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Prenuptial Agreements - Second edition
Edition: 2nd 2011
Format: Hardback
Authors: Iain Harris, Rachel Spicer
ISBN: 9781908013187
Publishers: Oxford University Press
Price: £75
Publication Date: April 2011
 

Publisher's title Information

Recent UK statistics indicate that approximately one in three marriages end in divorce, and the UK has one of the highest divorce rates in the European Union.
 
In many cases the former spouses are able reach an agreement on the division of assets and on their respective financial obligations, with assistance from their lawyers and/or mediators. Sometimes however it becomes necessary for a court to adjudicate, and many prospective marriage partners are seeking professional advice as to what steps they may take in order to mitigate the uncertainties of the courts approach to asset division and to bring, if they can, a degree of certainty to their own circumstances if their relationship should break down. The vehicle for this purpose is the Prenuptial Agreement.
 
The most significant development since the publication of the first edition of this book in April 2008 has been the Supreme Court decision in Radmacher, which held that “the court should give effect to a nuptial agreement that is entered into by each party with a full appreciation of its implications unless in the circumstances prevailing it would not be fair to hold the parties to their agreement.” This book, intended for the practitioner, examines the prenuptial agreement, its origins, purposes, enforceability and future uses.
 
It includes a digest of all the key authorities in this field, with in-depth analysis of the relevant case law. It also provides advice as to best practice and gives guidance on the appropriate form for prenuptial agreements with reference to a series of precedents that describe commonly encountered scenarios. Most importantly this new edition offers the most comprehensive study of the law relating to prenuptial agreements post-Radmacher and also includes the complete text of the Supreme Court ruling.
 
With case law now allowing pre-nuptial agreements, this timely book provides an excellent and authoritative guide to the law and drafting of these agreements.
 

Contents include:-

Table of cases
Table of statutes
Case Digest (1929 - present)
Chapter 1 Introduction to the prenuptial agreements
Chapter 2 Analysis of Case Law prior to Macleod and Radmacher
Chapter 3 Analysis of Macleod and Radmacher
Chapter 4 Trying to Make a Prenuptial Agreement Enforceable
Chapter 5 Drafting the Prenuptial- Achieving Enforceability
Chapter 6 Precedents
App A Case Digest
App B Postscript to Charman
App C “Supporting Families” Consultation Paper and the Response of the Judges of the Family Division
App D The Radmacher judgement

The Authors

Iain Harris has been as a solicitor since 1977 with a significant part of his practice being concerned with matrimonial matters in particular prenuptial agreements and financial relief. He has sat regularly as a deputy district judge on the South East circuit since his appointment in 1998.
Rachel Spicer is a barrister at 1 Hare Court. She specialises in all aspects of family finance including financial provision on divorce and child support. She is a member of the Family Law Bar Association.

Foreword to 1st Edition

THE RIGHT HON. LORD JUSTICE WILSON

For a number of reasons the law of ancillary relief in England and Wales has been slow to give effect, even in principle, to pre-nuptial agreements. Forty years ago, when I started in practice, the law was (can one credit it?) exceedingly wary of all agreements, even if reached with legal advice following the breakdown of the marriage, whether as to the basis of its dissolution, or to finance or even as to children; such agreements had to be presented to the court with respectful diffidence, ideally (so I considered) by young and inexperienced barristers. In particular, however, our law has long been proud to stand as a bulwark for the protection of wives from overbearing husbands; and the foundations of the bulwark have been driven deep. The philosophy has also been that, if you elect the status of marriage, you accept the whole package of legal consequences which attend it. There has also been distaste for the practice of catering for the breakdown of your marriage before you have even articulated your mutual vows. Finally our law of ancillary relief has been chauvinistic and thus poorly reactive to the general respect given to pre-nuptial agreements in other jurisdictions.

Now, however, the general approach of family law towards agreements has changed 180 degrees. The social and financial emancipation of women has made the bulwark cast around them by the law generally redundant. The philosophy has become that marriage is more made for man than is man for marriage, with the result that, within limits, people should be allowed to pick out the bits they want. The distaste to which I referred has given way to a perception that entry into a marriage in a romantic haze, oblivious to its likely difficulties ahead, to their capacity often to prove terminal and to the legal consequences which may then follow, is positively conducive to its failure. And the chauvinism of our law has had to be tempered by increasing international mobility and by our membership of the E.U.

In this book kin Harris and Rachel Spicer have brilliantly charted the law's fitful movement so far towards recognition of pre-nuptial agreements. The movement will surely continue in the same direction and pick up speed. It would be probably be better if the criteria for their recognition were to be spelt out in an amendment to s.25 of the Matrimonial Causes Act 1973 but, in the absence of any current appetite on the part of government to promote or even support reform of s.25, the more realistic hope is for an authoritative pronouncement in the Court of Appeal or, better still, in the future Supreme Court. But the problem for practitioners is that, however the law be finally cast, there will presumably have to be some facility for the court's departure from the terms of the agreement in a residue of cases (and here for convenience I use the label which Baron J recently commended) of "manifest unfairness". I suspect that, where the terms of a pre-nuptial agreement provide a result far removed from that which the principles of ancillary relief would otherwise yield, family judges may fall into two camps as to whether the case should fall into the residue, whatever its label; and it may arguably prove important for the courts to keep the residue within narrow bounds. Otherwise the tail will wag the dog. If the pre-nuptial agreement yields a result reasonably correlative to that provided by the general law, there is of course scant need to recognise it anyway; so principles of recognition have significance only where there is no such reasonable con-elation.

Equally the law will need to develop clear principles which govern the circlimstances pre-requisite to validity which must obtain at the time of entry into the agreement. I note with interest, for example, the suggestion of the authors that mutual disclosure might best be achieved by the swearing of affidavits in Form E. I can foresee a challenge for the courts in achieving a balance between insistence on truthful disclosure and a refusal to allow trawls through ancient affidavits in Form E which catch only trivial, unintentional error.

The subject of this book is therefore of the greatest topicality and interest for all of us who practise, in one way or another, in the field of family law. Having read it in proof, I am resolved to use it myself; and hope that you who have been4dnd enough to read this foreword may find it helpful to do likewise.

1 April 2008Nicholas Wilson

Introduction

Enthusiasm for the institution of marriage remains keen notwithstanding the current levels of breakdown.

In 2006, 2007 and 2008 (the most recent year foi- which statistics have been published) there were 239,454, 235,370 and 232,990 marriages respectively. ( National Statistics Online.)

This equates to about 21.8 men marrying per 1,000 unmarried men aged 16 and over and 19.6 women marrying per 1,000 unmarried women aged 16 and over.

In the years 2006, 2007 and 2008 there were 147,236, 136,187 and 128,837 petitions for divorce filed. Although between 2007 and 2008 the number of divorces granted in the UK decreased by 5 per cent from 128,232 to 121,779 the simple fact is that one in three marriages will end in divorce. This is one of the highest rates in the European Union.

Divorce brings with it significant problems for the spouses and children. Not least are the problems of disentangling the former spouses' financial affairs, doing what may be necessary to enable each to have a fair share of the family assets and to be able to meet their continuing financial responsibilities for each other and any children.

Many spouses are able to resolve their financial issues by agreement, often led or brokered by lawyers and/or mediators. A significant number, however, are unable to achieve such resolution by agreement. They need to ask the courts to resolve their differences and adjudicate upon asset and income division.

The courts have extremely wide powers to vary financial arrangements between parties on or at any time after pronouncement of a decree of divorce or nullity. The legislature has added to and developed these powers over the years since their introduction. The courts have interpreted them in a manner consistent with changing social and moral attitudes. For present purposes it is not necessary to go back to earlier than the last thirty years of the twentieth century.
In terms of exercise of their legal powers the courts currently have an unfettered discretion. Until the changes introduced by the Matrimonial and Family Proceedings Act 1984 the courts were required to exercise their discretion in order to place the parties, so far as practicable and, having regard to their conduct, just to do so, in the financial position in which they would have been if the marriage had not broken down and each had properly discharged his or her financial obligations and responsibilities towards the other. (2 Matrimonial Carnes Act 1973 s.25(2).)

That direction, as to the manner in which the court was to exercise its discretion, was abolished by the Matrimonial and Family Proceedings Act 1984. It had been criticised in Barrett v Barrett (3 (1981) 11 Fam Law 178 CA.)

where Cumming-Bruce L.1 in the Court of Appeal said:

"The court is enjoined, so far as practicable, to put the parties back into the situation they would have been in if the marriage had not broken down. That direction in the statute of the legislature creates for the court exactly as simple a situation as the direction in the nursery rhyme after Humpty Dumpty had tumbled off the wall to `put him together again' . It simply is not on and all that one is doing really is trying to produce an admittedly unsatisfactory situation that minimises as far as is sensible the real hardship to the loser?'

Upon its abolition in 1984, Parliament did not put anything in its place. The court's discretion to adjust the financial affairs of former spouses simply has to be exercised fairly having regard to all the circumstances of the case. As Lord Nicholls said in Miller v Miller (4 Miller v Miller, McFarlane v McFarlane [2006] 2 AC 618.)

"Fairness is an elusive concept. It is an instinctive response to a given set of facts. Ultimately it is grounded in social and moral values. These values, or attitudes, can be stated. But they cannot be justified, or refuted, by any objective process of logical reasoning. Moreover, they change from one generation to the next. It is not sutprising, therefore, that in the present context there can be different views on the requirements of fairness in any particular case?'
There is presently a significant degree of uncertainty amongst advisers as to how the court would be likely to divide assets in any particular case. As there is such a wide discretion it is to be expected that its exercise will differ between different judges and courts. No two adjustments on any set of facts by different tribunals are likely to be exactly the same.

Whilst this is clearly one of the strengths of the present discretionary system it is also one of its weaknesses in that it is impossible to predict the exact asset division a court will impose in any particular case. All that can be anticipated is a solution within broad parameters. So long as any division falls within such parameters it will be unappealable.

It is said that the "yardstick of equality of division" is a key and fundamental directive. But there can be departure from that yardstick and, in particular, the treatment of certain assets brought into the marriage remains uncertain.

Although the government attaches great weight to the importance of the family as a social unit it has indicated it has no present intention of reviewing the law in relation to asset division on marriage breakdown. This remains the position subsequent to the 2010 general election.
In Charman v Charmani the Court of Appeal took the unprecedented course of including a 20 paragraph postscript to its judgment headed "Changing the Law:" This is set out in full at Appendix B. It calls for a review of the law, endorsing, at paragraph 121, Lord Hope's speech in Miller identifying the need for reform of Scottish law and saying that arguably the English statute is in equal need of modernisation.

That call has not gone entirely unheeded. The Law Commission announced in June 2008 that it would examine the status and enforceability of marital property agreements. The Commission is due to publish a consultation paper in early 2011 when it will review the eventual timing for publication of a report and draft bill.

The most significant development since the publication of the first edition of this book in April 2008 has been the Supreme Court decision in Radmacher. The essential proposition handed down in that decision is that "the court should give effect to a nuptial agreement that is entered into by each party with a full appreciation of its implications unless in the circumstances prevailing it would not be fair to hold the parties to their agreement".

It therefore comes as no surprise that an increasing number of prospective marriage partners are seeking professional advice as to what steps they may take in order to mitigate the uncertainties of the courts' approach to asset division and to bring, if they can, a degree of certainty to their own circumstances if their relationship should break down.

The vehicle for this purpose is the prenuptial agreement. This book, intended for the practitioner, examines the prenuptial agreement, its origins, purposes, enforceability and future uses. It contains practical advice as to best practice and gives guidance upon the appropriate form for prenuptial agreements.


Mediation Advocacy
Edition: 2nd 2011
Format: Hardback
Author: Andrew Goodman
ISBN: 978-1-908013-00-2
Publishers: Nova Law
Price: £55
Publication Date: January 2011
 

Publisher's Title Information

Mediation Advocacy is a formalized negotiation requiring particular skills. It is widely used in the commercial and business arenas and it is an area of practice that is growing fast. This book examines the key skills of negotiation that lawyers need, and the rules and practices that govern the practice of mediation advocacy.
Advocacy skills in mediation are recognized as key skills by many professional bodies, for example the Bar's Professional Training Course, for which this title has been widely adopted.

Contents Include:

The role of the advocate in mediation
New in the second edition
The decision to mediate
Choosing a mediator
The pre-mediation process
The mediation hearing
Mediation privilege and confidentiality new in the second edition
Costs issues
Making a market in mediation new in the second edition
Appendices
Select List of Mediation Service Providers
Examples of Standard Form Mediation Agreements

The author of this highly successful and well-regarded work is a practising barrister and teacher of advocacy, mediation and other key legal skills. In the second edition, many other leading practitioners have also contributed, to produce a book of real authority. As a guide to one of the key professional skills, this book is an invaluable reference for legal professionals in training, and for more experienced practitioners who are seeking to enhance their expertise in this field. It will also be of interest to those in the business and commercial sectors who are involved in mediation themselves or who engage the services of a mediation advocate.

New in this edition:

· Role of the Advocate in Mediation
· Privilege and Confidentiality
· Making a Market in Mediation

The Author

Andrew Goodman has been a barrister since 1978 and an accredited CEDR mediator since 1992 practicing from chambers at 1 Chancery Lane, London in commercial, construction, partnership, franchising, professional negligence and farming disputes. He has been recommended as a leading junior in professional indemnity work and in ADR in the Legal 500 for over 15 years. He is currently Professor of Conflict Management and Dispute Resolution Studies at Rushmore University, is a visiting lecturer on the LLM/LLB Dispute Resolution programme at University College, London, and the School of Oriental and African Studies. He is also undertaking doctoral research in mediation dynamics at Birkbeck College, University of London. In November, 2007 Andrew helped launch the Standing Conference of Mediation Advocates of which he is Convenor.

Preface to the Second Edition and Acknowledgements

The original purpose of this book, which concerns the representation of parties in mediation, has not changed since it was conceived in 2006. It was and is primarily to engage lawyers in the process and structure of mediation. However the techniques and skills that are discussed and analysed should not be confined to members of the legal profession. They aught also to extend to all those providing mediation representation, including accountants, surveyors, construction, property and human resources professionals, trade union officers and experts.

There is a clear comparison between mediation with litigation as methods of dispute resolution, whether state sanctioned or wholly in private hands, and as part of this comparison the impact of the England and Wales Civil Procedure Rules (CPR) on court-managed litigation must be taken into account. Although these rules may be unfamiliar to some non-lawyer readers, there is no apology for mentioning them because of their huge influence on the dispute-resolution landscape. Hopefully all those who appear at mediation appointments will benefit from the suggestions set out here, which are intended to be practical and drawn from experience of what is a rapidly growing, but relatively new, industry.

There ought to be far less mystique about mediation, and its processes, than the mediation service providers, those bodies that train, accredit and provide mediators, would have users believe. Whatever the reasons for such mystique, it is in the interests of users to demystify the process by writing about mediation from the advocates' point of view. Representatives need to know how properly to prepare themselves and their client for the event, what to expect on the day, and how to deal with the mediator throughout his or her appointment, and in so doing to protect their client's best interests. And they need to recognise that the skills needed for non-adversarial representation are very different from trial advocacy, yet equally valid.

Both Lord Woolf in his reforms, and now Lord Justice Jackson in his Civil Costs Review, have endorsed the use of mediation wherever appropriate. It is an area that can only expand, and one that will be accepted by the next generation of lawyers as fully part of the dispute resolution landscape in which they are trained.

I gratefully acknowledge the generous foreword of Lord Justice Dyson and the support and encouragement of a number of friends and colleagues, and in particular would like to thank Philip Bartle QC, John Burgess, Beverly-Ann Rogers, David Miles, Andrew Paton, Alistair Hammerton, Michael Lind, the members of the Advisory Board of the SCMA and the members of the ADR Committee of the General Council of the Bar of England and Wales.

The Royal Institution of Chartered Surveyors Dispute Resolution Services and Littleton Dispute Resolution Services Ltd have kindly granted me permission to reproduce as appendices their current standard form mediation agreements, for which I thank them. I also wish to acknowledge the kind assistance of Michel Kallipetis QC in allowing me to draw from his paper on Mediation Privilege and Confidentiality which forms a substantial part of the new Chapter 6, and of Matthew Rushton for his original research into the mediation market which formed the basis of an article in the Mediator magazine in 2009 from which I have drawn material used in the new Chapter 8.

The first edition of this book started a debate among our fellow mediation advocates. The concept is gradually becoming more accepted. In particular at least for the England and Wales Bar Professional Training Course advocacy in ADR has become a compulsory module, and I commend this book to its students. Any constructive criticism, which is entirely welcome, can be directed to agoodman@lchancerylane.com

Andrew Goodman
1 Chancery Lane London WC2A 1LF
June, 2010.

Reviews

“The advocacy skills necessary in a mediation are quite different from those required for the (usually civilised) battle that takes place in a courtroom. That is why Mediation Advocacy is such a valuable book. It gives a great deal of very useful advice as to how to prepare for and conduct a mediation from beginning to end. It is an intensely practical book. It will be of great benefit to all those who conduct litigation.”
Lord Dyson, Justice of the Supreme Court


Credit Management for Law Firms
Edition: 2nd 2011
Format: Hardback
Author: Julia Walden
ISBN: 978-1-908013-02-6
Publishers: Nova
Price: £55
Publication Date: Jan 2011
 

Publisher's Title Information

This book is designed for those running and operating a credit management system for law firms.
With the many pressures on their finances, the law firm's focus on the need to generate cash has never been greater. Working capital is critical to law firms, to minimise borrowing and to maximise profits. Alongside policies on quality of service, the professional firm must set up and operate a credit policy that is proactive and which successfully maximises profit whilst retaining client goodwill. That policy must pervade the whole firm - including not just credit managers and accounts staff, but fee-earners and their support staff too.

Key contents:

Pre-billing: client meetings, agreeing a payment structure, the role of credit limits, types and roles of bills, techniques to increase the profitability of files
Credit control procedures: working as a team, guide to collecting legal debts, credit control systems, sample letters, telephone techniques, dealing with queries
Financial reports: setting up a system useful to all involved in dealing with the client and their debt
Precedent letters and sample systems.
The Author
Julia Walden has worked in business, and in the personal injury and the debt collection departments of international law firms. Having taken the Institute of Credit Management examinations, she moved to Lupton Fawcett as Head of Credit Control where she created their credit management system, which included regular presentations to all levels of the firm. She now runs a credit management consultancy firm and is Working Capital Manager for a multi £billion professional services sector plc.

Preface

No firm can afford to neglect the control of its finances indefinitely. Work in Progress (WIP) disbursements and debt all eat into working capital reserves affecting a firm's ability to function effectively as staff and resources have to be cut to save costs. This book is aimed at providing workable solutions to the problems of efficient working capital turnaround to firms, through the competent management of their debts ledger.
A firm which wants to exercise tight financial controls to provide maximum collections with minimum profit leakage so that it can maintain its working capital levels must have in place the following three elements:
1. Policies and procedures for the management of credit.
2. Co-operation, communication and commitment froin all ' members of staff affected by the policy.
3. A simple but effective system of reporting on the policy and procedures employed.
The sum of these three is a credit management system which provides a proactive and positive method for a function normally viewed with negativity. The credit management system is based on the following premises:
Policies and procedures are needed to govern financial management.
People need to write, run and follow these policies and procedures and therefore they need to be trained.
Firms need to review their performances in terms of policies, procedures and people and therefore need to have a reporting system in place.
This book is intended to provide the reader with the tools necessary to be able to produce a competent set of policies and procedures, to engage with all staff with confidence and encourage them to perform at their best in terms of managing credit and to produce meaningful reports which accurately reflect the continuing success (or otherwise) of the policies and people they affect.
I hope that you will find it a useful guide. It is eight years since I embarked upon setting up training programmes for credit controllers in law firms and am aware from the many people I have met in the field that credit control in a legal firm is not an easy job and is often undervalued. If you are feeling undervalued in your role take consolation from the phrase, "No prophet is accepted in his own country".
My advice to you is to be proud of what do you are undertaking an important job which benefits and maintains the health of your firm.

Julia Walden


A Walking Guide to Lawyers' London
A Walking Guide to Lawyers' London
Edition: 2nd
Format: Hardback
Author: Andrew Goodman
Forward by: Lord Falconer of Thoroton
ISBN: 978 1908013019
Publishers: Nova Law & Finance
Price: £55
Publication Date: January 2011
 

Publisher's Title Information

London's legal history is rich and diverse, and the literature and pageantry surrounding it is equally impressive. The range and scope of the city's legal buildings, from the Inns of Court, Chancery and Serjeant's Inns to the Royal Courts of Justice and Central Criminal Court are testimony to the importance of law in London life. In this illustrated volume, Andrew Goodman guides the reader around the lawyers' quarter of London on a series of walks, identifying historic and present day features.
 
This new edition is fully updated, with new additions to the walks covering refurbishments to the Temple Gate, to the Public Records Office site on Chancery Lane and the establishment of the new Supreme Court. The Da Vinci code book and film connections are also touched on.
 
With an unerring eye for detail, the author identifies historic and present day features whilst providing clear map directions. Containing over 160 illustrations, mainly in colour and including interiors not normally available to the sightseer, this book offers an invaluable guide and a unique souvenir of a highly memorable aspect of London life.

The Author

Andrew Goodman has been in private practice at the Bar of England and Wales for over 25 years. Over that period he has written extensively on the court system, its history and architecture.

Reviews to date

Global Law Review
“…nowhere in the world is there anything quite like the concentration of legal and judicial activity to be found at the southern end of the boundary between the Cities of London and Westminster. Here, within a radius of about a mile, may be found the four surviving Inns of Court and the home of the Law Society; here too were the three Serjeants' Inns and the nine Inns of Chancery, all now defunct, and a number of other institutions…grown up round the civil courts now operating at the Royal Courts of Justice in Strand, …Andrew Goodman is an engaging guide, not shy to instruct nor slow to digress. Even those who have spent their professional lives working in this area of London will learn much that is new to them.”
Lord Bingham of Cornhill, Foreword to First Edition

Foreword to the Second Edition

The law runs through the history of London as powerfully as the river Thames.

And the strength of that history is reflected in the buildings in which the law is housed in the UK's capital.

Parliament Square houses Westminster Hall, where the senior courts in England sat from the 13th to the 19th century. And the new Supreme Court building, where the final court of appeal has sat since 2009. And the House of Lords where the final court of appeal used to sit, in an inaccessible but opulent committee room on what is described as the first committee floor of the House.

Move eastwards from Parliament Square, down Whitehall, where the government departments are based, and the prime minister is housed off to the left, in Downing Street. Through Trafalgar Square onto Strand where, three quarters of a mile to the right, is the Temple, and to the left the Royal Courts of Justice. In the Temple, the banisters' chambers, in the Royal Courts of Justice, the senior courts of the English legal system.

The Royal Courts of Justice is a monument to the unbridled self-confidence of the Victorian era there was no inhibition in expressing the importance of the law. And the Temple - beautiful, private, dominated by the preservation of history and values.

Back onto Strand and travel east past Chancery Lane, which leads to Lincoln's Inn and Gray's Inn where more banisters' chambers are to be found. But also a lot more solicitors' offices, and the civic grandeur of the Law Society halfway up that thoroughfare.

Travel further down Fleet Street and up Ludgate Hill, and there on the left is the most famous criminal al court certainly in the United Kingdom, possibly in the world the Old Bailey, where perpetrators of the most brutal crimes have been tried.

The architecture and personality of these buildings impacts on those who work in them, but, much more importantly, on those who come to seek advice or to resolve their cases, or indeed their lives here.

The intensity, the history and the power of these buildings is brilliantly exposed to the reader in Andrew Goodman's much needed book. In this second edition he does what no other guide to these buildings does he explains not just their architecture and their history but their place in the culture of law in London. He is a practising barrister who understands the courts and the part of London inhabited during the long working hours by the lawyer.

The late Lord Bingham of Cornhill, in his introduction to the first edition, said the abiding impression of the book's description of the buildings was continuity. He was right. This book takes the reader on a journey through the streets of London, and through the development of the law. It's a brilliant travel book. But it is much more than that. It reveals and illuminates a part of London in a way that even Dickens did not attempt in its breadth and its insight.

Me Rt. Hon. Lord Falconer of Thoroton QC London

November 2010

Review

There is something very special about London: it draws us all there as young people and its history and fascination still hold a special place in my heart. It is the history which has always spoken to me.

If you were to try to find the centre of that heart, it would for me as a retired City of London Policeman lead you to one part. This book concentrates on the City of London and its surrounds, and it was as a young Constable walking the beat that I realised that there was history in every street, indeed in every step and in the names - French Ordinary Court, London Wall and Houndsditch to name just three.

The book covers nine walks, which apart from one, 'Palace of Westminster' all are either in the City of London or west of it in the City of Westminster, which were once separated by open countryside.

Walk 2, 'Strand and Southern Inns of Chancery' are wholly outside the City of London because the furthest east the walk takes us is just to Essex Street. Even Walk 3, 'The Royal Courts of Justice' keeps us west of the City, but only just because Bell Yard is right on the border. Walk 4, 'The Temple' where 'The bloody- minded Lawyers enjoy themselves' (see Page 152) and still you are not in the City of London because this is private property where none may go without permission.

Walk 5 is wholly within the City of London, 'Fleet Street to the Old Bailey', Old Bailey being the name of the street because the court is the Central Criminal Court.

Walk 6 and we are out of the City of London and again we go west to 'Chancery Lane'. Walk 7 is 'Lincoln's Inn and the Fields'. Walk 8 is in and out of the City of London, 'Holborn and the Northern Inn of Chancery' and we visit Inns that no longer exist, Staple Inn, Furnival's Inn was an Inn of Chancery which formerly stood on the site of the present Holborn Bars building, the former Prudential Insurance Company building, Barnard's Inn which was badly damaged during the Gordon Riots in 1780 and Thavies Inn . Our last walk is 'Gray's Inn' the most northerly.

I am not surprised the first edition sold out, the photography is stunning and I believe this edition too will become a collectors' item, but more importantly for me it will take its place alongside my other books on London, because, 'when a man is tired of London he is tired of life'. Samuel Johnson.
 
Rob Jerrard


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