Only Pictures? Therapeutic work with internet sex offenders
Authors: Ethel Quayle, Marcus Erooga, Louise Wright, Max Taylor, & Dawn Harbinson.
Publishers: Russell House
Publisher's Title Information
Many practitioners are now confronted with the need to
provide either therapy or effective management of internet sex offending. This
timely book will help them do this well, by enabling more focused intervention
with those who are seeking help as well as those who have committed offences.
It is based on significant collaborative work with those engaged in research
and treatment provision to people in the target groups. It will help
practitioners learn more about Internet-related offending; and about how using
a cognitive behaviour therapy approach might help their clients learn about
their problematic behaviour and ways in which they might effect change. Readers
will learn about · sexual offences and the Internet · cognitive behaviour
therapy approaches · how these approaches might be applied to the specific
By identifying offence-specific targets, the book will help practitioners
Discriminate between different client presentations
Assess the problem target
Draw up an appropriate intervention programme
Evaluate the effects of the implemented programme. Invaluable to
anyone researching or practising in this area in: child protection, social
work, psychology, policing, probation, and criminology.
Abuse images and the internet. Theories of child sexual abuse and the role of cognitive behaviour therapy. The process of offending and the internet. Images ARE children. Fantasy and its escalation. Emotional avoidance. Social activity and internet images. Collecting images. Maintaining change.
There has been a gradual literary response to the problem of how to explain and manage individuals perpetrating sexual crimes using the modern technologies provided by the Internet. The COPINE Project in Cork have been at the forefront of pushing the boundaries of our understanding and this has ensured that the materials and knowledge from literature and their own research have been tested in practice, to see whether materials can be developed to assist busy frontline staff in responding with a robust and reliable evidence-base. The author line up reflects the range of operational staff involved in such a venture and fortunately this spans social care as well as criminal justice, since many of the individuals presenting are not convicted. In the absence of any mandate, perpetrator-denial is an added problem to be expected and challenged effectively. This exceptionally well-written and insightful book is designed to provide essential information to staff pondering on how best to intervene, change or alternatively manage safely, the risk such people pose. This timely book will also help them learn about sexual offences and the Internet and cognitive behaviour therapy approaches. The authors explore a lot of essential territory very succinctly spanning theories of child sexual abuse and the role of cognitive behaviour therapy, the process and problematic internet use, the role of fantasy and its escalation, emotional avoidance, social activity and collecting images. The book is functional across a number of domains: literary overviews, insightful analysis and suggestions for practical exercises in the face-to-face work. It is for this reason that the book has such huge appeal and potential to inform current practice. A must for anyone wanting to get an informed understanding of the motivations and modus operandi of internet sex offenders
Martin C Calder
Viewing child Pornography on the Internet
Authors: Edited by Ethel Quayle and Max Taylor
Publishers: Russell House Publishing
Publisher’s Title Information
How can we understand offending and victimisation processes in relation to abuse images and the Internet? This book offers unique and deep insights into ways of thinking about this challenging problem. The contributors are amongst the foremost researchers and practitioners in this field, and their groundbreaking chapters lay down the foundations for systematic and critical development of knowledge and understanding. They address:
The empirical evidence
Legal and law enforcement provision
Conceptual and practical understanding of the offending process and the management of offenders
For anyone involved in therapy or management of Internet child pornography offenders and victims, this important book will develop professional knowledge and practice, and extend thinking in new directions.
Contents: Tackling child pornography: the approach in England and Wales. Combating online child pornography in Australia. The varieties of child pornography production. Compliant child victims: confronting an uncomfortable reality. Behind the screen: Children who are the subject of abusive images. Identifying victims of child abuse images. Understanding sexually abusive youth: new research and clinical directions. What sort of person could do that? Psychological profiles of Internet pornography users. A relational frame approach to the psychological assessment of sex offenders. The Internet as a therapeutic medium? Interpol and crimes against children. Global issues and regional cooperation fighting child exploitation.
This book is tackling an important issue in current times where there is considerable effort to seek to understand the offence of child pornography and the management of the offenders, as well as helping the victims of sexual abuse.
The Editor Ethel Quayle is a Lecturer in the Department of Applied Psychology, University College, Cork, and researcher with the COPINE Project in Cork. Max Taylor is Professor of Applied Psychology, University of Cork and Director of the COPINE Project.
The authors have all done work in the area of child sex abuse. This includes Alistair Gillespie who considers the tackling of child pornography in the UK and Wales. Tony Crone throws some light on combating online child pornography in Australia. There are a total of 12 chapters in the book with contributions made by a number of experts or specialists in the area of dealing with sex abuse problems. The book hopes to answer the following questions by approaching it from a number of perspectives: "How can we understand offending and victimisation processes in relation to abuse images and the Internet?"
The book attempts to avoid the uncritical media comments on the subject of child pornography over the Internet.
Four broader areas are exploited in the chapters that follow: 1) The empirical evidence; 2) legal and law enforcement provision; 3) conceptual and practical understanding of the offending process and the management of offenders; 4) victim issues. Other areas which receive attention are the development of programmes to promote therapy for offenders, to differentiate this type of sex offender from others. Preventive procedures are also considered.
The book is intended most especially for those involved in the assessment and therapy or management of Internet child pornography offenders as well as victims of such offending.
Chapter 4 is concerned with a highly controversial issue: "Compliant child victims: Confronting an uncomfortable reality". Chapter 7 concerns itself with understanding sexually abusive youths and new research and clinical directions. It is an area in which the current writer has himself done research.
The authors of a number of the chapters feel that the current situation of sexual abuse is probably much larger than what is known at present. Current awareness of child sex abuse through the Internet and pornography apparently has a long history. As early as 1847 post cards were produced with erotic scenes some of which involved children. A number of conferences have been held discussing the legal, psychological and social perspectives of child pornography over the Internet. In recent times, certainly the law has been tightened in the area of child pornography referring to the production, distribution and viewing of photographs depicting the abuse of children.
Among the other contributors of the book are Psychologists, a Detective Chief Inspector from the UK, a Barrister and a variety of Academics and Practitioners in the area of Psychology.
A number of organisations have sought to help offenders including Donald Finlater from the Lucy Faithful Foundation. An effort was made to seek amnesty for Internet offenders so that they might seek help without the threat of punishment, but this was met with criticism. The Internet itself can provide help for offenders as well as the use of self-administered therapy or self-help approaches.
This is a book with a substantial input of academic and research material. It considers both the victim as well as the offender. It is a book likely to appeal to specialists in child abuse work, as well as Probation Officers, the Police specialising in child abuse and vulnerable children, Social Workers, Psychologist and Psychiatrists.
L F Lowenstein
The RHP Companion To Youth Justice
by Tim Bateman and John Pitts
Publishers: Russell House Publishing
Price £29.95 RRP UK
Publication Date: 2005
Publisher’s information on the book
text should assist the education of a more professional, practitioner workforce
and promote a more balanced public debate about youth justice. If it does so it
will have served a noble purpose."
From the Foreword by Professor Rod Morgan, Chair of the Youth Justice
Board for England and Wales. In recent years, youth justice has drawn in new
groups of professionals and volunteers and impacted on all the agencies and
organisations working with young people in trouble. While most will know something about this complex and changing
field, few will feel that they know enough.
This major new resource offers the most comprehensive and authoritative
CONTENTS AND CONTRIBUTORS.
Introduction Tim Bateman & John Pitts
Youth crime and the youth justice apparatus.
The recent history of youth justice in England and Wales John Pitts.
Youth crime in England and Wales Tim Bateman & John Pitts.
Youth justice in other UK jurisdictions: Scotland and Northern Ireland Bill Whyte.
The role of central government and the Youth Justice Board Rob Allen.
Youth justice at local level Roy Tomlinson.
legal framework for youth justice and its administration Sue Bandalli.
The principles of youth justice. Children’s human rights and youth justice Geoff Monaghan.
The welfare principle Sarah Curtis.
Proportionality in the youth justice system
The process of youth justice.
The policing of young people Alan Marlow.
The role of the appropriate adult Denis Jones.
Reprimands and final warnings Sandy Pragnell. The role of the courts Chris Stanley. Remand management Sue Thomas.
The role of family placement in the youth justice system Ann Wheal and Ena Fry.
The referral order Rod Earle.
Youth offending teams Ros Burnett.
Court reports Tim Bateman.
Risk and protection Jill Annison.
Electronic monitoring Dick Whitfield.
Community interventions Patricia Gray.
Work with young people whose offending is persistent: Intensive supervision and surveillance programmes Charlie Beaumont.
Enforcement Tina Eadie & Rob Canton.
The use of custody for children and young people Ann Hagell.
and policy Tim Bateman.
Face to face work in youth justice.
The young person - worker relationship Susan Bachelor & Fergus McNeil.
Groupwork with young people who offend Tim Chapman.
Restorative justice and youth justice Guy Masters.
Family group conferencing in youth justice Peter Gill.
Mentoring in youth justice David Porteous.
Working with parents Carole Pickburn, Sarah Lindfield & John Coleman.
Preventive work in youth justice Howard Williamson.
Working with victims in youth justice Brian Williams.
with volunteers in the youth justice system Tamara Flanaghan.
Debates and controversies in Youth Justice.
Girls in the youth justice system Loraine Gelsthorpe.
Race, crime and youth justice Anita Kalunta-Crumpton.
Beyond formalism: Towards informal approaches to youth crime and youth justice Barry Goldson.
The criminal victimisation of children and young people John Pitts.
What the evidence tells us John Pitts and Tim Bateman.
REVIEW by Brian Rowland
This is a book with a formidable list of contributors, virtually all of whom can be considered as coming with a non - custodial sentencing background. This is only to be expected, as generally speaking nobody wants to see young people incarcerated inside walls of any description and this must be especially so when the contributors are involved with youth justice. Having said that, it is important when dealing with young offender crime, to remember that all too often so many young offenders, in common with their non - offending contemporaries, do not have, as is so often described, parents, but rather just one parent. The breakdown of so many marriages and partnerships is something that is all too often overlooked when dealing with the behaviour, in all its forms, of young people in these modern fast moving-times. It can be all too easy to blame the parents when in fact there is only one parent struggling to maintain a home and a family.
Unfortunately this book went to press before it became known that Martin Narey had resigned the post of Chief Executive of the National Offender Management Service. The linking of the Prison and Probation Services was never going to be easy and to have a new face in charge in mid stream as it were, will make the fusion of two so totally different bodies into one cohesive whole, a task that really needed a lengthy period of continuity, something which will now be missing. The successor will have a difficult task in taking over a job, only part done.
Youth Justice is never easy to define. Ages differ and justice is so often linked with crime rather than offending behaviour. Much of the anti social behaviour experienced today is not regarded as criminal, when from the public point of view it very definitely is. Every so often the goal posts on what constitutes a reportable crime are changed, so statistics get skewed and the fear of crime is often increased. The one constant is that offending, in all its forms, very largely begins in the teens and ends in the early twenties. It is no coincidence that so much of our criminal law makes special provision for that age range. The Table on page 15 derived from the Criminal Statistics for England and Wales is a prime example. Theft and handling are lumped together, whereas the detection rate for those offences, so beloved by the Home Office, differ widely. Theft detection rates are low, whereas handling cases always show a near 100% clear up rate, because handling offences only occur when a person is arrested. Likewise, and for the same reason, theft by shoplifting provides a welcome fillip to the detected figures.
The poor quality of the educational abilities of many juvenile offenders, highlighted in Audit Commission and National Audit Office reports, express shortcomings in the education system in dealing with young people, but these same shortcomings have always been apparent and in the reviewer's opinion have much to do with the class structure that still lingers so strongly in this country. They are not helped in the chopping and changing of learning practices that seems to take place as often as changes of government. Those with limited learning ability have trouble coping with one a system, let alone two or more during their educational cycle. Perhaps those responsible for youth justice and the contents of this book will take note.
The establishment of Crime and Disorder Partnerships did not start on the right note when they were left a lot of local discretion, which inevitably gave the leadership to the police, because they were better equipped to deal with crime and disorder and not only with regard to having the tools to do the job, but also enjoying that most useful resource, namely finance. Whereas local authorities were struggling to deal with the additional burdens being placed upon them by central government, the police service was enjoying the bonuses of extra money being provided. It calls in question whether the equality of Partnerships has been properly considered and may well be the cause of the Public Accounts Committee reporting that despite £1 billion being expended on the 376 Partnerships, fewer than half believe that their work has led to a reduction in crime.
The ages relating to youth justice is a matter that seems to need adjusting One must doubt the reasons for raising the age of a young person from 17 to 18 when at the same time adulthood seems to come at a much earlier age. The concern about teenage pregnancies and the age of suffrage being reduced to 16, both point in the opposite direction. The reviewer sees a strong case for providing the courts with discretion to determine where a young offender might ultimately be dealt with. A burly determined and aggressive 14 year old needs different treatment through the criminal justice system than does a youngster of similar age with poor intelligence and low esteem. Age is not the best determinate when dealing with many factors in life and this, in the reviewer's judgement, is especially so with regard to the criminal justice system when naming and shaming becomes an issue.
This book is an excellent expose of what is available in the field of Youth Justice, but that itself is at a youthful stage and much of the contents are untried over an extended period. Whether in the long run, throwing a great mass of complicated legislation at the problem will produce a desired result, only time will tell, but things will not improve if young offenders are put back to poor parents, or worse still a single parent, and social services and probation staff, already stretched beyond their limits, are expected to produce results when provided resources are limited. It is essential that resources are available so that commencement dates for legislation become a thing of the past, rather than an intricate mess in textbooks over lengthy periods, which makes them difficult to comprehend.
Of course locking anybody up is not the best way forward, but it is little good endeavouring to convince a sceptical populace that robust non - custodial measures are in place, unless it is plain to all that they are working. Giving names to measures sound all very grand such as Intensive Supervision and Surveillance Programmes (ISSPs) but there are still insufficient places to accommodate drug offenders and countless inquiries have been held over many years into why young children were abused and killed, sometimes by young offenders, with the problem still persisting. There is still a lot to do and this book might well be termed a starting point towards future work.
24th July 2005
Hammered, Young people and alcohol
Author: By Fast Forward Positive Lifestyles
Publishers: Russell House
Price £29.95 A4 wirobound
Publication Date: 2005
Hammered - Young People And Alcohol By Fast Forward Positive Lifestyles
is for anyone working with young people aged 10-25, this resource manual will help newcomers and those with experience to feel comfortable and confident in delivering alcohol education programmes. Intensely practical, all the material has been tried and tested in various settings with male, female and mixed gender groups.
Extensive examples of exercises - and numerous photocopiable resources - will help you address issues such as gender, drinking patterns, role models, cultural differences and the law... in ways that are relevant to the whole of the UK. They cover breaking the ice, passing on information, challenging attitudes, and problem-solving skills. Plus there is advice on devising and delivering programmes in different settings for example, in clubs and detached settings and details of services that can provide further support, consultancy and resources.
Among the resources provided are two quizzes (for ages 10-11 and 11-15) and (tucked inside the back flap of the manual) an information leaflet in cartoon form which doubles as a 2-sided poster. You can get extra copies of this Hammered information leaflet from Fast Forward. They are a national voluntary organization whose consultancy, training and support in preventing drug, alcohol and tobacco abuse is widely sought after.
Developing and running an alcohol education programme.
Sessions. The programme.
Ethnic minority groups.
Exercises and photocopiable resources.
6 ways of passing on information.
Key information on alcohol.
6 ways of challenging attitudes.
REVIEW by Peter Jackson
This book is a great asset to anyone who is working with young people and its content is logical and easily understood. It covers a huge age range and it must be understood that any of the activities must be tailored accordingly, thus the worker must have some pre knowledge of teaching and young people. Having said that, most of the activities are readily adaptable.
The Scottish accent on the inside cover is questionable but if, as a Londoner I can go for a ball of chalk down the frog and toad to the rub a dub dub, then that is OK by me.
The book explains that it is a ‘dip in and out of’ type of book that is ideal. On a personal note it is a shame that this type of education has to be devolved to this. I strongly feel that it should be part of the national curriculum and perhaps the school day increased to accommodate life skills type education. I apologies to all my teacher friends.
The authors could have made use of the Governments Alcohol Strategy and the implications of the new licensing Act 2003.
I was impressed with the background information and it gives the reader a reasonable knowledge of the subject. I do question a statement made on page 22 that ‘by the age of 13 young people who drink outnumber the young people who don’t drink’
On page 26 ‘from 16 years of age’ should be checked against Sec 150 of the new Licensing Act 2003, as I feel this has changed.
I did like the comments on page 28 re cultural differences not only across Europe but also across the world and that it seems that if you are from the UK you drink to get drunk. It is for people who read this book to try and change this attitude but must accept that it will take one or probably two generations to make that change.
The book gives a good insight into developing a programme, (pages 23 – 40) but again there will need to be some knowledge of education and young people.
The rest of the book is a very useful section of activities that can be carried out. Well laid out in chronological order for delivery. I would have liked to see the answers to the big body game rather than being referred to the section on alcohol information.
I am not sure where the answers for the ‘Cunning Cocktails’ quiz came from, but the last time I checked there were at least 230-250 calories in a normal strength pint of beer (question 6) my expanding stomach is a testament to this.
In summary, I found this book very useful for somebody who wants to run a programme for young people, but the reader may want to just check the facts as writing a book of this nature when the whole subject is constantly changing is very difficult.
Changing Policing, Revolution Not Evolution
Author: Michael O'Byrne
Publishers Russell House Publishing
Price: £14.95 RRP UK
Publication Date: 2001
If your first impression is that the glowing endorsement in the introduction by none other than Sir William Macpherson signals the tenor of this book then you will not be disappointed. But that in its self is no bad thing. As with the Macpherson Report, you can appreciate and empathise with most of what is in this book yet still disagree with some of its conclusions. As one who spent a large part of his career dealing with the effects of street crime in South London, I resist the temptation to elaborate here on personal areas of difference.
Mercifully the author eschews "academese", that laboured, almost impenetrable prose, peppered with "managementspeak", favoured by some other writers in this field. He sticks to plain English with rarely a superfluous word; and so he makes his points with brevity and clarity. Even when he gets into Stochastic Frontier Analysis (hands up all who know what that is!) he still manages to keep it comprehensible. Nor does he weary the reader with constant source references. That writing style, as well as its content, is what makes the book a very interesting and stimulating read.
In one area, although minor in the overall scene, he does show uncharacteristic reluctance to comment. At page 112, when dealing with the Police Federation, he mentions how the news media usually go to that that body for comment on national issues rather than ACPO; and then says this is "for a complex range of reasons". As he has such trenchant comment on other matters, it would have been interesting to have his view on those reasons and how that imbalance in presentation, which has infuriated so many over the years, could be remedied.
For those who try to keep abreast of all the mind bogglingly complex issues that affect the police service today, now greatly added to by the escalating Muslim extremists' terrorism threats and all its implications for community relations, this is an immensely useful book. Despite its slim volume of only 152 pages, it covers almost the whole spectrum of policing, packs in an awful lot of information and demonstrates a lot of skilful hard work in its compilation.
I warmly recommend the book and am delighted to have it on my bookshelf.
Policing after the Stephen Lawrence Inquiry
Author: Edited by Alan Marlow and Barry Loveday
Publishers Russell House Publishing
Price: £15.95 RRP UK
The Macpherson Report on the Stephen Lawrence murder investigation has been described as a 'watershed in policing'. It condemned inefficiencies in the investigation of the crime and introduced the concept of 'institutional racism'. But what has happened since then?
How have the police responded?
How have police/community relations developed?
Are we making progress from 'institutional racism' to 'principled policing'?
Will Macpherson work where Scarman failed?
Prepared at the anniversary of the Report's publication, this hard-hitting book brings together the views of senior police officers, former officers now working as criminologists and their black colleagues.
Written for police officers and for all policy makers, students, academics and professionals concerned with community relations, community safety, race relations, criminology and criminal justice, it offers:
A critical appraisal of police responses to the Report
An analysis of developments in police/community relations
Messages from research into ethnic minorities' experience of policing and the criminal justice system in contemporary Britain
A picture of the politics of street policing: who is stopped and who is searched, and recommendations for a more equitable system
A examination of similar policing problems in New York, which have been exacerbated by changes in management practice
A Chief Constable's assessment of whether Macpherson will work where Scarman failed
A model for developing effective local communication between the police and other agencies
Ideas on how to achieve principled policing in a plural society.
Title: Substance Misuse and Child Care
Author: Edited by Fiona Harbin and Michael Murphy
Preface by Keith Hellawell
Publishers Russell House Publishing
Price: £15.95 RRP UK
This book is not just about the misuse of drugs. It is concerned with the effect that substance misuse has on parenting and the subsequent effect on the care and well being of children. It:
Outlines and explores the extent of the impact of substance misuse on parenting.
Addresses the difficult issues involved in inter-agency work in this area.
Describes and explores the helpful professional responses to problematic parental misuse, when working with children, their parents or whole families.
It is important not to generalise, or make assumptions about the impact on a child of parental drug and alcohol misuse. It is however, important that the implications for the child are properly assessed.
Title: Young People, Drugs and Community Safety
Author: The Editors: Alan Marlow and Geoffrey Pearson
Publishers Russell House Publishing
Price: £15.95 RRP UK
The reduction of drug-related harm is a central strategy of the Labour government. Policy is to be 'joined-up' and intervention based on 'evidence'. Nowhere is this message more relevant than in the newly formed Community Safety Partnerships, constructed by local authorities and the Police Service, for it is clear that, at local level, issues of crime, drugs and community safety are inextricably linked. The newly constituted Youth Offending Teams are required to liaise with Community Safety Partnerships, Drug Action Teams and Area Child Protection Committees, each of which has a statutory brief to reduce drug-use and related crime amongst young people. In the Youth Service more and more 'targeted' work with drug-using youngsters is being developed. This is an impressive policy agenda, but how such co-ordination might be achieved and what the practical programmes might be has proved harder to specify.
This book is intended for policy makers, professionals and practitioners engaged in this fast-expanding field. It is also relevant to teachers and students of criminal justice and criminology.
Including a chapter by George Howarth MP, the government minister responsible for drug policy and contributions from practitioners, policy makers and researchers, Young People, Drugs and Community Safety is a ground-breaking publication. It offers:
A clear exposition of the implications of government policy for public administrators, welfare and justice professionals
An analysis of the strongest messages from research
Models of cost-effective evaluation for improved practice
Models of 'joined-up', anti-drugs strategies at local level
Examples of effective drugs work with homeless young people
Models of effective drugs work with young people engaged in prostitution Advice on drugs, young people and the Internet
Models of successful Drugs Education Work
The Editors: Alan Marlow is a Senior Development Fellow at the Vauxhall Centre for the Study of Crime at the University of Luton and Geoffrey Pearson is Wates Professor of Social Work at Goldsmithis College, London, and editor of the British Journal of Criminology.
Title: PLANNING SAFER COMMUNITIES
Author: Edited by Alan Marlow and John Pitts
Publishers Russell House Publishing
Price: £16.95 RRP UK
Publication Date: 1998
From 1998 professional workers in local authorities, the police and the voluntary sector will be required by the government to produce 'corporate community safety plans'. But research and practice all too frequently show serious shortcomings in their implementation. Focusing on 'what works', Planning Safer Communities provides an opportunity for community safety planners, managers, and professionals to:
Acquire a range of techniques for auditing community safety
Locate the core elements of sound community safety practice
Identify the key principles for determining the appropriateness of a technique or project in any given situation
Develop techniques for the calculation and distribution of safety in your community
Explore the role of the community safety professional
Identify ways to monitor and evaluate the effectiveness of community safety initiatives
You will be given access to the ideas and evidence generated by decision-makers, researchers and professionals at the cutting edge of this rapidly expanding work. Alongside accounts of the latest research are details of the community safety work of NACRO, the Home Office, the Safe Neighbourhoods Unit and the National Association for Youth Justice.
Editors: Alan Marlow is Development Fellow and John Pitts is Professor of Socio-Legal Studies at the University of Luton. They are joint directors of the Vauxhall Centre for the Study of Crime.
Russell House Publishing Ltd is a group of social work, probation, education and youth and community work practitioners in collaboration with a professional publishing team. Our aim is to work closely with the field to produce valuable and innovative materials to help managers, trainers, and practitioners. We are keen to receive feedback on publications and new ideas for future projects.