enforcement Officers Killed and Assaulted” report put together by the Federal Bureau of Investigation. Other accounts are also to be found at the end of each chapter. Each one makes a point by way of grim example, yet every tragedy described can help to save the life of an alert police reader who might otherwise have become one more statistic.

Contents

Preface
Introduction
Chapter 1. WHAT IS HIGH-RISK PATROL?
What the Statistics Say
Caution vs. Paranoia
Mistakes to Avoid
A Risk Reduction Checklist for High-Risk Patrol
Chapter 2. PERSONAL PREPARATIONS FOR RISK REDUCTION
Survival Skills
Your Firearms Can Save You
Prisoner Control Is Vital
Put Some Light on the Subject
Search in Safety
Cover and Communicate
A Risk Reduction Checklist for Your Personal Preparations
Chapter 3. VEHICLE STOPS AND CONTACTS
Unknown-Risk Stops and Contacts
High-Risk Stops and Contacts
Special Vehicles, Special Threats
A Risk Reduction Checklist for Vehicle Stops and Contacts
Chapter 4. DEFUSING DISTURBANCES
Reducing the Danger
Bar Brawls
Large-Scale Disturbances
Bringing It All Together
A Risk Reduction Checklist for Defusing Disturbances
Chapter 5. DOMESTIC VIOLENCE
Be Aware of the Cycle
Steps for Intervention
A Risk Reduction Checklist for Domestic Violence
Chapter 6. UNDER THE INFLUENCE PEOPLE
Look for the Signs
Don't Underestimate the Danger
Some Safety Guidelines
A Risk Reduction Checklist for Under the Influence People
Chapter 7. SUSPICIOUS PERSONS AND INCIDENTS
Start With a Plan
Making Contact
Checking for Weapons
A Risk Reduction Checklist for Suspicious Persons and Incidents
Chapter 8. BURGLARIES AND STRUCTURE SEARCHES
Gathering Information
Ground Rules for a Safe Search
Safety Steps for Searching
A Risk Reduction Checklist for Burglaries and Structure Searches
Chapter 9. BARRICADES AND HOSTAGE-TAKERS
Types of Offenders
Your Options
Steps to a Solution
What If You Become a Hostage?
A Risk Reduction Checklist for Barricades and Hostage-Takers
Chapter 10. “MAN WITH A GUN” CALLS
Getting the Picture
Planning for Success
Achieving a Safe Surrender
A Risk Reduction Checklist for “Man With a Gun” Calls
Chapter 11. VEHICLE PURSUITS
Bad Things Can Happen
Control Your Adrenaline
Follow the Basics
A Risk Reduction Checklist for Vehicle Pursuits
Chapter 12. STICKUP IN PROGRESS
Asking the Key Questions
Planning for Survival
Off-Duty Dangers
The Final Confrontation
A Risk Reduction Checklist for Stickup in Progress
Chapter 13. AMBUSH ATTACKS
The Concept of Ambush
Mental and Physical Preparations
Implementing a Response
Special Ambush Threats
A Risk Reduction Checklist for Ambush Attacks
Chapter 14. EMOTIONALLY DISTURBED AND MENTALLY ILL PERSONS
What to Look For
Suicides Are Dangerous
Some Suicide Warning Signs
Some Do's and Don't's of Suicide Intervention
A Risk Reduction Checklist for Emotionally Disturbed and Mentally Ill Persons
Chapter 15. SPECIAL DANGERS, SPECIAL RESPONSES
Traffic Accidents
Exotic Weapons
Sharp and Pointed Weapons
Officer Down Responses
Vicious Animals
Infectious Diseases
Wounds and Injuries
A Risk Reduction Checklist for Special Dangers, Special Responses
Chapter 16. OFF-DUTY CONFRONTATIONS
An Ever-Present Danger
Criminal Confrontations
Mistaken Identity Dangers
A Risk Reduction Checklist for Off-Duty Confrontations
Chapter 17. Prisoner Control and Transport
Approach and Positioning
Handcuffing and Searching
Transport
A Risk Reduction Checklist for Prisoner Control and Transport
Chapter 18. TERRORISTIC THREATS
Who Are They?
How Do They Operate?
Dealing with the Threat
Bombs and Booby Traps
A Risk Reduction Checklist for Terrorist Threats
Chapter 19. REDUCING YOUR EMOTIONAL RISKS
The Stats Are Not Good
The Symptoms of Stress
What Can You Do About It?
Some Preventative Measures
A Risk Reduction Checklist for Reducing Your Emotional Risks 233
Appendix
Index

The Author

Gerald W. Garner, a veteran of more than forty years in law enforcement, is chief of police for the city of Greeley, Colorado. He holds a master's degree in Administration of Justice and has authored seven books on a variety of law enforcement subjects. He has published more than 200 magazine and journal articles on law enforcement topics, many of them dealing with the subject of officer safety
and street survival. He teaches widely on policing. Garner's considerable law enforcement experience spans three states and ranges from time spent as a patrolman and street sergeant to roles as an academy director and watch commander. He also has served as a field training officer and field training supervisor. He additionally has worked as a consultant on police procedural and use of force issues.

Special note

 
This book presents practical, proven, commonsense suggestions for responding to the dangers that threaten police officers. They work. But there are alternative means for handling these hazards that under certain circumstances may also work. As a result, the author and publisher accept no responsibility for harm to persons or property resulting from utilization of tactics and procedures suggested in this text.

Preface

A big-city uniformed patrolman, 15 years on the job, stops a vehicle containing a known robbery suspect. He saunters up to the driver's door and is fatally shot for his carelessness.
A sheriff's deputy in a rural Texas county chases down a speeder on an isolated country road. After contacting the driver, he turns to get his summons book from his patrol car. This momentary lapse is all the wanted fugitive needs to shoot the deputy in the back. The officer dies.
Two officerslongtime car partnerstake a drunk into custody and place him, unsearched and unhandcuffed, in the car seat behind them. Each relies on the other to do something neither actually does. And both die needlessly when the drunk produces a handgun.
A rookie officer stops by the corner drugstore for a quick purchase. Her mind in neutral and her thoughts of officer safety suppressed, she walks into a robbery in progress. Stunned, she draws her weapon without clear-cut plan or purpose. She is subsequently killed by a shotgunwielding lookout she never even saw.

American police officers killedmurderedin the line of duty. Officers have been dying with frightening regularity on the paved streets, dirt roads, cluttered apartment landings, and spotless living room carpets of the nation for a long time now. They were dying violent deaths long before anyone thought about formal, organized training in something called officer survival.

Unfortunately, they are still dying violently today even after the last three decades' long-overdue emphasis on police field survival skills. It is obvious that more worka lot more workwill be needed if the nation's peace officers are to reach their potential as guardians of the public while they simultaneously protect themselves from criminal violence. ortunately, it is a job that can be done. It must be.

This book goes a long way toward helping the individual police officer do that vital job. It is designed and intended to help him or her survive. It provides a general orientation for survival, and it details the specifics the intellgent police professional must master to survive the many types of potentially risky situations he will be exposed to over a career. As it must if it is to be really helpful, the book delves into the down-and-dirty, nuts-and-bolts details

of everything from searching a prisoner to searching a building; arresting a 300-pound outlaw biker or a surly teenager. The volume is painstakingly thorough in its approach to officer survival. The officer who reads it can afford to be no less thorough as he applies its practical information to the street situations he encounters.

But a printed narrative, no matter how careful and comprehensive, can only do so much. It can emphasize important principles in such areas as firearms use and self-defence, but it cannot teach complete physical skills, and it cannot instil nearly automatic motor responses. As a result, the wise student of officer survival will supplement this book with personal exposure to skilled, hands-on training in such areas as marksmanship, pursuit driving, come-alongs, and other physical tactics and techniques. By meshing that experience with what he reads here, the safety-conscious police practitioner can become the skilled professional he must be to survive and stay healthy, both physically and emotionally. He can, in sum, drastically reduce the personal risks of high-risk patrol.

G.W.G.
 
Further details can be found on the CC Thoms Website at


POLICE CHIEF: How to Attain and Succeed in this Critical Position
Edition: 1st
Format: Hardback
Authors: Daniel S. McDevitt, Mark W. Field
ISBN: 9780398079574
Publishers: CC Thomas
Price: £42.12
Publication Date: 2010
 

Publisher's Title Information
 
Based on over seventy years of extensive experience at the federal, state, county, and municipal level, the authors draw on current knowledge to provide a thorough overview of the realities of the position of chief of police. The book provides practical, common sense advice for preparing oneself for the position, successfully negotiating the application and screening process, and competing in various selection procedures including the assessment center. The book then addresses negotiating an employee compensation and benefits agreement, and once the position is offered, how to prepare for your first days as a chief of police. It also furnishes sound advice intended to help the chief retain his physical, emotional and ethical health while leading a professional law enforcement agency. Chapter topics include advice on taking control of the police department and setting the agenda in place, emphasizing the extreme importance of role modeling the behavior that the chief expects of department personnel, the requirements for a productive relationship with the command staff, exploring the multifaceted relationship a chief has with his employees, and guidelines for managing relations with collective bargaining units, schools and businesses, and the various elements of the community. It also examines establishing and maintaining your relationship with your superior (whether that is a city manager or elected official), developing and managing a budget, managing the disciplinary process, how to respond when things go wrong (to include officer-involved shootings and other misconduct), and building a good working relationship with the media. Each chapter concludes with a “Points to Remember” section that will be beneficial to the new police chief in order to avoid mistakes and build on the body of knowledge that constitutes professional law enforcement leadership. There are several sample policies, procedures, and forms included in the book that will prove very useful for the new or veteran chief. This resource will be invaluable to all prospective and current chiefs of police, law enforcement professionals, policymakers, and police academics.

Contents
Introduction Chapter 1. PREPARATION Formal Education Professional Training Personal Growth Phases of Leadership Growth Job Assignments/Experiences Administrative/Supervisory Background The Promotional Process Written Examinations Preparatory Reading List 2. DO I REALLY WANT TO DO THIS? Job Security “Starting Over” Fear of the Unknown Self-Awareness & Introspection Sacrifices City Manager Varietal Personalities Working “Without a Net” 3. FINDING A POSITION AND MAKING APPLICATION Job Hunting Rules Residence Agency Size Types of Policing Salary Requirements Minimum Qualifications Resumes Resume vs. Curriculum Vitae 4. INTERVIEWS AND QUESTIONNAIRES Questionnaires Preparing for the Interview Personal and Professional Goals Program Proposals Interviewing Critical Interviewing Errors Personality Tests 5. ASSESSMENT CENTERS Preparation Steps Leaderless Group Discussion Exercise In-Basket Exercise Public Speaking Exercise Citizen Interview Exercise Staff Meeting Exercise News Media Exercise One on One Interview/Counseling Written Exercises 6. RESPONDING TO THE JOB OFFER Compensation/Benefits Proposal 7. YOU’VE GOT THE JOB—GETTING STARTED Selecting Your Command Staff Your Initial Meeting with Personnel Sharing Your Basic Philosophy Common Mistakes of New Chiefs Creating Shared Values Meeting with Union Officials Opening Relationship with Elected Officials Making Effective Decisions Taking Charge 8. BUILDING ESSENTIAL RELATIONSHIPS Relationship with Your Boss Managing Your City Manager Relationships with Elected Officials Relationships with Collective Bargaining Units Proactive Labor-Management Relations Media Relations Community Relationships 9. MANAGING THE BUDGET PROCESS Budget Development Budget Presentation Budget Implementation and Monitoring 10. POLITICAL INVOLVEMENT Large “P” Politics Small “P” Politics Good and Bad Politics 11. PERSONNEL COMPLAINTS AND DISCIPLINES Complaints Chronic Complainers Discipline Serious Discipline and Termination Disciplinary Considerations 12. STAFF INTERACTIONS AND SUCCESSION PLANNING Staff Meetings Staff Assignments Succession Planning Appendix 1: Sample Cover Letter 1 Appendix 2: Sample Cover Letter 2 Appendix 3: Sample Résumé 1 Appendix 5: Sample Curriculum Vitae 1 Appendix 6: Sample Curriculum Vitae 2 Appendix 7: Sample Personal and Professional Goals Appendix 8: Sample Program Proposals for the Police Department Appendix 9: Sample Current Benefits & Salary Package with the Federal Bureau of Investigation Appendix 10: Sample Opening Memorandum to Personnel Appendix 11: Sample Budget Preparation Input Appendix 12: Budget Preparation Process Appendix 13: Sample Suspension Memorandum Index


Technical Traffic Crash Investigators' Handbook (level 3): A Technical Reference, Training, Investigation and Reconstruction Manual (3rd Ed.)
Edition: 3rd
Format: Hardback
Author: R. W. Rivers
ISBN: 978-0-398-07907-9
Publishers: CC Thomas (USA)
Price: $113.95 £72.78
Publication Date: 2010

This expanded and updated third edition continues to be an important reference volume in regards to the principles and techniques involved in advanced traffic accident investigation (Level III technical or advanced level). It has been prepared to meet the requirements of Level III researchers, trainers and investigators, and reconstructionists. Included in the text is an overview of Levels I and II (basic and secondary at-scene and secondary follow-up crash investigations procedures), with advancements covering the technical level of investigation and an in-depth introduction to Level IV (reconstruction) investigations. Each chapter provides clear definitions of and statements about the topics it contains, with graduated sets of solved problems arranged to present a natural development and understanding of the subject matter. The handbook covers in both written and illustrative form those situations that confront the investigator conducting technical or advanced training and investigations. Thorough discussions and exhaustive data are presented on all investigative elements: fundamentals, investigative procedures, physics and mechanics of vehicle behavior, vehicle placement on the highway, speed estimates from all available evidence, hit-and-run accidents, photography, and field measurements and scale diagrams. Numerous photographs, drawings, diagrams, and tables amplify the narrative material. Chapter topics are given contemporary treatment to reflect current practice. Upon proper application of the material presented, the reader should be able to investigate and testify with confidence on all segments of Level III investigation set out in the contents pages and to conduct an accident cause analysis. Continuing the precedent established by the first edition, all mathematical references and examples are worked out in both the United States (Imperial) and the S.I. (metric system). Student and practicing police officers, insurance adjusters and investigators, private investigators, and attorneys will find this book to be an invaluable resource in the resolution of traffic accident investigations.

Foreword by Joseph E. Badger
Contents
Preface
Chapter
1. INTRODUCTION TO TRAFFIC CRASH
Accident Defined
Traffic Accident, Crash and Reconstruction Defined
Series of Events
Series of Events Defined
Objectives of a Traffic Accident Investigation
Parts of an Investigation
Traffic Accident Analysis
Expert Evidence in Accident Reconstruction
Fraud
Classification
Personnel Selection and Training
Levels of Traffic Accident Investigation
Accuracy
Investigators' Inventory
2. THE INVESTIGATION 26
Receiving the Call
Proceeding to the Scene
Arrival at the Scene
Protection of the Scene
The At-Scene Investigation
Highway
Driver
Distractions
Pedestrians
Weather Conditions
Vehicle Inspection
3. VEHICLE BEHAVIOR
Physics, Vehicle Mechanics and Dynamics
Vectors
Speed and Velocity Defined
Momentum
Conservation of Linear Momentum
Center of Mass
Calculating Center of Mass
Effect of Center of Mass on Vehicle Movement
4. VEHICLE PLACEMENT ON HIGHWAY
Highway Marks
Vehicle Damage
Highway Fixtures
Tire Marks
Skid Marks
Vehicle Debris
Investigator's/Student's Notes
5. COEFFICIENT OF FRICTION AND DRAG FACTOR
Definitions
Influences on Skid Distances
Drag Factor Testing
Grade and Superelevation
Test Skids
Speedometer Accuracy Test
Longest Skid Mark Method
Drag Sleds
Drag Sled Construction and Use
Drag Factor Adjustments
Hydroplaning
Roadway Coefficient of Friction (Drag Factor) Guide
6. SPEED ANALYSIS
Introduction to Speed Analysis
Skid Mark Measurements and Speed
Speed, Velocity and Acceleration
Speed Analyses
Braking Capability and Efficiency
Combined Speeds
Continuous Skid Over Different Types of Surfaces
Speed From Yaw and Sideslip Marks
Time and Distance Relationships
Constant Speed and Velocity
Acceleration and Deceleration
Acceleration Factor
Acceleration
Deceleration
Falls, Vaults and Flips and Vaults
Falls
Flips and Vaults
Hydroplaning
Tip and Rollover
Momentum and Speed
Cartesian Coordinate System
Momentum Speed Calculation Preparation
Examples of Speed Analysis Using Conservation of
Linear Momentum 286
7. FAILURE TO REMAIN AT SCENE OF ACCIDENT
8. PHOTOGRAPHY
9. FIELD MEASUREMENTS AND SCALE DIAGRAMS
Reasons to Measure
Measurements to Be Taken
Scale Diagrams
Measuring and Recording
Application of Mathematics
Pythagorean Theorem
Trigonometry
Congruent Triangles
Preparing a Field Sketch and Scale Diagram
Grade
Triangulation Measuring Method
Coordinate Measuring Method
Curves
Angles at Intersections
10. SUMMARY OF TECHNICAL TRAFFIC ACCIDENTFORMULAE AND
SELECTED DERIVATIONS
Part 1: Summary of Formulae and Selected Derivations
Speed and Velocity Conversions
Acceleration and Deceleration Rates
Acceleration Factors
Drag Factor and Coefficient of Friction
Time
Distance
Speedometer Accuracy Test
Slide-to-Stop Speed
Combined Speeds
Continuous Skid on Various Type Surfaces
Speed and Velocity Involving AccelerationDeceleration
Yaw or Sideslip Speed Formulae
Fall Speed Formulae
Flip and Vault Formulae
Tip and Rollover
Momentum and Speed
Hydroplaning Speed
Kinetic Energy and Speed
Height of Center of Mass
Weight Shift
Weight Shift Speed
Motorcycle Formulae
Cycle and Pedestrian Accidents
Grade, Slope, Superelevation
Force
Mass
Weight
Momentum
Radius
Tangent Offset
Work
Part 2: Derivations
Radius
Coefficient of Friction and Drag Factor
Using a Drag Sled
Coefficient of Friction and Drag Factor
Using Test Skids
Slide-to-Stop Speed
Critical Curve Speed (Yaw)
Appendices
Appendix A. Symbols, Constants and Conversion Factors
Appendix B. Conversion Tables
Appendix C. Squares and Square Roots
Appendix D. Table of Trigonometric Ratios
Appendix E. Speed from Yaw Marks
Appendix F. Speed from Skid Marks
Bibliography and Recommended Reading for Further Study
Index

The Author

R. W. (Bob) Rivers is a graduate of Northwestern University Traffic Institute's traffic accident investigation and police management training programs. He completed training with the Canadian Institute of Science and Technology in technical mathematics and areas of physics, studied psychology at the Okanagan Regional College, completed police administration training programs through the Canadian Police College and the University of Minnesota, and patrol management with the IACP. He developed the traffic accident investigation and traffic law enforcement training programs of the Royal Canadian Mounted Police and course training standards for the Canadian Police College, University of Alberta, and the British Columbia Institute of Science and Technology in technical traffic accident investigation. During his 33 years service with the Royal Canadian Mounted Police, Inspector Rivers was employed extensively in general police work, highway patrol, accident investigation, research and planning, and training and development. Since his retirement, Inspector Rivers has authored various internationally-recognized textbooks, acted as a consultant and has assisted in traffic accident investigation training and research studies on an international basis. Since its establishment, he worked for many years as an adjunct faculty member and director of correspondence training with the Institute of Police Technology and Management (IPTM), University of North Florida.
Springfield, Illinois 62704

Preface

This revised third edition of the Technical Traffic Crash Investigators' Handbook (previously published under the title of Technical Traffic Accident Investigators' Handbook, second edition) has been prepared to meet the requirements of Level III (technical or advanced level) researchers, trainers and investigators, and reconstructionists. Included in the text is an overview of Levels I and II (basic and secondary at-scene and secondary follow-up crash investigation procedures), with advancements covering the technical level of investigation and an in-depth introduction to Level IV (reconstruction) investigations.

This revised edition is intended to serve as a reference source for students, educators and investigators in regard to the principles and techniques involved in advanced traffic crash investigation. Many of the chapters and topics appear in the previous edition, but they are now given a contemporary treatment to reflect current practices. Each chapter provides clear definitions of and statements about the topics it contains, with graduated sets of solved problems arranged so as to present a natural development and understanding of the subject matter. As such, it is no mere condensation of ordinary text material but rather a comprehensive approach to technical traffic crash investigation through problem solving.

The handbook covers (in both written and illustrative form) those situations that confront the investigator conducting technical or advanced training and investigations. Upon proper application of the material presented, the reader should be able to investigate and testify with confidence in all the segments of Level III investigation set out in the contents pages and to conduct an accident cause analysis. There are many other textbooks that the reader may wish to consult in order to increase his or her knowledge in the total traffic crash Technical Traffic Crash Investigators' Handbook investigation field. These should include the many applicable areas of physics, psychology, and vehicle mechanics many titles of which can be found in the “Bibliography and Recommended Reading for Further Study” pages at the end of the handbook. This list is also recommended by the author as works that should be considered by the practitioner for acquisition to form part of a reference library.

Continuing the practice followed in previous editions, all mathematical references and examples are worked out in both the United States (Imperial) and the SI (metric) systems. In many of the problem examples, exact conversions from United States to the SI system are not made in order to avoid unnecessary use of multiple decimal places in the latter. The corresponding values that appear in these cases should therefore be considered approximations. To assist the reader, however, examples are worked out separately for each system and should be treated as independent of each other to avoid confusion. For persons wishing to make precise conversions from one system to the other, conversion factors and constants will be found in Appendix A.

In the preparation of this handbook, it is recognized that at present, English does not have a third-person singular personal pronoun that can be used to refer to someone of either gender. While several methods purporting to overcome this deficiency are in vogue, they tend to be either cumbersome or restrictive and are often grammatically annoying to readers of both genders, particularly when applied in a lengthy text covering many diverse topics.

It is hoped that the degree to which these subjects are covered in this work will stimulate further research and study which, with application of the principles and techniques presented here, will enable the reader to acquire an even higher degree of professionalism in the traffic crash investigation field.

In some cases, the third-person masculine singular pronoun forms he, his, him are used in the text to refer to a person of either gender. However, such use is in no way intended to suggest that vehicle crash investigation is the exclusive preserve of men or that women are less adept than men in this field. It is appreciated that there are a great number of women investigators, and the author asks their understanding in regard to the sometimes-grammatical usage in the text. R W R
 

LINKS
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