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Palgrave Macmillan

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Age of Consent
Author:Matthew Waites
ISBN: 1403921733

Publishers: Palgrave

Price £55

Publication Date: August 2005

Publisher's Description


The Age of Consent; Young People, Sexuality and Citizenship addresses the contentious issue of how children's sexual behaviour should be regulated. The text includes:
A unique history of age of consent laws in the UK, analysed via contemporary social theory
A global comparative survey of age of consent laws and relevant international human rights law
A critical analysis of how protectionist agendas shaped new age of consent laws in England and Wales in the Sexual Offences Act 2003
In-depth theoretical discussion of the rationale for age of consent laws
An original proposal to reduce the age of consent to 14 for young people who are less than two years apart in age

Responding to contemporary concerns about young people's sexual behaviour, sexual abuse and paedophilia, this book will engage readers in law and socio-legal studies, sociology, history, politics, social policy, youth and childhood studies, and gender and sexuality studies; and professionals and practitioners working with young people.


Contents Acknowledgements
1: INTRODUCTION
Outline of Chapters
2: THEORISING AGE OF CONSENT LAWS
Childhood and Youth
Gender and Sexuality; Heterosexuality and Homosexuality
The Meaning of Consent
Children, Sexuality, Consent and the Law
Consent and Children's Sexual Behaviour
The Rationale for Age of Consent Laws
Citizenship
Sexual Citizenship
Conclusion
3: AGE OF CONSENT LAWS IN GLOBAL PERSPECTIVE
The Globalisation of Age of Consent Debates
Age of Consent Laws in Comparative Cross-National Perspective
Sex Tourism and the Transnational Extension of Sex Offences
International Law and Human Rights
Conclusion
4: HETEROSEXUALITY AND THE AGE OF CONSENT
The Origins of Law on Childhood and Sex in the UK
Social Purity and the Age of Consent in the Late Nineteenth Century
Gender, Class, Competence and Citizenship
Parliamentary Debates
The Age of Protection
The Regulation of Male Homosexuality
Conclusion
5: HOMOSEXUALITY AND THE AGE OF CONSENT
Lesbianism and the Age of Consent in the Inter-War Years
The Wolfenden Report and the Decriminalisation of Male Homosexuality
Rethinking the Wolfenden Report's Rationale of Decriminalisation
The Male Homosexual Age of Consent
Conclusion
6: SEXUAL LIBERATIONISM AND THE SEARCH FOR NEW SEXUAL KNOWLEDGE
New Social Movements and Epistemological Transformations
Gay Liberation: Liberty, Equality and the Age of Consent
From the Margins to the Mainstream: Emerging Challenges
The Policy Advisory Committee on Sexual Offences
Heterosexuality and the Age of Consent to Sexual Intercourse
Homosexuality
Conclusion
7: EQUALITY AT LAST? AGE OF CONSENT DEBATES IN THE 1990s
Age of Consent Debates 1993-2000: An Overview
Legal Developments: Childhood and Consent
The Emergence of a New Hegemony in Age of Consent Debates
Political Discourses
Legal Discourses
Social Policy, Health and Young People's Welfare
Biomedical Knowledge of Sexual Identity and Psychological Development
Conclusion
8: NEW AGE OF CONSENT LAWS: ADULTHOOD AND CHILDHOOD
The Home Office Review of Sex Offences
'Adult Sexual Abuse of a Child'
'Child Sex Offences Committed by Children or Young Persons'
Consent in the Sexual Offences Act 2003
Conclusion
9: RETHINKING THE AGE OF CONSENT
The History of Age of Consent Laws in the UK
The Contemporary Context
Young People's Views of Age of Consent Laws
Citizenship, Sexuality and Childhood
Libertarian and Liberal Critiques of Age of Consent Laws
Youth Justice
Consent and Vulnerability
A Proposal for Reform of the Age of Consent
Bibliography
Notes
Index


Pre-publication endorsements

'...well and accessibly written, expertly researched, comprehensive, well argued and structured. This text's subject matters are of considerable current legal, political and sociological concern... An admirable piece of work in every respect.' - David T. Evans, Department of Sociology, Anthropology and Applied Social Sciences, University of Glasgow, UK

'This book is an impressive and invaluable contribution to a controversial debate. Matthew Waites shows that our perceptions of these issues have changed profoundly over the past century, traces the impact of globalization on disputes over the law worldwide, and offers a fresh perspective on how the age of consent should operate today. We can be certain that this book will be central to future debates.' - Jeffrey Weeks, Professor of Sociology, London South Bank University, UK

REVIEW

This book concerns itself with the argument as to what should be the age of consent when dealing with sexual behaviour. Included are heterosexuality and homosexuality and other sexual proclivities.  This work was funded by South Bank University Research Development Fund.

The book is well written and expertly researched with a well-argued number of arguments which will be discussed in due course. Its main concern is how the contentious issue of children’s sexual behaviour can best be regulated.

The book concerns itself initially with the age of consent in the UK and its comparison with a global survey of ages of consent and the laws associated with it in the international sphere. There is an original proposal in the book to reduce the age of consent to 14 years for young people who are less than 2 years apart in age.

The book intends to inform the readers of the laws and social and legal studies as well as the history, politics and social policy of youth and gender and sexuality studies are included.

Matthew Waites is Senior Lecturer in Sociology at Sheffield Hallam University, UK. He has published a variety of articles on young people’s sexuality and lesbian, gay and bisexual politics in the UK. He is also co-editor with Jeffrey Weeks and Janet Holland of "Sexualities and Society: A Reader" published in 2003.

The arguments presented by the author are against the intense concern about child sexual abuse and paedophilia. The author states that there are a multiplicity of laws regulating a range of different sexual acts and people with different genders and sexual identities performing them. Hence there are several ages of consent. The objective of the book is to provide a systematic analysis of how to think about the age of consent laws and the regulation of young people’s sexuality. Another objective of the book is to contribute to international research and debates concerning age and consent laws.

The major sections of the book are as follows: The theory of age of consent; The age of consent laws in global perspective; Heterosexuality in the age of consent; Homosexuality and the age of consent; and finally The Equality of the age of consent. The final chapter deals with the "Rethinking of the age of consent". This chapter is probably the primary aim in writing the book by the author as it concerns itself with how young people view the age of consent and the laws associated with it. The final section provides a proposal for the reform of the age of consent. It is made clear from the start that there are different ages of consent for different parts of the world and different societies. For example the age of consent in Malta is 12 years.

The ultimate chapter concerns itself with a proposal to reform the age of consent, considering in Great Britain that the current age of consent is profoundly flawed. The author urges therefore that the age of consent be lowered, since many young people indulge in sexual behaviour at a much younger age, many at 14-15 years of age.  At present the age of consent leaves many teenagers criminalised for having sex with individuals only a little younger than themselves. The author considers the present law therefore ineffective in constituting social norms of behaviour between young people of under 16 years of age. He suggests that there should be a new legal framework, which continues to provide the protective umbrella for children as a vulnerable group, to prevent sexual activity taking place between themselves and adults.

The author further considers the fact that circumstances change when there are small age differences between partners. He also considers it inappropriate for adults to have sex with young girls under the age of 16 and hence exploiting them. He emphasises that the age of consent be reduced to 14 years of age, but to introduce alongside this a two-year age span provision when it would be legal for sexual behaviour to occur. Needless to say the reader will need to make a choice as to whether he/she agrees with this or not. It is certainly a challenge to the current legal process involving sexual activities.

"The Age of Consent" as a book is likely to appeal to those involved in research rather than the ordinary individual, since the book from time to time has a very academic feel and hence may not appeal to the ordinary reader interested in the subject. Certainly the legal profession forensic psychologists and psychiatrists may find this book of interest and it certainly adds to the controversial debate.

Dr L F Lowenstein



Constitutional and Administrative Law, Palgrave Macmillan Law Masters

Edition: 5th

Author: John Alder

ISBN: 1403933928

Publishers: Palgrave

Price £16.99

Publication Date: March 2005


In order to understand English Law in general it is necessary to have a good working knowledge of our Constitution.


Publisher’s Title Description

Constitutional and Administrative Law provides a comprehensive and very readable introduction to the basic legal principles of the UK constitution.  Critical yet accessible, the book places the law in the context of the main political ideas which have influenced its development and discusses some of the most fundamental questions about government.  New features of the fifth edition include coverage of the Constitutional Reform Bill, recent emergency and anti-terrorism legislation, expanded coverage of judicial review, and a new chapter on the separation of powers. In addition, new 'Key Notes' are included at the start of each chapter to identify important themes.

Contents
Preface
Table of Cases
Table of Statutes
PART I: GENERAL PRINCIPLES
Introduction: Constitutional Issues and Structures
The Sources of the Constitution
An Overview of the Main Institutions of the UK Constitution
The State and the Regions of the United Kingdom
The Rule of Law
The Separation of Powers
Parliamentary Supremacy
The European Union
PART II: GOVERNMENT INSTITUTIONS
Parliament: Constitutional Position
The Composition of Parliament and Parliamentary Elections
Parliamentary Procedure
The Crown
Ministers and Departments
PART III: THE CITIZEN AND THE STATE
Judicial Review of the Executive: The Grounds of Review, I: Illegality and Ultra Vires
Judicial Review of the Executive: The Grounds of Review, II: Beyond Ultra Vires
Judicial Review Remedies
Human Rights and Civil Liberties
Freedom of Expression, Conscience, and Religion
Exceptional Powers: National Security, State Secrecy and Emergencies
Bibliography

Index

The Author


JOHN ALDER is Professor of Law at the University of Newcastle upon Tyne and has many years of experience at universities in the UK, USA, Portugal, Spain and Kenya. He is the author of many books and articles in public law, environmental law and housing law.



Title: Criminology, Conflict Resolution and Restorative Justice

Author: K.McEvoy & T.Newburn

ISBN: 0333761456

Publishers Palgrave

Price:  £50 RRP UK

Publication Date: 2003


This collection explores the intersection between criminology, conflict resolution and restorative justice. It traces the role of criminological discourses in the resolution of conflict at the macro political level (in South Africa and Northern Ireland) and the micro level in settings such as local communities, indigenous justice systems and in the youth justice system. The resulting discourse, drawing upon peacemaking criminology, human rights and restorative justice frameworks, suggests an important symbiosis between the traditionally distinct disciplines of criminology and conflict resolution peace studies.


Contents

Criminology, Conflict Resolution and Restorative Justice; K.McEvoy & T.Newburn
Criminological Ideas and the South African Transition; D.V.Z.Smit
Criminological Discourses in Northern Ireland: Conflict and Conflict Resolution; K.McEvoy & G.Ellison
Conflict Prevention and the Human Rights Framework in Africa; R.Murray
Critiquing the Critics of Peacemaking Criminology: Some Rather Ambivalent Reflections on the Theory of 'Being Nice'; J.Thomas et al
A Restorative Framework for Community Justice Practice; H.Mika & H.Zehr
Cross-Cultural Issues in Informal Juvenile Processes: Applying Urban Models to Rural Alaska Native Villages; L.Rieger
The Prospects for Restorative Youth Justice in England and Wales: A Tale of Two Acts; A.Crawford
'I Can't Name Any Names but What's His Face Up the Road Will Sort it Out': Communities and Conflict Resolution; S.Walklate

Editors
Kieran Mcevoy is Professor of Law and Transitional Justice in the School of Law, Queens University, Belfast.

Tim Newburn is Professor of Social Policy at the London School of Economics, UK.



Policing the Victorian Town: The Development of the police in Middlesbrough c. 1840-1914.

David Taylor 

Palgrave 

ISBN 0333652398

Hardcover.


The book provides a detailed account of a provincial urban police force over a period of 70 years from its inception, at a time when the fast-growing Middlesbrough had a reputation as a violent frontier town (more akin to the American West or gold-rush Australia), to the immediate pre-war years, when the force had acquired experience and maturity and contributed significantly to the creation of a largely law-abiding and policed society. Particular emphasis is placed on the experiences of all ranks of policemen, the changing nature of crime in the town and (most importantly) on the evolution of working relationships between the police and the wider, policed, community.


Review

From the point of view of police history with emphasis being placed on the experiences of all ranks of policemen, this book will take its place alongside previous published histories of particular City/Town Forces.  There remains only one "City" force, the history of which is still being written.  After the amalgamations of the 60’s only the City of London Police still exist.

A very substantial well written book with detailed drawings and maps which will be of particular interest to the people of Middlesborough

Rob Jerrard


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