"INTERNET LAW BOOK REVIEWS" Provided by Rob Jerrard LLB LLM (London)

Rowman & Littlefield Publishing Group, Scarecrow Press, AltaMira Press, Lexington Books, University Press of America

Advocacy Journalists
A Biographical Dictionary of Writers and Editors
Edition: 1st
Format: Hardback
Author: Edd Applegate
ISBN: 978-0-8108-6928-8
Publishers: Scarecrow Press (Rowman & Littlefield)
Price: 31.95
Publication Date: May 2009

Publisher's Title Information
In all likelihood advocacy journalism is the oldest form of reportage. It appears frequently whenever journalists desire to advocate their beliefs or ideas about major political or social problems. In Advocacy Journalists: A Biographical Dictionary of Writers and Editors, Edd Applegate identifies the most notable figures in this field. Each entry contains biographical information about a writer or editor who either wrote advocacy journalism or edited one or more publications that featured such material.
Entries consist of discussions of the journalists' lives, professional careers, major works, and, in some cases, commentary on those works. Among those profiled here are such notables as Ambrose Bierce, William F. Buckley Jr., Eldridge Cleaver, Daniel Defoe, Germaine Greer, Pete Hamill, Karl Marx, H. L. Mencken, George Orwell, Thomas Paine, Wilfrid Sheed, Gloria Steinem, and Jonathan Swift.
Unlike other books that focus on the form of advocacy journalism itself or how and why it developed, this book focuses on the lives of journalists and editors and their contributions to advocacy journalism. For scholars, teachers, and students of journalism, along with general readers who wish to discover more about advocacy journalism, this volume is an important and accessible resource.

The Author
Edd Applegate is professor in the School of Journalism, College of Mass Communication, at Middle Tennessee State University. He is the author of The Ad Men and Women: A Biographical Dictionary of Advertising (1994) and Muckrakers: A Biographical Dictionary of Writers and Editors (Scarecrow, 2008).
More information on the Scarecrow Website.

Technology Law
What Every Business (And Business-Minded Person) Needs to Know
Edition: Revised Edition
Format: Paperback
Author: Mark Grossman
ISBN: 978-0-8108-6651-5
Publishers: Scarecrow Press (The Rowman & Littlefield Publishing Group, Inc)
Price: $45
Publication Date: May 2009
Publisher's Title Information

Based on a series of previously published articles, Technology Law adopts a reader-friendly approach to the problems
and issues facing those of us who depend on technology to make a living. Avoiding technical jargon, this book offers
simple explanations of why certain laws exist, what they mean, and suggestions for responding to them responsibly and
In this revised edition, Mark Grossman addresses developments that have taken place over the past five years in the
rapidly changing world of technology law. This edition incorporates new and updated articles that address the many
changes since the publication of the first edition. The book is logically structured so that, though its chapters deal with a
multitude of topics, related articles are grouped together. The book's broad scope engages with issues in technology law
across a wide spectrum of business areas. Those who deal with technology in any capacity will find much value in this
important volume.

The Author
Mark Grossman is a shareholder in the law firm Grossman Law Group and has been a regular columnist for the
Miami Herald.
More Details on the Scarecrow Press Website


The Blackstone of Military Law
Edition: 2009
Format: Paperback
Author: Colonel William Winthrop
Joshua E. Kastenberg
ISBN: 978-0-8108-6177-0
Publishers: Rowman & Littlefield Publishing Group (Scarecrow Press)
Price: $65
Publication Date: Apr 2009
Publisher's Title Information

Colonel William Winthrop singularly was the most influential person in developing the military law of the United States. A half century ago, the Supreme Court tendered to Winthrop the title, "The Blackstone of Military Law," meaning simply that his influence outshone all others. He has been cited over 20 times by the highest court and well over a 1,000 times by other federal courts, state courts, and legal texts. In this, he surpasses most other legal scholars, save Joseph Story, John Marshall, or Felix Frankfurter. But while biographies of each of these Supreme Court Justices have been written, there has been none to date on Winthrop.
The Blackstone of Military Law: Colonel William Winthrop is the first biography on this important figure in military and legal history. Written in both a chronological and thematic format, author Joshua E. Kastenberg begins with Winthrop's legal training, his involvement in abolitionism, his military experiences during the Civil War, and his long tenure as a judge advocate. This biography provides the necessary context to fully appreciate Winthrop's work, its meaning, and its continued relevance.

The Author
Joshua E. Kastenberg is an active duty officer in the United States Air Force, assigned to the Judge Advocate General's Corps. He has served as a legal advisor to a number of commands, including combatant commands and forward deployed operations.
More Details on the Scarecrow Press Website


Language and Demeanour in Police-Citizen Encounters
Edition: 1st
Format: Paperback
Author: Phillip Chong Ho Shon
ISBN: 978-0-7618-4084-8
Publishers: University Press of America
Price: 19.95
Publication Date: July 2008
Publisher's Title Information

Language and Demeanour in Police-Citizen Encounters offers an alternative explanation of police behaviour that provides a significant departure from past and current studies of the police. This book is based on the analysis of talk that occurs between police officers and citizens during routine calls for service that the police receive and initiate. Author Philip Chong Ho Shon uses transcripts from actual conversations between the police and the public to demonstrate the tenuous link between peace and social disorder.
Language and Demeanour in Police-Citizen Encounters provides a practical and situated glimpse at the way police officers verbally exercise their coercive power during routinely occurring interactions with the public.

Table of Contents
1. Introduction To The Technology Of Talk
2. Data And Methodology
3. Television And Talk In Cops
4. Police Talk: Conversations Between The Police And The Public
5. "What I Look Like Fightin' Him?": What Domestic Disputants Tell The Police
6. Conclusion: Coercion, Rhetoric, And Language In A Time Of Change

The Author
Phillip Chong Ho Shon is Assistant Professor of Criminology at Indiana State University. He holds a Bachelor's Degree in Philosophy, a Master's Degree in linguistics, and a Ph.D. in criminal justice.

In the conclusion to this book, the author states that what he has written is not a "radical departure" from but "merely a logical extension" of other work on police-citizen encounters. I would argue that Phillip Shon is being unduly modest, admirable traits for the author of a text, but not required for the author of the foreword. Language and Demeanour in Police-Citizen Encounters represents a radical departure from prior works on the topic, breaking new ground by situating such encounters in the dynamic details of communicative practices. One wonders why, given the extensive nature of research on the topic and its applied significance, such a study has been so long in coming.
Even though police-citizen encounters consist of mundane talk, research has consistently focused on outcome variables, abstract theorizing, conceptual models and pre-specified coding schemes that consistently bleach the interaction order from view. Shon, on the other hand, takes the P-C encounter as a topic in its own right rather than as an unexplicated and taken-for-granted resource, that is to say, as a topic prior to the interaction being domesticated into the aims of the researcher's analytic project. In so doing, we gain a rare glimpse into the co-constructed and interactive processes of police-citizen encounters that provide the infrastructure of policing as a socio-legal institution.
Given the focus on the micro-discursive order, one might expect that more classic concerns in the literature of policing would be given short shrift in the analysis. However, this isn't the case here. Shon is well versed not only in the study of language use but policing as well, integrating both realms in a sophisticated analysis. For example, the reader is given a rare treat in Chapter 5 on the discourse of domestic violence as the dispute unfolds in the mediating presence of the officer. Shon's analysis reveals how the Minneapolis study and subsequent replications ignore a crucial aspect of domestic cases: how the parties frame the argument, evaluate their own and each other's claims, and provide evidence for those claims as the attending officer attempts to steer the talk towards a less emotional trajectory to determine the facts of the case (of course, this type of balanced analysis should be expected as Shon took his Ph.D. in criminal justice and did early graduate work in linguistics).
One final feature of the book is worth mentioning. Most of the data Shon uses comes from the COPS television program and, as Shon notes, some researchers claim that media mediated participation structures fail to portray policing in accurate light. Rather than engage in an epistemological and ontological debate or invidious comparisons between TV police work and "real" police work, Shon builds the distinction into his analysis by showing how multiple frames of police activity are contextualized and recontextualized from the police-citizen exchange to the narrated exchange for the viewing audience (and vice versa), enriching the analysis in a thoroughly interactive Goffmanian and conversation analytic study. I let the author take the stage from here.
Gregory M. Matoesian

Encounters between the police and the public that go awry, and result in the shooting of unarmed civilians periodically fill the airwaves and television sets across the U.S.; and just when the footage of the last notorious encounter is ready to be archived into storage rooms, another such occurrence reopens the wounds that might have begun to heal, and keeps the dust from ever settling on those old boxes. In my own time, I grew up watching the events of the Rodney King incident and its devastating aftermaths; in my own hometown, the Haggerty shooting received just as much press coverage, with the late Johnny Cochran serving as counsel for the victim's family. New York City has also experienced its share of police-citizen encounters that have served as catalyst for mass demonstrations and protests against police misconduct.
These cases not only reveal the tenuous link between peace and social disorder, but also the one between the police and the public, especially in minority communities where the historical baggage of bad policing and white supremacy still weigh heavily in the consciousness of residents. But before we can even undertake the task of explicating such problems and proposing remedies, we must first understand why those types of routine police-citizen encounters go wrong; and even before that, we must first give an accounting of how such encounters are socially organized and unfold in its own right. That is to say that to understand the spectacular, the routine and the mundane must first be explained. And that is what this book attempts to do. It begins with an examination of how the police and the public behave during their encounters by analyzing the way they talk to one another.
The office of the police represents one of the most symbolically visible inconsistencies of a democratic state. Police officers represent the public face of coercion, and the unadulterated powers of the state; yet, how such power is exercised, besides the intermittent voyeuristic glimpses of its wrongful exercise, is a question that has largely been unaddressed. It is my contention that the social and interactional order of police-citizen encounters is (re)produced, reified, and contested during moments of communication; that meaning, ideology, and demeanour come alive during such banal conversational moments. Hence, police power operationalized as the number of tickets written, vehicles summoned, and shots fired is rather uninteresting; how that office is embodied and transformed from an abstract and amorphous inkblot into a palpable and roaring entity through discourse is a much more theoretically titillating and empirically enticing way of approaching the study of police and society.
Phillip C. Shon


There is no doubt that language is one of the most important faculties that we possess. It is equally true that for Police Officers two of the most important aspects of any Police Citizen encounter are the opening and closing words. What was a peaceful situation can easily be changed by the wrong approach. This book gives many examples, however I would like to give one of my own.
As a twenty-seven year old Probationary Constable, who had previously served twelve years in the Royal Navy, I was sent out with a much younger PC, who was supposed to be 'showing me the ropes'. A Taxi Driver turned right when the sign indicated Ahead Only. The young PC said to the Taxi Driver 'Are you taking the piss'? After which it all went downhill. When the situation was settled I told the PC that I was returning to the Station on my own because there was no way I intended allowing him to instruct me as he needed to learn how to address people, even if they were in the wrong. This was a minor offence and surely a polite word would have been better.
This book is organized in the following manner.
Chapter 1 begins with an accessible theoretical overview of the key analytical terms that will be used throughout the book; using these terms, the author demonstrates the "technical" character of talk.
Chapter 2 presents the two sets of data that are used in this book: transcriptions of actual P-C encounters and mass-mediated P-C encounters. Along with a detailed description of the mass-mediated data, the Author provides a particularly emphasized rationale for its use as a source of data for police studies, and a resource in its own right.
Chapter 3 provides an empirical rationale to the validity of using mass- mediated P-C encounters by comparing the internal order and social organization of talk in "real" P-C encounters and mass-mediated ones.
Chapter 4 examines the structural features of talk between the police and citizens as an embodiment of demeanor in routine P-C encounters. Aside from merely describing the contents of the talk between the police and the public, the Author demonstrates how it's contextual and mechanical features function as a form of coercion for those who wield it. This chapter is concerned with outlining some of the basic conversational features of talk, and how they contribute to the speakers' interactional aims. Using ordinary conversations as a reference point, the Author demonstrates how talk between the police and citizens differ from other institutional discourses and natural conversations. This chapter also provides an empirical bite to the primary theoretical question raised in the earlier chapters; that is how the police actually go about exercising their coercive authority. By examining the sequential organization of talk in P-C encounters, the Author illustrates the way police officers socialize citizens into the bureaucratic order of talk. This point, as it intersects with the study of citizens' demeanor, theory of coercive power, and its manifestation, demonstrates the sequential exercise of coercive power.

Chapter 5 begins with empirically titillating and theoretically relevant question: what does a domestic dispute look like if it is conversationally represented? This chapter examines the way domestic disputes are sequentially organized as conversational narratives, and the methods disputants use to attribute blame, put themselves forward, and discredit the moral character of their into factional foes. The Author demonstrates in detail some of the conversational tactics that disputants employ to discredit each other and portray themselves in a morally favourable light.
Chapter 6 integrates the empirical findings of previous chapters, and reconciles the interactional order of P-C encounters as a collaboratively and mutually accomplished affair. While the capacity of the police to exercise coercion is absolute, its routine practice is not. As the Author shows, that brute power is often mitigated and softenedcloaked under a guise of sociality. Thus, in addition to the physical capacity of the police to coerce, the Author uncovers and expands on the verbal embodiment of their power. These insights are then critically discussed in the context of community policing. Finally, he discuss some of the limitations inherent in works such as this, and offer other scholars avenues for future research.
The book even tells us that 'Have a nice day' may not mean what it says because the Author tells us, 'In my informal interviews with the police, several officers mentioned a colleague who had a rather extensive complaint file. They related to me that most of those complaints came from motorists who had been angered at the ticketing officer's condescending demeanor as he was issuing the ticket; they said that the officer would say the phrase with a smirk and in a belittling manner, and that was what the motorists found so indignant. Of course, when supervisors would look into the officer's file, what they'd find is that the officer had merely said, "have a nice [good] day" to the citizens, a charge that is hardly sanctionable.
This is an American book, however the principles it examines are just as important in the UK.
Rob Jerrard

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"Internet Law Book Reviews" Copyright Rob Jerrard 2009