Palgrave Macmillan 2007

The Language of Sexual Crime

Edition: 1st HB

Author: Janet Cotterill

ISBN: 0230001701

Publishers: Palgrave

Price: £50

Publication Date: 31st July 2007

Publisher’s Title Information

The Language of Sexual Crimedraws on authentic data from rape, sexual assault and abuse cases involving both adults and children. It is both a timely and important collection in the context of global statistics which suggest that crimes involving sexual violence are on the increase, and that conviction rates are falling. Linguists, psychologists, police officers and lawyers involved with cases of sexual crime, all of whom are represented in this book, are currently engaged in exploring ways of improving questioning techniques with both suspects and victims, in police interviews and in the courtroom. The Language of Sexual Crime considers: the law and language of rape, sexual assault, sexual abuse; the detection of sexually-motivated crime through linguistic analysis; police interview techniques used with victims and perpetrators; examination and cross-examination of victims and perpetrators at trial; judicial reports and public inquiries involving sexual abuse or assault cases; the reporting of rape or sexual assault cases in the media.


List of Tables
List of Figures
Notes on Contributors
Rape as Social Activity: An Application of Investigative Linguistics;
T. Grant & J. Woodhams
The Elicitation of a Confession: Admitting Murder But Resisting an Accusation of Attempted Rape;
S. Berk-Seligson
'Just Good Friends': Managing the Clash of Discourses in Police Interviews with Paedophiles;
K. Benneworth
The Questioning of Child Witnesses: A Comparison of the Child's Linguistic Experience in the Initial Interview and in the Courtroom Cross-Examination;
M. Aldridge
The Language of Consent in Rape Law;
The Repertoire of Complicity Vs. Coercion: The Discursive Trap of the Rape Trial Protocol;
D. Ponterotto
Normative Discourses and Representations of Coerced Sex;
S. Ehrlich
Purposes, Roles and Beliefs in the Hostile Questioning of Vulnerable Witnesses;
E.S.M. Leung & J. Gibbons
The Victim As 'Other': Analysis of the Language of Acquittal Decisions in Sexual Offences in the Israeli Supreme Court;
B. Bogoch
Sentencing Sexual Abuse Offenders: Sex Crimes and Social Justice;
C. MacMartin & L.A. Wood
When Rape Is (Not Quite) Rape;
A. Mooney
At the Hands of the Brothers: A Corpus-Based Lexico-Grammatical Analysis of Stance in Newspaper Reporting of Child Sexual Abuse Cases;
A. O'Keefe & M. Breen

The Editor

Janet Cotterill is Reader in Language and Communication and Director of Studies for the MA in Forensic Linguistics at Cardiff University, UK. She is also an experienced consultant and expert witness in forensic linguistics. She co-edited The International Journal of Speech, Language and the Law (formerly Forensic Linguistics) for five years and is the current Vice President and President-Elect of the International Association of Forensic Linguists (IAFL). With a background in translation/interpreting and TEFL/Applied Linguistics, Janet has worked in the UK, France, Egypt and Japan. Her previous books include Language and Power in Court: A Linguistic Analysis of the O.J. Simpson Trial, and (editor) Language in the Legal Process

Palgrave Macmillan Core Statutes
Core Statutes

A collection of the essential Public Law and Human Rights statutes that will be ideal for all law undergraduate and GDL/CPE courses. The Core Statutes series has been developed to meet the needs of today's law students. Complied by experienced lecturers, each title contains the core materials essential for the majority of law undergraduate and GDL/CPE courses. Their compact size makes them easy-to-use under exam conditions and has allowed the Publishers to price all the titles at £10. All the title in the series are updated annually to ensure that they are completely up-to-date with all new developments. Importantly, all the Core Statutes exclude commentary and are therefore ideal for exam use. Each title in the series: Contains the essential materials to minimise both size and price; Is published annually to ensure that it is completely up-to-date; Excludes commentary and so is ideal for exam use; Is designed to be easy-to-use under exam conditions; Is compiled by experienced lecturers.

  • Compact format and clear structure makes it ideal for use in exams.
  • Contains both chronological and alphabetical contents to aid research
  • Published annually
  • Excludes commentary and is therefore ideal for use in examinations.

Core Statutes Public Law and Human Rights 2007-08

Edition: 2007/08

Author: Greer Hogan & Rhona Smith

ISBN: 978 0230 535930

Publishers: Palgrave Macmillan

Price: £10

Publication Date: 2007

Publisher’s Title Information


This ideal series for students of law at undergraduate level contains all the necessary statutes and statutory instruments. Compiled by experienced lecturers and examiners and updated annually, the books are excellent for exam use as the statutes are listed both alphabetically and by date. Importantly they do not include commentary or annotation.


The Bill of Rights (1688)
The Act of Settlement (1700)
Union with Scotland Act 1706
Parliamentary Papers Act 1840
Official Secrets Act 1911
Parliament Act 1911
Official Secrets Act 1920
The Statute of Westminster 1931
Public Order Act 1936
Statutory Instruments Act 1946
Crown Proceedings Act 1947
Life Peerages Act 1958
Obscene Publications Act 1959
Parliamentary Commissioner Act 1967
European Communities Act 1972
Local Government Act 1972
Local Government Act 1974
House of Commons Disqualification Act 1975
Ministerial and Other Salaries Act 1975
Highways Act 1980
Supreme Court Act 1981
Police and Criminal Evidence Act 1984
Public Order Act 1986
Official Secrets Act 1989
Security Service Act 1989
Tribunal and Inquiries Act 1992
Criminal Justice and Public Order Act 1994
Police Act 1996
Police Act 1997
Crime and Disorder Act 1998
Governement of Wales Act 1998
Human Rights Act 1998
Scotland Act 1998
Northern Ireland Act 1998
House of Lords Act 1999
Freedom of Information Act 1998
Terrorism Act 2000
House of Commons (Removal of Clergy Disqualification) Act 2001
Criminal Justice and Police Act 2001
Anti-terrorism, Crime and Security Act 2001
Police Reform Act 2002
Anti-social Behaviour Act 2003
Criminal Justice Act 2003
Prevention of Terrorism Act 2005
Constitutional Reform Act 2005
Serious Organised Crime and Police Act 2005
Public Services Ombudsman (Wales) Act 2005
Civil Procedure Rules 1998, Part 54
Identity Cards Act 2006
Equality Act 2006
Northern Ireland Act 2006
Racial and Religious Hatred Act 2006
Terrorism Act 2006
Police and Criminal Evidence Act 1984, Code A
Police and Criminal Evidence Act 1984, Code B
Police and Criminal Evidence Act 1984, Code C
European Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms
The Authors

Greer Hogan is Deputy Head of the School of Law at Northumbria University, UK.
Rhona Smith is a Reader in Law at Northumbria University, UK, where her main research interests include international human rights. She has taught public law and EU law at undergraduate level.

Core Statutes on EU

Edition: 2007/2008

Authors: Nicole Busby & Rhona Smith

ISBN: 0230 535886

Publishers: Palgrave Macmillan

Price: £10

Publication Date: 2007

Publisher’s Title Information

This ideal series for students of law at undergraduate level contains all the necessary statutes and statutory instruments. Compiled by experienced lecturers and examiners and updated annually, the books are excellent for exam use as the statutes are listed both alphabetically and by date. Importantly they do not include commentary or annotation.


Consolidated Version of the Treaty Establishing the European Community
Consolidated Version of the Treaty on the European Union
Protocol on the Position of the United Kingdom and Ireland
Treaty Establishing a Constitution for Europe
Accession Protocol (Bulgaria, Romania)
Statute of the Court of Justice
Rules of Procedure of the Court of Justice
Community Charter of the Fundamental Social Rights of Workers
Charter of Fundamental Rights
Commission Regulation 2790/99
Council Regulation 1/2003
Regulation 17
Council Regulation 139/2004
Commission Notice (De Minimis)
Commission Notice (Relevant Market)
Commission Directive 70/50
Commission Practice Note on Import Prohibitions
Council Regulation 2679/98
Council Regulation 1612/68
Council Directive 64/221
Council Directive 68/360
Commission Regulation 1251/70
Council Regulation 1408/71
Council Directive 73/148
Council Directive 75/34
Council Directive 77/249
Council Directive 89/48
Council Directive 92/51
Council Directive 90/364
Council Directive 90/365
Directive 98/5
Directive 2004/38
Council Directive 75/117
Council Directive 76/207
Directive 2002/73
Council Directive 79/7
Council Directive 86/378
Council Directive 86/613
Council Directive 96/34
Council Directive 96/97
Council Directive 97/80
Council Directive 2000/43
Council Directive 2000/78
Council Directive 2001/23
Council Directive 80/987
Directive 2002/74
Council Directive 89/391
Council Directive 92/85
Council Directive 94/33
Council Directive 94/45
Council Directive 97/81
Council Directive 98/59
Council Directive 1999/70
Council Directive 2002/14
Directive 2003/88
Council Directive 85/374
Council Directive 93/13
European Communities Act 1972
European Parliamentary Elections Act 2002

The Authors

NICOLE BUSBY is senior lecturer in the School of Law at the University of Stirling, UK. She teaches courses in European Law, Legal Processes, Labour Law and Employment Law. She received her BA (Hons) from Westminster University.
RHONA SMITH is a Reader in Law at Northumbria University, UK, where her main research interests include international human rights. She has taught public law and EU law at undergraduate level.

Core Statutes On Evidence

Author: Christina McAlhone

ISBN: 0230535961

Publishers: Palgrave Macmillan

Price £10

Publication Date: 2007

Review of 2005 Edition by Brian Rowland

Some 15 or so years ago the reviewer purchased a copy of 'Statutes on Evidence' by Professor Ian E. Dennis, with an opening of the Preface as follows 'Since the middle of the last century the English law of evidence has presented a patchwork appearance. From time to time ancient common law rules have been supplemented or, in some cases, replaced by statutory provisions.  The development of the law, however, has been pragmatic and unsystematic, leading to many calls for more principled and comprehensive treatment by the legislature.  In recent years Parliament has begun to heed these calls, with the result that the statutory elements of the subject have increased markedly in ambition and quantity'

The reviewer was pleased to receive the book for review by Christina McAlhone dealing with the same subject, which includes, in the Preface, the following extract taken from the speech given by the Prime Minister in 2002 ‘We need clearer, simpler rules of evidence that trust the common sense and decency of judge and jury`.

It is true that here have been moves regarding the law of evidence as one aspect alone shows.  Whereas Professor Dennis decided to deal with the subject in 157 pages of text, Christina McAlhone has required 251 rather larger pages indicating that additional statutory works have been added, as indeed they have. But clearer, simpler rules, no, that has not come about.  The Criminal Justice Act 2003 has largely seen to that.

Both works present, but an author's selection of Statutes, indicating not only the depth of the subject and the complicated structure of the law of this nation, but also the rich diversity of the English language.

There is no doubt that the additional law relating to evidence will reverberate throughout the courts, but at the higher echelons in particular and Christina McAlhone's selection will be well received by all.

Tucked away on page 63 is the evidential law relating to speeding offences and the requirement for the evidence of opinion to be that of more than one witness.  The reviewer has often wondered why an astute defence lawyer has not queried the reading of a speed camera on such grounds.  Can a film and/or a camera be a witness or have an opinion?

Code C of the Police and Criminal Evidence Act 1984 is perhaps the most important selection dealing as it does with the detention, treatment and questioning of persons by police officers.  This Code still leaves many questions unanswered but that was only to be expected, given the secrecy that has always surrounded the custodial provisions of detained persons.  The reviewer has always held to the view that the far-reaching provisions of the 1984 Act would have to be continuously amended as lawyers and detained persons drew more and more interpretive conclusions from the wording of the legislation, and so it has proved.  There are however still many aspects that remain uncovered, such as the training of Custody Officers, the determination of designating police stations being left in the hands of Chief Constables and the emerging argument concerning the possible civilianisation of this highly important position, an issue catered for now, and noted by the author in her Preface, by reference to the Serious Organised Crime and Police Act 2005.  One might also wonder if a member of the public exercising his right to consult the Code of Practice at a Police Station desk would be given a copy with the Notes for Guidance removed, bearing in mind they do not form part of the Code, or even have such a request refused.

This book is a clear indication just how much and how fast technology has moved on with references to video identification, and live video links, and it appears possible in the not too distant future that the tapping of telephone conversations will play an evidential part in the criminal justice system, so the need will be for an even larger volume containing even greater complications.  The alternative will be to find a way round what is rapidly becoming an incomprehensible mess from turning into an impenetrable jungle.

This is essentially a factual text book setting out the bare words of the Statute without comment. Such works are difficult to review, because inevitably, comment and what might follow, inevitably get drawn in, but for the student or practitioner seeking quick guidance as to the actual wording, often so essential when endeavouring to make a point, either on an examination document or before a court, it might well prove to be invaluable.

The rules of evidence will have to be streamlined eventually, and the question that has to be answered is, how can it be done?  The answer is clearly not in the manner that is now bedevilling the criminal justice system.  Because such matters as hearsay evidence, previous convictions being cited and the possibility of acquitted persons facing retrial, are now becoming part of the legal system, the rules have endeavoured to cover every eventuality making legislation complicated and the subject of endless argument, thus endangering the smooth running of the courts.   Perhaps the time has come to look afresh at the rules of evidence in their entirety.  Instead of surrounding what have hitherto been controversial matters, with pages of safeguards, provisos and exemption, why not be more lax as to what is permitted, allowing the judge to use his very wide discretion, as to what might be allowed.  There should be less argument as to what juries can hear.  It seems pointless for juries to spend so much time out of court whilst lawyers argue over, often obscure points of law, when the former are charged with the guilt or otherwise of the accused person.  Juries are not stupid as some seem to suggest, and even if they are, surely that must make the case for the procedural law to be simplified so that the facts of the case can be decided.

Christina McAlhone has made a wise selection of core Statutes but whether she will be able to accommodate such a choice in the future, if the present legislative arrangements continue, must be a matter for conjecture.  The time for change is now.

Brian Rowland             1041/12/05     27"' December 2005

Core Statutes on Criminal Law, 2007-08

Edition: 2007/08

Authors: Kate Cook, Mark James and Richard Lee

ISBN: 0230535909

Publishers: Palgrave Macmillan

Price: £10

Publication Date: July 2007

Publisher’s Title Description

This ideal series for students of law at undergraduate level contains all the necessary statutes and statutory instruments. Compiled by experienced lecturers and examiners and updated annually, the books are excellent for exam use as the statutes are listed both alphabetically and by date. Importantly they do not include commentary or annotation.


Abortion Act 1967
Accessories and Abettors Act 1861
Anti-terrorism, Crime and Security Act 2001
Aviation Security Act 1982
Child Abduction Act 1984
Children Act 2004
Children and Young Persons Act 1933
Computer Misuse Act 1990
Crime and Disorder Act 1998
Criminal Appeal Act 1968
Criminal Attempts Act 1981
Criminal Damage Act 1971
Criminal Justice Act 1925
Criminal Justice Act 1967
Criminal Justice Act 1987
Criminal Justice Act 1988
Criminal Justice Act 1993
Criminal Justice Act 2003 (Character and Hearsay Provisions)
Criminal Justice and Public Order Act 1994
Criminal Law Act 1967
Criminal Law Act 1977
Criminal Procedure (Insanity and Unfitness to Plead) Act 1991
Criminal Procedure (Insanity) Act 1964
Dealing in Cultural Objects (Offences) Act 2003
Domestic Violence, Crime and Victims Act 2004
Explosive Substances Act 1883
Female Genital Mutilation Act 2003
Firearms Act 1968
Football (Offences) Act 1991
Forgery and Counterfeiting Act 1981
Gender Recognition Act 2004
Homicide Act 1957
Human Rights Act 1998
Infant Life (Preservation) Act 1929
Infanticide Act 1938
Interpretation Act 1978
Intoxicating Substances (Supply) Act 1985
Knives Act 1997
Law Reform (Year and a Day Rule) Act 1996
Magistrate's Courts Act 1980
Malicious Communications Act 1988
Misuse of Drugs Act 1971
Mobile Telephones (Re-programming) Act 2002
Nationality, Immigration and Asylum Act 2002
Obscene Publications Act 1959
Obscene Publications Act 1964
Offences Against the Person Act 1861
Official Secrets Act 1911
Official Secrets Act 1989
Perjury Act 1911
Police Act 1996
Prevention of Crime Act 1953
Prison Security Act 1992
Protection from Harassment Act 1997
Protection of Children Act 1978
Public Order Act 1936
Public Order Act 1986
Road Traffic Act 1988
Serious Organised Crime and Police Act 2005
Sexual Offences (Conspiracy and Incitement) Act 1996
Sexual Offences Act 1956
Sexual Offences Act 1967
Sexual Offences Act 1985
Sexual Offences Act 1993
Sexual Offences Act 2003
Suicide Act 1961
Tattooing of Minors Act 1969
Terrorism Act 2000
Terrorism Act 2006
Theft Act 1968
Theft Act 1978
Trial of Lunatics Act 1883
Water Resources Act 1991
Wireless Telegraphy Act 1949

The Authors

Kate Cook is Lecturer at Manchester Metropolitan University, UK, where her teaching includes courses in Criminal Law and Criminology.
Mark James is Senior Lecturer at Salford University, UK, and his teaching includes courses in Sports Law and Criminal Law.
Richard Lee is lecturer at Manchester Metropolitan University, UK.

The Victim in Criminal Law and Justice

Edition: 1st

Author: Tyrone Kirchengast

ISBN: 140398610X

Publishers: Palgrave Macmillan

Price £50

Publication Date: 2006

Publisher's title Information

Utilizing Foucault's genealogical method, this book traces the history and development of the victim from feudal law, arguing that the historical power of the victim to police, prosecute and punish offenders significantly informed the development of the modern criminal law and justice system. Leading to the repositioning of the victim in the twenty-first century, this book advocates the victim as an agent of change, presenting a new perspective for the relevance of the victim in today's justice system.


The Victim as Concept
Private Prosecution
Public Prosecution
Prisons, Penalty and Punishment
The Erosion of the Victim and the Rise of State Power from 1600
Emergence of the Victim Rights Movement
Relocating the Victim in Common Law and Statute
The Victim as an Agent of Criminal Law and Justice

The Author

Tyrone Kirchengast is a Solicitor and Barrister and an Associate Lecturer in Law, Macquarie University, Australia.  His research focuses on various facets of criminal justice, including victims of crime, law and governance, and the development of institutions of criminal law and justice.

Pre-publication endorsements

'Confronting superficial accounts that regard the victim as coming to be excluded from modern criminal justice, Kirchengast argues that the victim has always participated in power relations that form criminal justice as we know it. This work directly challenges taken for granted assumptions about the state as the author of what we now recognize as criminal justice, and reveals the genealogical process through which the victim became the constitutive ghost in the machine. The implications of this for understanding criminal justice in the present are far reaching.' - Dr Pat O'Malley, Carleton University, Canada


As this review was being written public debate in England rages around a convicted killer, Learco Chindamo, who is unlikely, upon the completion of his sentence, to be deported to the country of his birth.  The widow of his victim has vocally denounced the possibility, as a violation of her ‘rights as a victim’ and an injustice to her husband.  Consider the legal response to this widow.  That is, that the victim is not the decisive actor in criminal justice and nor should they be.  The victim plays an evidentiary role in prosecution and an advisory role in sentencing.  Otherwise, criminal justice, punishment and law are exclusively the concern and purview of the state.  Why these assumptions are widely accepted is the topic of Tyrone Kirchengast’s fascinating book The Victim in Criminal Law and Justice, a rigorous and challenging text on the history of the victim in common law criminal justice.

Kirchengast offers what amounts to a history of the common law, recast with the victim centre-stage.  Three quarters of the book concerns the growth of the common law.  It charts the gradual displacement of the victim as the prime mover of criminal justice, and it traces criminal law and practices from the Norman Conquest to their distorted legacies in the twenty-first century.  The last quarter of the book considers the role of contemporary victim groups and victim discourses and their attempts to restore the centrality of the victim in criminal justice.  It is not only ambitious, but exhaustively detailed, looking at not one but two common law jurisdictions (England and Australia) and gives the reader an unparalleled range of legal and historical materials.  This historical range means the book is far from being an introductory text and it is, moreover, informed and structured by a sophisticated 'genealogical method' adapted from the work of Michel Foucault.  This genealogical method requires some explanation as Kirchengast’s thesis - the 'hidden' legacy of the victim - stands or falls on his methodology bringing to light fundamental, but suppressed assumptions.

Following Foucault, Kirchengast resists offering a single evolutionary narrative of a practice or institution (in this case the common law) favouring close analysis of a series of discrete periods each with their own unique dynamic.  A genealogy pays attention to neglected historical detail as much as it does to ‘key’ or ‘decisive’ events.  It also opens itself up to the possibility that an institution or practice (common law criminal justice) has origins, and is structured by normative assumptions, that are more contingent and contentious than we would assume (i.e., the inevitable primacy of the state in criminal justice).  The result is a layering of historical changes over many centuries that together reveal the state (initially in the form of the King) appropriating the power of the victim in the name of the collective, but retaining an essential link to victims’ early common law powers.  This appropriation is illustrated through an array of examples of Kirchengast’s recurrent motif: the loss of the 'plenary' (complete / total) power of the victim over both the initiation of criminal proceedings and the punishment of the criminal.  In all but a denatured way the victim is excluded from and incidental to the workings of the criminal justice system while remaining the necessary, but implicit, foundation for prosecutorial and punitive powers.  "[T]he very basis of prosecution remains private although public authorities bring most charges.  Thus, if the procedure of private prosecution were to be abolished from the common law, unless authorised by statute, public authorities such as the police [...] would be unable to bring charges in the local court.  [...]  The common law power of victims remains unchanged." (pp. 155-156)

By retracing the role of the victim in the story of criminal justice Kirchengast offers us something admirably ambitious.  It is a new, idiosyncratic, history of common law criminal justice systems from the Norman Conquest onwards.  He is, conversely, guarded about what conclusions can be drawn from the study.  His discussions of victims’ rights movements and victimology, demonstrate how victims have become conscious of the possibility of reasserting their primacy through collective action and legislative reform.  Note that Kirchengast is not advocating any such developments.  In fact no clear prescriptive conclusions can be drawn from this (or any) genealogy.  Kirchengast is well aware of the dangers of such a genetic fallacy.  The history of an institution is no indication of its value and gives no clear grounds for prescriptive claims.  Consequently, anyone coming to this text hoping for a policy or practice orientated approach to victims will be disappointed.  On the other hand, for those looking to discuss victims in a way that is stripped, as far as possible, of ideological bias, will find this an admirable resource.  Importantly, Kirchengast’s victim is a refreshingly dynamic victim.  Neither passive recipient of harm nor the source of political capital, the now dimly remembered victim of the early common law was a wronged, vengeful, individual who mobilised both manpower and mores against their aggressor.  Brutal and simplistic as this picture is, it provides a healthy foil to the passive victim, defined by their vulnerabilities, dear to popular culture, politics and, at times, criminology.  Ultimately, the victim remains a difficult and contested notion and Kirchengast rightly leaves the future role of the victim in criminal justice an undetermined one.

Stephen Riley

Criminal Law

Series: Law Masters

Edition: 5th

Author: Jonathan Herring

ISBN: 9780230018709

Publishers: Palgrave Macmillan

Price £18.99

Publication Date:

Publisher’s Title information

This text provides a readable, comprehensive and accessible introduction to Criminal Law. Through the media coverage of high profile trials we all feel that we know something about criminal law, and this text uses such cases to create a real interest and involvement on the part of the student. It includes 'hot topic' sections which analyze the controversial cases of recent years. This new edition has been updated to include discussion of important case law developments in the law of provocation, consent, conspiracy and duress. There is also discussion of the Law Commission's proposals on the law of murder.
Introduction to Criminal Law
Procedures and Structures of Criminal Law
The External Elements
The Mental Element
Strict and Vicarious Liability
Sexual Offences
Offences Connected to Theft
Deception Offences
Other Offences Against Property
Denial of Elements of Offences
General Defences
Inchoate Offences

The Author Jonathan Herring is a Fellow in Law at Exeter College, Oxford, UK. He is a qualified solicitor, and has also taught at both New Hall and


The book is stated to be ideal for Law Degrees, Law Society, Legal Practice Course, Police and Social Work Professional Examinations, Magistrate's Professional Development Second-year, A Level Law, and the Common Professional Examination Courses.

I cannot speak for the other Bodies but it has to be said and, all serving officers will be aware, that police officers use the Police Training Manuals, written to cover their promotion exam syllabus - these manuals are written with that in mind, but used more generally as well.  Many officers will keep to those books and read nothing else.  That wasn't the plan I followed.  I had different size books for different occasions.  The current police manuals measure 11.5"x 8" and the General Police Duties weighs 2 Kg - try carrying that around in your pocket at a Demonstration to get some study time in when sat in reserve on a coach.

I am very impressed with the Palgrave Law Masters, one particular aspect is the "Hot Topic" for discussion in each chapter, EG; Offences connected to Theft Chapter 12, "Why is Burglary a specific offence?"  This is a medium sized book (not pocket) and whilst not relying on it police officers will find it has much of what they want with the additional case notes of the quality needed, that is sufficient for examination purposes - all in all a good buy.

Rob Jerrard