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Crime And Society In England 1750 -1900 

Edition: 3rd 2005

Author: Clive Emsley

ISBN: 13: 978-0-582-78485-7

Publishers: Pearson Longman

Price £18.99

Publication Date: 2005

Publisher’s Title Description

Crime and Society in England, 1750-1900 draws on recent research to assess the changes in the understanding of crime, policing, the courts and penal sanctions in England as the country industrialised and urbanised during the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries.  The third edition brings the subject up-to-date by reflecting recent shifts away from class towards gender analysis, and the growing interest in violence as opposed to property crime.

This text is suitable for undergraduate courses in modern English history and criminology courses in law departments.


The fact that Professor Emsley’s book has reached a third edition speaks volumes for its lasting appeal.  Unlike works which purport to deal with events up to the present time, new editions must, of necessity, have regard to the fruits of research since the last edition was published.  Written with undergraduate students of modern English history and criminology in mind, one of this edition’s stated purposes is to reflect ‘recent shifts away from class towards gender analysis and the growing interest in violence as opposed to property crime’. 

The book examines questions such as how much crime existed, which crimes were most prevalent at particular times or in particular  places and, importantly, whether economic and social change over time, fostered different kinds of criminality.

It looks at the notions of ‘criminal classes’ and ‘professional criminals’, the changing roles of prosecutors, courts and the police and questions of punishment and reformation.  It follows that there is much of interest for those actively involved in all stages of  the criminal process.

 There is a challenge to the notion that crime can be attributed to the behaviour of a criminal ‘class’ or that changes in the criminal justice system resulted from the vision of ‘far-sighted reformers’.  An intriguing chapter looks at detection and prevention from the perspectives of ‘the old police and the new’.

As regards the latter, police historians are likely to yearn for an examination of other topics which could well have fallen within that chapter.  For instance, what the thinking was surrounding the initial organisation of county police forces in which rural stations were sited in the villages around large estates owned by members of the Standing Joint Committees.   Were the locations chosen out of personal interest or for some good strategic reason?  After all, many of these stations remained operational throughout two world wars and beyond.

A particularly interesting chapter is entitled ‘Environmental Perceptions’ in which the only omission, if indeed it be one, is the absence of any discussion of the fact that deprived environments also have a knack of producing large numbers of law-abiding citizens as well as dysfunctional ones.

Police historians would also be interested to know something of the early history of drug dealing and addiction.  After all, personal use amongst those temporarily or permanently in funds was not uncommon in dock areas from early Victorian times, while large scale importations were already in evidence by the 1920s. 

Drawing attention to these ‘omissions’ is not intended as a criticism of the book.  It was written for a specific audience and there was presumably a limit to the number of topics which could be covered.  On the contrary, it is a recognition that the book attracts the attention of others beyond the undergraduate body.  The question of early rural outstations, for example, is relevant because from the 1960s they were to disappear with a radical change in policing concepts.  Similarly with the drug issues.  Addiction and dealing rose from being side issues to become a predominant social issue involving the majority of crimes against property and, in more recent times, inter-dealer homicide.

Similarly, an argument can also be made for the inclusion of studies on the effects of early immigration on crime and of parliamentary attitudes to the question of Irish Home Rule.  Rightly or wrongly, the latter resulted in a ‘terrorist’ campaign lasting well over a century.  Surely the undergraduate would benefit from an understanding of how the burning issues of today and the recent past had their roots in the period covered by the book?

While these subjects are covered in other works, it would have been valuable to have Professor Emsley’s views in the context of his chapter on policing perspectives.  But be that as it may, this is an excellent work with a wide appeal.


Criminology Theory and Context

Edition: 2nd

Author: John Tierney

ISBN: 1-405-82361-5

Publishers: Pearson

Price £24.99

Publication Date: December 2005

Publisher’s Title Description

Our everyday worlds are filled with reference to crime punishment discipline and the law but what do these concepts actually mean?  How have these meanings and understandings been constructed and to what extent are they shared by members of society?  How have criminologists attempted to explain and understand the phenomena of crime and deviance?  These are amongst the issues and questions that Criminology: theory and context invites the reader to re-examine.

This clear and rigorous historical introduction to criminology combines an accessible style with depth and scope to encourage a broad understanding of the discipline.  Closely mapping the development of criminology and criminological theory within a historical context, it provides a logical structure and accessible framework through which students will absorb the wider scope and development of the area, as well as the societal and cultural influences that have shaped it.

New to this edition

Updated to reflect the latest developments in criminal justice and the politics of law and order and the New Right in the US

New material on social capital theory, critical theory, feminist influences and cultural criminology, globalisation, post- and late-modernity and the risk society

Relevant updates concerned with the impact of the New Labour government since 1997

Generally updated statistics and examples throughout

New in-text features including key themes and annotated further reading

Key features

Historical, linear approach provides a clear and digestible overview of the emergence and development of the discipline

Criminological theory is discussed in depth and interwoven with the empirical an context to provide a cohesive and integrated whole

A broad range of data and examples provide evidence for grounding for the analysis and theory

This text will be essential reading for students of criminology criminological theory and criminal justice and of key interest to students of sociology, law and the wider social sciences.


Preface, Introduction, The organization of the book,  Selecting material


1. Criminology, crime and deviance: some preliminaries

Key themes

Good old common sense

Setting the scene




Selected further reading

2. Measuring crime and criminality

Key themes

Official statistics

The 'dark figures' of crime

Public reporting

Changes in the law

The role of the police

Ways of seeing

The implications for criminal statistics

Victim surveys

The usefulness of criminal statistics

Local crime surveys and left realism

3. Criminology and criminologists up to World War Two

Key themes

Tree of sin, tree of knowledge

The criminological tree of knowledge: separating the tree from the wood

Classicism and positivism

Positivist criminology

The turn of the century to the 1930s


Selected further reading


4. The discipline of criminology and its context - 1

Key themes

The emergence of criminology

Sociological criminology

Sociological criminology in Britain from the 1950s to the mid-1960s

Sociological criminology in the United States

Selected further reading

5. Social disorganization and anomie

Key themes

The sociology and criminology of Emile Durkheim (1858 - 1917)

The Chicago School

Mertonian strain theory

Selected further reading

6. Strain, subcultures and delinquency

Key themes

A.K. Cohen: developments in the strain theory

R. Cloward and L. Ohlin: opportunity knocks

Selected further reading

7. Criminological theory in Britain

Key themes

American influences

Sociological criminology in Britain

Developing a British perspective

Cultural diversity theory

Schools and the 'problem of adjustment'

Subcultural theory: taking stock

Selected further reading


8. The discipline of criminology and its context - 2

Key themes

The development of sociological criminology in Britain

Teh break with orthodoxy: the new deviancy

The New Left

Radicals and the new deviancy: the impact on British criminology

Selected further reading

9. New deviancy theory: the interactinist approach to deviance

Key themes

Labelling theory

Learning to become 'deviant'

Primary and secondary deviancy

The amplification of deviance

Conceptualising deviance

Criticisms of the new deviancy

Selected further reading


10. The discipline of criminology and its context - 3

Key themes

Deviance and politics

The sociology of law: making laws, making deviants

Criminology in the 1970s: other directions

Orthodox criminology

Radical critiques and the growth of the New Right

Selected further reading

11. Post-new deviancy and the new criminology

Key themes

Deviance and power

American conflict theory

Politicising deviance

Critical criminology

Marx and Engels on crime

Taylor, Walton and Yound and the politicisation of deviance

Politiczing deviance: nuts, sluts, preverts ... and revolutionaries?

Youth subcultures and politics

Critical deviance: deviance, crime and power

Phenomenology and criminology


Control theory

Feminist perspective and criminology

Selected further reading

PART V THE 1980s TO THE MID-1990s

12. The discipline of criminology and its context - 4

Key themes

The shift to the right in British politics

Criminology's external history

Social organization

The growth of policy-oriented research

The nature and context of research

Policy-oriented research and the Left

Contemporary British criminology

13. Criminological theory

Key themes

Mainstream criminology

Longitudinal research and criminal careers

The historical roots

Feminism and criminology

Gender and crime

Administrative criminology

Right-wing criticism


Radical criminology

Critical criminology and left realism

Final remarks on this period


Selected further reading


14. The discipline of criminology and its context - 5

Key themes

New Labour, old problems

Restorative justice

Social policy and New Labour

Crime prevention, crime reduction and community safety

Crime and criminal justice: the wider context

Criminology in the new millennium

Selected further reading

15. Recent developments in criminological theory

Key themes

Postmodernist perspectives

Feminist perspectives

Perspectives on masculinities

Control perspectives

Cultural perspectives

Critical perspectives

Final remarks

Selected further reading

Postscript to Chapter 15


Name index

Subject index

 John Tierney is Lecturer in Criminology in the School of Applied Social Sciences, University, of Durham.

The Law of Criminal And Civil Evidence Principles And Practice

Edition: 1st

Authors: Martin Hannibal & Lisa Mountford

ISBN: 0-582-43720-2

Publishers: Pearson, Longman

Price £32.99

Publication Date: 2002

Publisher’s Title Information

This comprehensive textbook is a major new introduction to the law of both criminal and civil evidence. It develops readers' understanding of the contemporary law of evidence in both a practical and an academic way by examining and analysing the law in the context of the adversarial and managed systems of criminal and civil justice. The authors present the subject in an accessible and clear style that clarifies this difficult subject for both the student reader encountering the law of evidence for the first time and for those who need to build on or refresh their existing knowledge.

The new approach of this book:

            Examines the operation of the rules of civil and criminal evidence separately, giving a clearer and fuller understanding of the different applications of the two systems of rules;

            Examines the operation of the rules of civil and criminal evidence in their procedural and practical context, enabling a clearer understanding of the purpose and application of the law of evidence in the adversarial and managed systems of fact adjudication;

            Recognises the academic foundation of the law of evidence whilst putting the operation of the law in its practical context, enabling the reader to understand the operation of the rules of evidence in the context of case analysis and preparation; pre-trial procedures as well as the operation of the evidential rules at both a civil and a criminal trial;

            Recognises the dynamic nature of the modern law of English evidence by examining the likely impact of important proposed legislative changes to the law of evidence, including the Human Rights Act 1998.

The Law of Criminal and Civil Evidence: Principles and Practice is an ideal textbook for undergraduate law students taking options in the subject, for LPC and BVC students of civil and criminal litigation and for those studying for ILEX examinations or working as a paralegal. The text is also intended to be a useful guide to legal practitioners during the early years of practice, as well as those who encounter the law of evidence in a professional capacity including police officers and expert witnesses.

The Authors

Martin Hannibal BA (Hons), LLM is a Barrister and Senior Lecturer in Law at Staffordshire University Law School. He has wide experience of teaching and examining the law of evidence on a range of academic, vocational and professional courses as well as practising law.

Lisa Mountford LLB, JP is a Solicitor and Senior Lecturer in Law at Staffordshire University Law School. She has considerable experience in lecturing to students at undergraduate and postgraduate level and in delivering seminars and lectures to practitioners.

Criminal Law

Edition: 6th2006

Authors: Catherine Elliott and Frances Quinn

ISBN: 1-405-83528-1

Publishers: Pearson, Longman

Price £21.99

Publication Date:

Publisher’s Title Information

Elliott and Quinn's popular and established textbook, Criminal Law, provides students with a comprehensive, yet concise, overview of the law in this area.  It is regularly updated to ensure that students keep abreast of current legal developments.  It provides a lively, clear and accurate explanation of the law, presented in a systematic and logical order for learning and revision.

The sixth edition is fully updated with new case law and developments in criminal law, including:

The conflict between the House of Lords and the Privy Council on the approach to be taken to the defence of provocation.

The liability of drug dealers for manslaughter when a drug user dies (R v Kennedy (No. 2) (2005)).

Criminal liability of a person for recklessly infecting another with HIV.


Clear explanation of the current law in plain English so that students can understand the subject.

Critical analysis of existing laws and reform options to encourage students' analytical skills.

Descriptions of the law in its socio-legal context to bring the subject' to life:

Guidelines for answering exam questions and a chapter on exam technique aids students' exam preparation.

End of chapter summaries highlight the main points, and end of chapter further reading suggestions encourage wider exploration of the subject area.

Companion Website www.pearsoned.co.uk/elliottquinn with regular case and legislation updates, weblinks, interactive questions, a glossary and key term flashcards, as well as additional problems and questions for lecturers which can be set as student assignments.

The Authors

Catherine Elliott is a qualified Barrister and Lecturer in Law at City University. She has extensive experience of teaching law.

Frances Quinn is an award-winning journalist and journal editor, with a particular interest and experience in law.

"Thanks the book is really useful for my A level studies." Daniel Carney, 2006/12/4

Criminal law

Edition: 7th


ISBN: 1-405-81225-7


Price £28.99

Publication Date: 2006

Publisher's Title Information

Michael Jefferson's Criminal Law provides an accessible and contextual approach to the main principles and offences of criminal law. Throughout the book judgments and the scope of individual offences are evaluated, and reform options are discussed, including proposals

from Law Commission Consultation Papers and Reports. The new edition has been restructured to follow the majority of syllabuses, and is fully up-to-date with key legislation such as the Sexual Offences Act 2003 and important case decisions.

Key Features

Comprehensive coverage within a manageable format.

Accessible and contextual approach.

Reform options are considered to encourage students to think critically about future directions in criminal law.

Consideration of cases from US and Commonwealth jurisdictions allow students to reflect on UK perspectives within a global context.

Companion Website with regular updates ensures the book remains as current as possible. The Companion Website may be found at www.pearsoned.co.uk/fsts.

New To This Edition

The order of topics has changed to follow the majority of syllabuses.

Incorporates significant new case law and legislation, including the Sexual Offences Act 2003 and the House of Lords decision in G concerning objective or Caldwell recklessness.

New text design and clearer headings allow students to follow the text with ease.

The Author

Michael Jefferson MA (Oxon.), BCL, is Director of Learning and Teaching Development attached to the Faculty of Law and Senior Lecturer in Law at the University of Sheffield. He was the Chair of the Association of Law Teachers in 2004-5 and has many years' experience of teaching criminal and employment law. He has written articles in a number of academic and professional Legal journals, is a contributor to an encyclopedia of employment law and has written four other books on the topic including one on restraint of trade.

About this series

Longman's established Foundation Studies in Law Series prides itself on its clarity of content, engaging case summaries and reference to contemporary issues. With coverage ideally suited to undergraduate and graduate diploma law students, and a wealth of learning support, these texts do more for students of law.

Core Issues In Policing

Edition: Second Edition

Author: Editors, Frank Leishman,  Barry Loveday, Professor Stephen P Savage,

ISBN: 056236966x

Publishers Pearson Education

Price:  £27.99

Publication Date: 2000

Publisher's Title information

The Publishers claim that "Core Issues in Policing" has quickly established itself as one of the leading academic books on policing in the UK. The book is ideal for those studying policing per se or as part of wider studies in criminology and criminal justice. Written and edited by a team of nationally and internationally regarded academic specialists and senior police officers, this fully revised and expanded second edition offers a unique perspective on contemporary policing, with new contributions on such cutting-edge issues as accountability, policy making, police and the media, the core functions debate, transnational dimensions, policing drugs and 'cop culture'. In addition, a broader introduction and focus on the future add to its value, both as a course textbook and a useful resource for researchers and practitioners.

Core Issues in Policing is suitable for students on undergraduate and postgraduate programmes in criminology and criminal justice where policing or police studies is an option. It will also appeal to those studying policing as part of law, sociology, social policy, public order, crime prevention and security management courses. New police service recruits following the National Certificate of Higher Education in Police Studies qualification will also find this book invaluable.

The editors

Frank Leishman, Principal Lecturer in Criminology, Southampton Institute, Barry Loveday, Principal Lecturer in Criminal Justice Studies, University of Portsmouth, and Professor Stephen P Savage, Director of the Institute of Criminal Justice Studies, University of Portsmouth.

Policing Britain, Risk, Security and Governance

Longman Criminology Series

Author: Les Johnson

Series editor Tim Newburn

ISBN:  0-582-29886-5

Publishers Pearson Education

Price:  £25.99

Publication Date: 2000

Publisher's Title Information

This exciting new book has three aims: to provide an analysis of the changing forms and functions of British policing; to consider the processes which have given rise to those changes; and to examine their implications for policing, society and governance. The central theme is the transition from modern to late modern policing in Britain, as well as in Europe, North America and elsewhere. A key element of this transition is the fragmentation of policing into diverse forms. For that reason the book examines both public policing and the commercial, municipal and civil forms which operate alongside it.

Les Johnson is a leading authority in the field of police studies.  He is a Professor in Criminology at the Institute of Criminal Justice Studies, University of Portsmouth.

The English Police - A Political and Social History

Cover. 'An Arrest'- detail from 'Scenes from the life of a London Policeman', drawn by Robert Barnes c.1890. Reproduced by courtesy of the Metropolitan Police Museum.

Edition: 2nd 1996

Author: Clive Emsley

ISBN:  0582257689

Publishers Pearson Education

Price:  £16.99 RRP UK paperback

Publication Date: 1996

Publisher's Title Information

"This broad and comprehensive coverage of the history of the English police that includes its prehistory and takes us up to the present is set to become the new standard text. ... Within the historiography, Emsley places himself halfway, between the tradition­alists' account of progress enacted by far-seeing reformers and the radicals who regarded police legislation and powers as enactments in the interests of the ruling class. His book, he declares, is an attempt by a `„fly liberal' to write a history of the police critical of the traditional Whig view but equally sceptical of the idea that the police can best be regarded as an instrument of class power. In this aim he succeeds admirably... Here is a historian whose knowledge of English policing history over the whole of the period is second to now."

So wrote Barbara Weinberger in the British Journal of Criminology of this distin­guished book - the first comprehensive history of the origins and development of the police in England since the subject first began to be explored seriously by historians in the 1970s. Much of it is based on the rich and still largely unexplored archives which remain in police hands.

The bulk of the book charts the development of the modern police force chronologically, and considers policing from above. It explores the impact of legislation and political action on policing at both national and local levels, and investigates the claim that the English police were non-political and never subject to political control. In his final section, however, Clive Emsley exam­ines policing from below, looking at the changing experience of police work and police life since the early nineteenth century. He discusses what kind of people joined police forces over the years, what their tasks were, and how suc­cessfully they achieved them. The book concludes with a discussion of what - if anything - distinguishes the English bobby from his European and North American counterparts.

This welcome Second Edition offers The English Police in paperback, and under the Longman imprint, for the first time. The text has been fully revised to take account of recent scholarship; the story has been updated to the end of 1995; and there is valuable statistical material in a new appendix.

"readable, well-informed and up-to-date... it supplements, and in many areas will replace, TA.Critchley's History of Police in England and Wales as the standard text. " Stanley H. Palmer, Albion

"This is a scrupulously fair and well-reasoned account, enlivened and strengthened by Emsley's research on many local forces, his interviews with retired policemen, and his knowledge of the national and international context of police history. It will be welcomed and enjoyed by students, teachers and woolly liberals everywhere.  "Stephen Inwood, London Journal

Clive Emsley is Professor of History at the Open University and President of the International Association for the History of Crime and Criminal justice.

Criminal Law Doctrine and Theory

Longman Law Series

Edition: 2nd 2003

Author: William Wilson

Editorial Advisory Board

Professor I.H. Dennis (University College London) Professor R.W. Rideout (University College London) Professor J.A. Usher (University of Edinburgh)

ISBN: 0-582-47301-2

ISBN 13 9780582473010

Publishers: Pearson

Price £36.99

Publication Date: 2003

Publisher's Title Information

Criminal Law:  Doctrine and Theory is suitable for students on undergraduate, CPE, and postgraduate courses, providing coverage of key topic areas as well as extensive analysis and evaluation.It explains the dynamic nature of the law, the reasoning and rationale behind judicial development of the criminal law and the significance of the codification project.  Students will benefit from chapter summaries and hypothetical cases designed to help them navigate their way through this growing and increasingly complex field of law.  Scholars will benefit from the integration of the discussion of the theory underlying the law in a detailed study of substantive criminal law.

The second edition has been fully revised and updated, including the following features:

New section on the Human Rights Act

Important new cases taken account of, including, in particular, Woollin (murder and intention); Morgan Smith (provocation); Hinks (theft); B (a minor) and K (strict liability) and A (conjoined twins) (necessity)

Simplified text and structure to some chapters to ensure maximum accessibility of more complex areas

Chapters 6 and 18 revised and extended to accommodate new material and insights.

William Wilson is Reader in Criminal Law, Queen Mary College, University of London.

Reviews of the first edition

'The style of the book is approachable and humorous... (The) integration of the discussion of complex theories into an analysis of the case law is particularly impressive... Criminal Law: Doctrine and Theory is a welcome addition to the range of criminal law textbooks... and will no doubt be popular and successful.'  Cambridge Law Journal

Crime and Criminal Justice Policy

Edition: 2nd 2003

Author: Tim Newburn

ISBN: 058236955X

ISBN 13 9780582369559

Publishers: Pearson

Price £20.99

Publication Date: 25 Sep 2003

Publisher's Title Information

Crime and Criminal Justice Policy, 2nd Edition, is a comprehensive introduction to the history of criminal justice and penal policy in Britain.  From the emergence of the modern penal system to the most recent developments, this book examines the sources and nature of change and asks what the future holds for criminal justice policy.  It has quickly established itself as a thorough and user-friendly introduction to the field.  The book covers not just sentencing, probation and prison services but also policing, youth justice, crime prevention and the issues surrounding the treatment of victims by the criminal justice system.

This new edition provides a substantial update and revision, and records the major changes in criminal justice policy and legislation over the last decade, particularly those introduced by the Crime and Disorder Act 1998, the Youth Justice and Criminal Evidence Act 1999, and the Police Reform Act 2002.  There is also an entirely new chapter on crime prevention and community safety and the new edition takes an extended and critical look at criminal justice and penal policy under New Labour.

Crime and Criminal Justice Policy is a key text for all undergradu­ate and postgraduate students of criminology and criminal justice, as well as those of social policy, sociology, criminal law, social work and youth work.  It has also proved an invaluable reference for probation officers, police officers, social workers, youth workers, as well as other professionals and volunteers working in criminal justice.

Tim Newburn is Professor of Criminology and Social Policy at the London School of Economics and Political Science.  He has published widely on policing, youth justice and criminal justice policy and is the author of 18 books.

"This is an outstanding introduction to the history, development and current issues of some key areas of criminal justice policy in England and Wales...It is well written, easy to follow...A superb student text but also a most for anyone new to the field." - Labour Campaign for Criminal Justice


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