Jessica Kingsley books Reviewed in 2010

Why Me?
A Programme for Children and Young People Who Have Experienced Victimization
With DVD
Edition: 1st
Format: Paperback
Authors: Shellie Keen, Tracey Lott &Pete Wallis
ISBN: 978-1-84905-097-5
Publishers: Jessica Kingsley
Price: £29.78
Publication Date: 2010

Publisher's Title Information

Accessible and easy to use
Can be photocopied fully
Features activities
Templates and handouts
The experience of victimization often leaves a child or young person frightened, lacking in confidence, or emotionally vulnerable and they can turn to crime in response to being a victim. Coming to terms with what happened and understanding their feelings and reactions is therefore vital to a full recovery.
Why Me? is a programme designed to help children and young people recover from the experience of victimization, through use of exercises, activities and a DVD. These explore the young person's feelings both when they were victimized and afterwards, their needs, their personal strengths and encourage them to think about their support network. Activities include drawing, making graphs, writing letters, and thinking about how the children feel about what happened and their recovery. The book also includes guidance for adults working with young people and case examples that demonstrate how best to use the programme. The DVD contains real-life stories of young people who have been victimized and supports the exercises in the book.
Why Me? is an essential resource for any adult who may encounter a child or young person who has been victimized, including social workers, youth workers, teachers, police, education welfare officers and victim support and witness service workers.


Acknowledgements. Preface. Part 1. Background. Part 2. Worksheets and exercises. Step 1. Getting to know me and what's happened. 1.1. Getting to know me questionnaire. 1.2. Getting to know me - the shield. 1.3. Telling it like it was. Step 2. Exploring feelings, thoughts and behaviours. 2.1. Early warning signs. 2.2. Feelings, thoughts and behaviour. 2.3. My feelings graph. 2.4. Crime can tear people apart…and putting back the pieces. 2.5. The Blob Tree. 2.6. Feelings thermometer. 2.7. Letter to the person that hurt me. 2.8. Strengths checklist. 2.9. Growing happy feelings. 2.10. My unwritten rules. Step 3. Moving On. 3.1. My personal support network. 3.2. Risking for a purpose. 3.3. My harmony tree. 3.4. A letter to myself. 3.5. Positive self-talk. 3.6. What has changed? 3.7. The dream catcher. 3.8. Safe place. Part 3. Further resources. Examples of the exercises in practice. Guidance and tools for using the DVD. Useful resources.

Reviews to Date

'It is clear that we need to do more to help children who have been victims of crime. This book will enable people to do exactly that - help people get started with some tried and tested advice and techniques to help young victims.' - Sara Payne, Victims' Champion
'This resource effectively promotes Protective Behaviours - an approach to personal safety and protection from abuse, crime and bullying - as a process which is life enhancing, giving people the strategies to keep themselves feeling safe.' - Maria Huffer, Service and Development Coordinator, Protective Behaviours UK


Reducing crime and improving the justice system is a central part of the Government's effort to build safer communities and to drive down crime. Crime can have devastating consequences for victims and their families, and it is therefore important that support is available that meets individuals' needs.

The Youth Crime Action Plan (YCAP), a cross-Government initiative, was published in July 2008. The plan sets out a triple-track approach of enforcement and punishment, support and prevention. The YCAP contains a chapter dedicated to supporting young people who are victims of crime and to improving support for young witnesses to attend court. One of the commitments made in this chapter is to pilot innovative ways to support young people experiencing victimization and to ensure good practice is taken forward. Since December 2008, five pilot projects have been testing a number of initiatives to improve support for young people who have been victims of crime.

This resource and its sister publication Are You Okay? A Practical Guide to Helping Young Victims of Crime by Pete Wallis (also published by Jessica Kingsley Publishers) were produced by the Oxfordshire Young Victims of Crime Project, which is one of the five pilots. The materials contained within Why Me? have been tried and tested by specially selected project support staff drawn from a variety of backgrounds including victim support, youth offending, youth service, police and school counselling. They were recruited to deliver the materials on individual basis to young people who had experienced victimization, over a course of up to six sessions. The materials within this resource have been developed to reflect both the needs of the supporting adults and those of the young people experiencing victimization.

Supporting Traumatized Children and Teenagers
A Guide to Providing Understanding and Help
Edition: 1st
Format: Paperback
Author: Atle Dyregrov
ISBN: 978-1-84905-034-0
Publishers: Jessica Kingsley
Price: £19.99
Publication Date: 2010
Publisher's Title Information

Supporting Traumatized Children and Teenagers is an accessible, comprehensive book providing an overview of the impact of trauma on children and adolescents and how they can be supported following trauma.
Trauma can result from a range of experiences from bullying to witnessing violence to living through war. This book explores the different reactions children may experience, and the impact trauma can have. Variables affecting the impact of trauma are explored such as different developmental stages, gender, the reactions of friends and parents, the child's personality, and their caring environment. Appropriate and effective ways of helping children after a traumatic event are outlined, and different types of therapy, such as group therapy and cognitive behavioural therapy, are discussed. The book offers case examples and practical tips throughout, and includes a chapter on how someone working with a traumatized child can help and look after themselves.
This book will be invaluable to a range of professionals working with traumatized children including counsellors, child and family social workers and therapists, as well as others involved with traumatized children such as foster carers and teachers.


Preface. 1. What is trauma? 2. Children's reactions during and after traumatic events. 3. Some important aspects of trauma. 4. Girls and boys - alike or different? 5. The significance of friends following a trauma. 6. What promotes risk and what protects? 7. Help for children following trauma. 8. Groups for children following trauma. 9. Post-traumatic therapy 10. Traumas and the school. 11. Being a helper. Conclusion. Appendix 1 Post-Traumatic Problems Help for Preschool and Early School-Age Children (4-7 years) Appendix 2 Post-Traumatic Problems Help for School-Age Children. Index.

Reviews to date

'Based on unparalleled clinical experience, this book describes and explains how children of all ages can be affected by traumatic experiences. It is illustrated by many examples from actual cases and so the children's voices are heard loud and clear. Factors affecting normal psychological growth and adjustment are considered as are those in the child, the family and the broader environment that promote resilience and mitigate against the worst effects of traumatic events. Current best practices in intervention, both at home and in school, are described in clear, non-dogmatic ways, and this should help all those working with or caring for children to access better help. This is a must-read for everyone involved in promoting the welfare of children.' - William Yule, Emeritus Professor of Applied Child Psychology, Institute of Psychiatry, King's College London, UK
'This book is essential reading for anyone who has contact with children and young people who have experienced a traumatic event. Firmly grounded within a strong evidence base the author draws upon his extensive experience to provide many practical ideas about how children can be helped to talk about and cope with their trauma. This is an excellent book that will be an invaluable resource for anyone who is supporting a child through a traumatic event.'
- Professor Paul Stallard, University of Bath, UK


Up until very recently, the general assumption has been that children are affected by traumatic events only to a limited extent. The expression 'out of sight, out of mind' was presumed to be a reflection of a child's reality. If adults only avoided speaking about what had happened, the child would forget and grow out of any problems. This attitude remains prevalent, and adults will frequently deny children access to information, to participation in rituals or to knowledge about how adults are feeling.

Although children should have the right to forget and be permitted to decide for themselves how much they wish to speak about painful topics, we know that 'protection' from the realities of life can hurt more than help them.

This book is intended as a helpful tool for adults, both specialists and lay people, in their meetings with children who have experienced traumas, or as .a form of preparation for such situations. Some parts of the text may seem obvious to those who already have a lot of knowledge, while other parts may be difficult for those who do not have experience of working with traumatized children. When interventions are described, the emphasis has been on including a number of concrete methods that can alleviate the impact of trauma. These are found predominantly in the therapy chapter (Chapter 9). Many of these methods can be used as self-help methods, without it being necessary for adults to have the expertise of trained therapists in order to be able to help children in using them. I have attempted to cover the field in such a way as to make it possible for many to benefit from the presentation. I hope I have been successful in this endeavour.

Although a single author is listed as responsible for this book, it is of course a product of collaboration and discussions with others working within the field. First and foremost, colleagues at the Center for Crisis

Psychology have been of great significance in my work on the book. The many discussions, and in particular the unique climate of mutual respect and professional inspiration found at the Center, have provided insight and energy for the writing process. Although all my colleagues have been important, Magne Raundalen must be singled out. His generosity and intellectual breadth have held a unique importance for my work with traumatized children in general and with this book in particular.

Professor Emeritus William Yule in London and his colleagues have given me valuable support over the course of many years. Although they are not responsible for what I have written in this book, the many conversations and discussions we have had, and everything that they have taught me, have influenced the presentation.

My dear wife has made extremely valuable contributions towards understanding the reactions of children and adults in confrontation with a potentially traumatizing death, in addition to the warm support she has provided on the home front. Without the added benefits of her professional experience in this field, the writing process would have been too great a burden to bear. My children and grandchild have also provided,me with the energy for new projects.

I am also extremely thankful that we have received funding from Denmark for 'Grief center a research project funded by the Egmont Fund'. This makes possible increased knowledge and improved assistance for the many children who experience traumatic death.

Are You Okay?
A Practical Guide to Helping Young Victims of Crime
Edition: 1st
Format: Paperback
Author: Pete Wallis
ISBN: 978-1-84905-098-2
Publishers: Jessica Kingsley
Price: £14.99/$24.95
Publication Date: 2010
Publisher's Title Information

How do you spot the signs that a young person has been victimised? What do you do if you are approached by a young person who has been affected by crime or bullying? What is the impact of crime and how can you best aid the young person's recovery?
Are You Okay deals with these issues that many adults may face when trying to help a young person in their care in the aftermath of a crime. It provides detailed information on the different types of crime from assault and hate crime to cyberbullying and sexual abuse, and explores how they may affect the young person in different ways. The author also addresses difficult issues such as dealing with fears of retaliation, confidentiality and whether a crime should be reported, the grey area between crime and bullying and how best to assess the young person's needs.
This accessible guide will be essential reading for anyone working with children and young people aged 8+, including social workers, youth workers, teachers, police, education welfare officers and victim support and witness service workers.


Acknowledgements. Introduction. Key Concepts: Protective Behaviours and Restorative Approaches. Part 1. 'What happened?' The crimes and their consequences. 1. The crimes. 2. Indirect victimization or 'hidden harm'. 3. Understanding the effects of crime and recognizing the signs. Part 2. 'You are not alone' stepping in to help. 4. Raising the issue and responding well. 5. Assessment, confidentiality and reporting. Part 3. 'What will happen now?' The criminal justice system. 6. A swift navigation through the criminal justice system. 7. Restorative approaches. 8. The overlap between offending and victimization. 9. Next steps. Conclusion. Resources. Index.


'It is clear that we need to do more to help children who have been victims of crime. This book will enable people to do exactly that - help people get started with some tried and tested advice and techniques to help young victims.'
- Sara Payne, Victims' Champion

Part of the Introduction


Reducing youth crime and improving the youth justice system is a central part of the Government's effort to build safer communities and to drive down crime. Crime can be devastating for those who are hurt and for their families. It is important that support is available that meets individuals' needs.

The Youth Crime Action Plan (YCAP), a cross-government analysis of what the Government is going to do to tackle youth crime, was published in July 2008.! The plan sets out a 'triple-track' approach of enforcement, support and prevention. The YCAP contains a chapter dedicated to supporting young people who become victims of crime and improving support for young witnesses to attend court. One of the commitments made in this chapter is to pilot innovative ways of supporting those young people and ensure good practice is taken forward.

Since December 2008 five pilot projects have been testing a number of initiatives to improve support for young people who have been victimized. Activities range from wider support, such as at school assemblies, to more targeted support, such as the development of the Multi-Agency Risk Assessment Conference (MARAC) model to work with young people affected by serious violent crime. This book, and its sister book Why Me?, have been produced by the Oxfordshire Young Victims of Crime Project, which is one of the five pilots. At the end of the pilot phase the five areas made a local pledge stating how they will continue to support young people affected by crime. Good practice guidance is available to help other practitioners improve support to young people in their areas and make their own local pledge.2

Who is this book for?

This book is intended to provide simple, common sense information and practical guidance for any adult (or peer listener, counsellor, mediator or mentor) working with young people around issues of crime and victimization.

Introduction to Counselling Survivors of Interpersonal Trauma
Edition: 1st
Format: Paperback
Author: Christiane Sanderson
ISBN: 978-1-84310-962-4
Publishers: Jessica Kingsley
Price: £22.50
Publication Date: 2009
Publisher's Title Information

Victims of sexual and physical trauma can feel lost and disconnected from themselves and others. Christiane Sanderson's new book explains how counsellors can restore connection to self and others, and facilitate recovery within a safe and supportive therapeutic relationship.
To understand fully the harm caused by interpersonal trauma, professionals must first recognize its complex nature, and the psychological and emotional impact of exposure to control and terror. This book examines the therapeutic techniques and specific challenges faced by professionals when working with survivors of interpersonal trauma. The author explores issues such as safety and protection, the long-term effects of trauma and the importance of visiting past experiences and assessing their impact on the present.
This book is essential reading for counsellors, therapists, social workers, mental health professionals, health care professionals including GPs and midwives, legal professionals and all those working with survivors of interpersonal trauma such as sexual violence, child abuse, domestic abuse, elder abuse, institutional abuse and abuse by professionals
Introduction. PART I. Chapter 1. What is Interpersonal Trauma? Chapter 2. The Dynamics of Interpersonal Trauma. Chapter 3. The Impact and Long Term Effects of Interpersonal Trauma. Chapter 4. Creating a Secure Base: Fundamental Principles of Safe Trauma Therapy Chapter 5 Working with Interpersonal Trauma. PART II. Chapter 6. Child Abuse as Interpersonal Trauma. Chapter 7. Child Sexual Abuse as Interpersonal Trauma. Chapter 8. Rape as Interpersonal trauma . Chapter 9. Sexual Exploitation: Child and Adult Prostitution, Human Trafficking and Sexual Slavery Chapter 10. Domestic Abuse as Interpersonal Trauma. Chapter 11. Elder Abuse as Interpersonal Trauma Chapter 12. Institutional Abuse as Interpersonal Trauma Chapter 13. Professional Abuse as Interpersonal Trauma Chapter 14. Professional Challenges and Impact of Counselling Survivors of Interpersonal Trauma. PART III. Chapter 15. Professional Issues. Chapter 16. Impact of Counselling Survivors of Interpersonal Trauma. Resources. Bibliography. Index.

The Author

Christiane Sanderson is a lecturer in Psychology at London University, Birkbeck College, and visiting lecturer in the School of Human and Life Sciences, Roehampton University. With 21 years' experience working in child sexual abuse interpersonal abuse and trauma, she has provided consultancy and training to parents, teachers, social workers, nurses, therapists, counsellors, the NSPCC and the Metropolitan Police Service.
The betrayal of trust and dehumanisation in interpersonal trauma creates paradoxes that distort the survivor's reality, leading to alterations in perception, withdrawal and disconnection from self and others. Christiane Sanderson's new book explains how counsellors can help to restore reality and promote re-connection to self and others to facilitate recovery within a safe and supportive therapeutic relationship.
The book provides a solid understanding of the nature, dynamics, impact and long-term effects of interpersonal trauma, and explains how to create a secure therapeutic base from which to explore and integrate its effects. Clinical examples are used throughout to highlight the unique features of each type of interpersonal trauma and to illustrate how to work most effectively with survivors of such trauma. Professional challenges and the impact of counselling survivors of interpersonal trauma are also examined in order to minimise the risk of vicarious traumatisation and secondary traumatic stress.

A Non-Violent Resistance Approach with Children in Distress
A Guide for Parents and Professionals
Edition: 1st
Format: Paperback
Author: Carmelite Avraham-Krehwinkel and David Aldridge
ISBN: 9781843104841
Publishers: Jessica Kingsley
Price: £17.99
Publication Date: 2009

Parents, teachers and other professionals often struggle to know how to deal with disruptive, abusive or aggressive behaviour. This book addresses the urgent need for a realistic, practical and effective approach to dealing with severe disruptive behaviour in children and adolescents.
Adapting the principles of non-violent resistance originally advocated by Mahatma Gandhi, the book provides de-escalation techniques which empower the adult and unburden the distressed child. The authors outline the theoretical basis upon which the approach was developed, and explain how and why it can be so effective. Case studies demonstrate how the approach can be used to reach more successful places with unhappy and disruptive children of different ages. A separate section for parents provides useful advice on how to take the theoretical material and use it to deal with problematic behaviour in everyday life.
As effective as it is original, this approach will empower desperate parents and despairing caregivers by equipping them with hands-on tools to contain, counter and positively direct the aggression and opposition which they face from children in distress.

Introduction. 1. The Politics of Family Conflict. 2. An Ecological Approach. 3. The Non-Violent Resistance Model. 4. From Theory to Practice - The Intervention. 5. Young Child with Self-Destructive Behaviour. 6. A Barricaded Teenager. 7. A Teen at Risk. 8. Family and Community. 9. The Child, the Parent and the School. 10. The Model of Non-violent Resistance - A Guidebook for Parents. 11. Overview. References.

The Authors
Dr. Carmelite Avraham-Krehwinkel is an affiliate researcher at the Nordoff Robbins Centre in Witten, Germany. She has many years of experience in child, adolescent and family psychotherapy, and specialises in working with children with behavioural problems.
David Aldridge is Co-Director of the Nordoff Robbins Centre, Witten, Germany and Visiting Professor for the Creative Arts Therapies, Bradford Dementia Group, University of Bradford, UK.

Quick Guide to Community Care, Practice and the law
Edition: 1st
Format: Paperback
Author: Michael Mandelstam
ISBN: 978 1849050838
Publishers: Jessica Kingsley
Publication Date: 2010
Publisher's Information:

This short guide cuts through the confusing mass of legislation to provide a concise and jargon-free explanation of current community care practice and the law.
In clear and simple language, it explains the legislation directly relevant to practitioners, including: rules about how people in need get an assessment from local authorities; the assessment of need itself; eligibility for actually getting a service (and the "fair access to care" policy); charging for services; ordinary residence; topping up of care home fees; assessing informal carers; and the rules about asylum seekers. It provides an overview and analysis of high profile issues such as direct payments, personal budgets and the policy of personalisation and National Health Service provision, including the vexed issue of NHS continuing health care. It also highlights the duties placed on local authorities and the NHS, the various tensions underlying community care, and the consequent shortcuts - both lawful and unlawful - that local authorities and the NHS feel obliged to take.
Quick Guide to Community Care Practice and the Law is an essential resource for busy practitioners at all levels as well as managers in both the statutory and voluntary sectors, policy-makers in local authorities and the NHS, advocates, lawyers and social work students.

1.Introduction. 2. How Community Care Law and Practice Works. 3. When Things Go Wrong. 4. Getting a Community Care Assessment and Getting Services. 5. Community Care Services: Care Homes. 6. Community Care Services: Help in People's Own Homes. 7. Informal Carers. 8. Direct Payments: Giving People Money. 9. Personalisation and Safeguarding. 10. Asylum and Immigration. 11. Ordinary Residence. 12. Home Adaptations. 13. National Health Service. 14. Continuing NHS Health Care. 15. Mental Capacity, Human Rights, Disability Discrimination. 16. Health and Safety at Work Legislation, and the Law of Negligence. Index.

The Author
Michael Mandelstam has worked independently for thirteen years providing legal training, advice and consultancy to local authorities, the NHS and voluntary organisations. Prior to this, he worked at the Disabled Living Foundation, a national voluntary organisation, before moving to the Social Services Inspectorate at the Department of Health. He holds postgraduate qualifications in law, information studies and the history of science and medicine.

Tackling Addiction
Pathways to Recovery
Edition: 1st
Format: Paperback
Author: Edited by Rowdy Yates and Margaret S Malloch
ISBN: 9781849050173
Publishers: Jessica Kingsley
Price: £22.99 / $32.95
Publication Date: 2010

Publisher's Information:
The issue of 'recovery' has been increasingly prioritised by policymakers in recent years, but the meaning of the concept remains ambiguous. This edited collection brings together the thoughts and experiences of researchers, practitioners and service users from the fields of health, addiction and criminal justice and centres on current developments in addiction policy and practice.
Tackling Addiction examines what recovery, addiction and dependence really mean, not only to the professional involved in rehabilitation but also to each individual client, and how 'coerced treatment' fails to take account of recovery as a long-term and ongoing process. Chapters cover the influence of crime and public health in UK drug policy; the ongoing emphasis on substitute prescribing; the role of recovery groups and communities; and gendered differences in the recovery process and implications for responses aimed at supporting women.
Tackling Addiction will be essential reading for practitioners, researchers, policy makers and students in the fields of addiction, social care, psychology and criminal justice.

Acknowledgements. List of Contributors. Introduction. Margaret S. Malloch, University Of Stirling, UK and Rowdy Yates, University Of Stirling, UK. 1. The Road Less Travelled? A Short History of Addiction Recovery. Rowdy Yates and Margaret S. Malloch. 2. Mapping Routes to Recovery: The Role of Recovery Groups and Communities. David Best, University of The West Of Scotland, UK. 3. Recovery in the Project: A South East Alternative Journey. Dharmacarini Khuladarini, Turning Point Scotland, UK. 4. Women in Recovery. Betsy Thom, Middlesex University, UK. 5. The Therapeutic Community as a Recovery Oriented Treatment Pathway and the Emergence of a Recovery Oriented Integrated System. George De Leon, NYU School Of Medicine, USA. 6. NW ROIS: Recovery Oriented Integrated Systems in North-West England. Mark Gilman, National Treatment Agency for Substance Misuse, UK and Rowdy Yates. 7. The Therapeutic Community as a Method of Intervention. Wendy Dawson, Ley Community, Oxford, UK and Albert Zandvoort, The Bayberry Clinic, UK. 8. Voices of Recovery. David Bryce, Carl Edwards, Maggie and Annemarie W. 9. Recovery, a Clinical Reality. Brian Kidd, University Of Dundee and NHS Tayside Substance Misuse Services, UK. 10. Evidence and Policy - Crime and Public Health in UK Drug Policy. Alex Stevens, University Of Kent, UK. 11. Recovery, Desistance and 'Coerced' Drug Treatment. Tim McSweeney, King's College London, UK. 12. Some Concluding Reflections and Future Considerations. Margaret S. Malloch and Rowdy Yates.

The Authors
Rowdy Yates is Senior Research Fellow in Scottish Addiction Studies, Department of Applied Social Science, University of Stirling.
Margaret S. Malloch is Senior Research Fellow in the Scottish Centre for Crime and Justice Research, University of Stirling. She is also the author of Women, Drugs and Custody.

Young Children's Rights
Exploring Beliefs, Principles and Practice
Edition: 2nd edition
Format: Paperback
Author: Priscilla Alderson
Foreword by Mary John
ISBN: 9781843105992
Publishers: Jessica Kingsley
Price: £19.99
Publication Date: 2009
Publisher's Title Information

Priscilla Alderson examines the often overlooked issue of the rights of young children, starting with the question of how the 1989 UN Convention on the Rights of the Child applies to the youngest children, from birth to eight years of age. The question of finding a balance between young children's rights to protection, to provision (resources and services) and to participation (expressing their views, being responsible) is discussed. The author suggests that, in the belief we are looking after their best interests, we have become overprotective of children and deny them the freedom to be expressive, creative and active, and that improving the way adults and children communicate is the best way of redressing that balance.
This second edition has been updated and expanded to include the relevance of UNCRC rights of premature babies, international examples such as the Chinese one-child policy, children's influence on regional policies, and the influence on young children's lives of policies such as Every Child Matters and those of the World Bank, IMF, OECD and UNICEF.
This readable, informative and thought-provoking book is a compelling invitation to rethink our attitudes to young children's rights in the light of new theories, research and practical evidence about children's daily lives. It will be of interest to anyone who works with young children.

Praise for the first edition:
'There is much to be commended in Alderson's book, … It is written with clarity and passion and adopts a child-centred perspective, and most of Alderson's points are well backed up with appropriate, illustrative, research and practice examples. …' - Child Abuse Review Vol. 11: 124-132 (2002)
'This book will prove invaluable to any who are involved in research or professional practice with children. It is also carefully and quietly making 'child-citizens' thinkable. A final commendation is that it takes the 'tough' cases of young children and babies as its primary focus and still makes a very reasonable and compelling case for their abilities to participate in decision-making.' - Infant and Child Development
'This is a highly accessible book that is a useful contribution to the debate about the children's rights and citizenship. It will provide a stimulating and thought-provoking read for anyone who works with (or is a parent of) young children and, despite the fact that she did not win over this reader entirely, Alderson has given fresh impetus to the need to continually rethink our attitude to children's rights'. - International Journal of Early Years Education
'This book does more than simply present an argument for greater consultation of children by the adults who care for them. It gives practical suggestions as to different approaches adults can take to consulting with young children and also includes some brief case studies of good practice. These highlight the case that we all too often underestimate the potential children have to act as socially responsible citizens, whether through a genuine lack of understanding of what children are capable of, or through an anxiety about a loss of control.' - International Journal of Early Years Education
'The book contains a lot of common sense and explores events that occur every day in our schools as well as issues I have not yet had to deal with. She stresses that we need to teach children that sometimes they have a choice, but at other times there is no choice. Her argument is that if children can choose on occasions, it is then easier to accept that sometimes they can't.
She offers arguments both for and against young children being consulted in matters which affect them. The book gives clear suggestions of how to deal with possible barriers put up by adults who feel they should be the decision makers. All this provides interesting reading and the basis for a good discussion. It made me think about the school councils I have sat on: very thought provoking…Young Children's Rights gives us a chance to rethink our attitudes to young children's rights in the light of new theories, research and practical evidence."
- Professionalism in Practice
'This book will prove invaluable to any who are involved in research for professional practice with children. It is also carefully and quietly making 'child-citizens' thinkable. A final commendation is that it takes the 'tough' cases of young children and babies as its primary focus and still makes a very reasonable and compelling case for their abilities to participate in decision-making. - Infant & Child Development
'Strange that almost ten years on from the UK ratification from the UN Convention on the Rights of the Child (CRC) this book, commissioned by Save the Children, should strike such a powerful and challenging note. Two main reasons, As Priscilla Alderson makes clear, is that it deals mainly with 'participation' rights, rather than 'protection' or 'provision' rights (in the commonly used '3 Ps' grouping of CRC articles) and that it is concerned with children under eight, including babies and children with learning disabilities… Young children's rights is highly readable, drawing on the authors important research experience in this field as well as being 'a practical collection of ideas and examples'… Alderson explores the benefits and perceived disadvantages. for young children and adults of consulting and involving them, and confirms that in the end it is an issue of power sharing… Overall this book makes a most valuable as well as enjoyable contribution to the understanding and promotion of young children's participation rights.' - Young Minds magazine
'This thought-provoking book addresses the practical issues of the rights of children. Priscilla Alderson considers how children's views, ideas and perspectives can be encouraged and the possible blocks that adults find to avoid even trying to consult with younger citizens. The author points out that 'giving children a voice' as a popular slogan but children already have voices; the adult task is to listen.' - Nursery World
'Each chapter is richly illustrated with case studies drawn from research into and practical experience of helping children to participate in decision-making. Though she is careful to point out that the book is not a "how-to" of children's rights, Alderson takes us step-by-step through the objections to the notion of children's rights that we may have, through answers to those objections and through methods of involving and consulting children in decision-making. One of the most appealing features of the book is that Alderson consistently acknowledges that practicing children's rights is likely to pose emotional challenges for adults whether they think of themselves as pro or anti-children's rights. She makes the grounds and nature of these often-inarticulate qualms clear, and is equally clear that children should not have to bear the burden of problems that adults have with their adulthood. This book will prove invaluable to any who are involved in research or professional practice with children. It is also carefully and quietly making "child-citizens" thinkable. A final commendation is that it takes the "tough" cases of young children and babies as its primary focus and still makes a very reasonable and compelling case for their abilities to participate in decision-making.' - Infant and Child Development
'It is a joy to read such a book, which puts into words dearly held principles that are rarely clearly expressed. Alderson discusses the importance of treating young children as individuals and as holders of rights. Professionals working with children in family proceedings struggle to articulate the issues debated here in the course of daily work, in reports, in explaining our role to children and parents and in fighting the child's corner in negotiations, both in and out of court… Practitioners who work regularly with children will find this book helpful. It articulates the issues and the importance of treating all children with respect, as holders of views, which should be taken seriously… The creativity and good sense of children's solutions to problems affecting them are illustrated in a way that is helpful and illuminating. It contributes to the canon of work illustrating why consulting with children is so important in reaching good solutions for them.' - Seen and Heard
Acknowledgements. Foreword, by Mary John. Introduction. 1. Children's Provision Rights. 2. Children's Protection Rights. 3. Children's Participation Rights. 4. Young Children as People. 5. Beliefs and Feelings About Consulting Young Children. 6. Methods and Levels of Involving Young Children. 7. Consulting Young Children and Taking Risks. 8. Working Together: Sharing Decisions and Responsibility. 9. The Key Messages from the Evidence and Experience. References. Subject Index. Author Index.

Psychiatry in Prisons
A Comprehensive Handbook
Edition: 1st
Format: Paperback
Author: Edited by Simon Wilson and Ian Cumming
ISBN: 978-1-84310-223-
Publishers: Jessica Kingsley
Price: £34.99
Publication Date: 15 Oct 2009
Publisher's Title Information

Psychiatry in Prisons provides a comprehensive overview of the history, problems and development of psychiatric health care in prisons, focusing particularly on the UK. The contributors tackle a broad range of issues, from familiar mental health issues such as substance misuse, self-injury and health screening to complex legal, moral and philosophical dilemmas. It also draws comparisons with the US correctional mental health system and the delivery of mental health services in New Zealand prisons.
This comprehensive guide is an indispensible resource for psychiatrists, psychiatric nurses, prison medical officers, probation officers, prison discipline staff and any other professionals concerned with mental health care in custodial settings.

List of Figures and Tables. Notes on Contributors. Preface and Acknowledgements. Introduction - The History of Prison Psychiatry, Simon Wilson and Ian Cumming. Chapter 1. The Current Structure of the Prison Service, John Podmore, Head of Corruption Prevention Unit, National Offender Management Service. Chapter 2. Delivering Mental Health Services in Prison, Janet Parrott, Chair, Forensic Psychiatry Faculty, Royal College of Psychiatrists. Chapter 3. Health Screening in Prisons, Don Grubin, Professor of Forensic Psychiatry, Newcastle University and Honorary Consultant Forensic Psychiatrist, Newcastle Tyne and Wear NHS Trust. Chapter 4. Mentally Ill Prisoners and Mental Health Issues in Prison, Ian Cumming and Simon Wilson. Chapter 5. Suicide, Attempted Suicide and Self-injury in Prison, David Crighton, Acting Chief Psychologist, Ministry of Justice and Visiting Professor of Forensic Psychology, Roehampton University, London. Chapter 6. Managing Substance Misuse in Prison, James Tighe, Senior Nurse, Substance Misuse Programme, Oxleas NHS Foundation Trust. Chapter 7. The Young Offender, Julie Withecombe, Consultant in Adolescent Forensic Psychiatry, Bracton Centre, Dartford. Chapter 8. Women in Prison, Richard Taylor, Consultant Forensic Psychiatrist, North London Forensic Service and Lecturer, Department of Mental Health and Behavioural Sciences, University College London and Jessica Yakeley, Consultant Psychiatrist in Forensic Psychotherapy, Portman Clinic, Tavistock. Chapter 9. Elderly Prisoners, Seena Fazel, Clinical Senior Lecturer in Forensic Psychiatry, Oxford University and Preeti Chhabra, Specialist Registrar in Forensic Psychiatry, Maudsley Hospital, London. Chapter 10. People with Intellectual Disabilities in Prison, Kiriakos Xenitidis, Consultant Psychiatrist, South London & Maudsley NHS Trust, Maria Fotiadou, Consultant Psychiatrist, South London & Maudsley NHS Trust and Glynis Murphy, Joint Chair of Clinical Psychology, University of Kent. Chapter 11. Black and Minority Ethnic Prisoners, David Ndegwa, Clinical Director and Consultant Forensic Psychiatrist, River House, South London & Maudsley NHS Foundation Trust. Chapter 12. Sex Offenders and Vulnerable Prisoners, Rebecca Milner, National Clinical Lead, Extended Sex Offender Treatment Programme. Chapter 13. Consent to Treatment, the Mental Health Act, and the Mental Capacity Act, Simon Wilson and Raj Dhar, Consultant Forensic Psychiatrist, Oxleas NHS Foundation Trust. Chapter 14. Hunger Strike and Food Refusal, Danny Sullivan, Assistant Clinical Director, Victorian Institute of Forensic Mental Health, Melbourne, Australia and Crystal Romilly, Consultant Forensic Psychiatrist, South West London & George's NHS Trust (HMP Wandsworth and Shaftesbury Clinic Medium Secure Unit). Chapter 15. Psychiatric Reports, Huw Stone, Deputy Medical Director, Adult Mental Health Directorate of Hampshire Partnership Trust. Chapter 16. The Lifer System in England and Wales, Natalie Pyszora, Consultant Forensic Psychiatrist, Broadmoor Hospital. Chapter 17. Psychology in Prisons, Graham Towl, Principal of St Cuthbert's Society, Durham University. Chapter 18. Prison Therapeutic Regimes, Mark Morris, Partnerships in Care, Kneesworth House Personality Disorder Service. Chapter 19. Death in Custody, Andrew Forrester, Consultant in Forensic Psychiatry, South London & Maudsley NHS Trust Foundation, HMP Brixton. Chapter 20. Prisons Inspection, Tish Laing-Morton, Clinical Director of Health Forecasting, The Met Office. Chapter 21. International Perspectives I - An Overview of US Correctional Mental Health, Charles Scott, Chief, Division of Psychiatry and the Law and Professor of Clinical Psychiatry, University of California, Davis and Barbara McDermott, Professor of Clinical Psychiatry, University of California, Davis School of Medicine. Chapter 22. International Perspectives II - Delivery of Mental Health Services in New Zealand Prisons: Context and Approach, Ceri Evans, Clinical Director, Canterbury Regional Forensic Service and Clinical Senior Lecturer, Christchurch School of Medicine and Health Services, University of Otago, New Zealand and Phil Brinded, Associate Professor of Forensic Psychiatry, Christchurch School of Medicine and Health Sciences, University of Otago, New Zealand. Chapter 23. Inside-Out: Ethical Dilemmas in Prison Psychiatry, Gwen Adshead. Chapter 24. Prison Language as an Organisational Define Against Anxiety, Gabrielle Brown, Psychodynamic Therapist, Westminster Pastoral Foundation, London and Julian Walker, Consultant Forensic Clinical Psychologist, Fromeside Medium Secure Unit, Bristol and Honorary Research Fellow, Department of Psychiatry, University of Bristol. References. Legal Cases. Index.

The Authors
Simon Wilson
Simon Wilson is Consultant Forensic Psychiatrist at Oxleas NHS Foundation Trust and Honorary Senior Lecturer in Forensic Psychology at the Institute of Psychiatry in London. He was formerly a consultant forensic psychologist at the South London and Maudsley NHS Foundation Trust and at HM Prison Brixton. He is also Associate Editor of the Journal of Forensic Psychiatry and Psychology.
Ian Cumming
Ian Cumming is Consultant Psychiatrist at HM Prison Belmarsh.

What Have I Done?
A Victim Empathy Programme For Young People
Edition: 1st
Format: Paperback with DVD
Author: Peter Wallis
With Clair Aldington and Marian Liebmann
Illustrated by Emily Wallis
ISBN: 978-1-84310-979-2
Publishers: Jessica Kingsley
Price: £29.99
Publication Date: 2009
Publisher's Title Information

Victim awareness and the needs of victims of crime are a major societal concern. What Have I Done? is a photocopiable resource and DVD to encourage empathy in young people who commit crimes or hurt others through their actions. It is designed to be used directly with young people who have committed a specific crime or caused harm and distress to others through their actions, and challenges the young person to face the harm they have caused and consider what they can do to help put things right.
The course is flexible and interactive, and can be used on an individual basis or with small groups, and is suitable for young people with limited literacy. The exercises are challenging, and aim to be engaging through the use of creative arts, film, role-play and discussion. Clear guidance is provided for the course leader, and evaluation is built into the course, including a psychometric test. A DVD to help stimulate discussion is also included.
What Have I Done? will be ideal for victim empathy work in Youth Offending Teams and Young Offender Institutions, and can equally be used in schools, children's homes, youth groups and any context with young people. The programme is measurable, featuring pre- and post-programme empathy scales, and is suitable for young offenders subject to a youth rehabilitation order.

Section I: Theoretical and Practical Background. Who is this workbook for? What is victim empathy? Victim empathy and reparation. Victim empathy and the restorative process. Restorative principles and values. Terminology. Notes for facilitators. Assessment for suitability. Groupwork. Course structure. Homework. Example timetables, structures and timings. Section II: Getting Started. Pre and Post Victim Empathy Scales. Expectations: What I need to work well. Section III: The Modules. Module 1: Thinking about what I did. Module 2: Thinking about the person I hurt. Module 3: Thinking about who else I affected. Module 4: My chance to put things right. Template 1: Values Coin. Template 2: Feelings Faces. Template 3: Thought and Feelings Bubbles. Template 4: Human Figure. Template 5: Anger Cards. Evaluation questionnaire. Pre and post victim empathy scales
DVD: Module 1 - Thinking about what I did. Module 2 - Thinking about the person I hurt. Module 3 - Thinking about who else I affected. Module 4 - My chance to put things right.

The Authors
Pete Wallis is Senior Practitioner (Restorative Justice) for Oxfordshire Youth Offending Service, UK and co-author of The Pocket Guide to Restorative Justice with Barbara Tudor, published by Jessica Kingsley Publishers.
Clair Aldington is a Visual Arts Development Officer for Shetland Arts and a practising artist.
Marian Liebmann is a freelance Restorative Justice Trainer and Consultant and has written and edited ten books, including Mediation in Context and Restorative Justice: How It Works, both published by Jessica Kingsley Publishers.

Substance Misuse
The Implications of Research, Policy and Practice
Edition: 1st
Format: Paperback
Author: Edited by Joy Barlow
ISBN: 978-1-84310-696-8
Publishers: Jessica Kingsley
Price: £22.99 $36.95
Publication Date: 2009
Publisher's Title Information

Substance misuse and its pervasive problems is a constant challenge for social work, health and related professionals today. With heightened political and policy emphasis on all aspects of substance misuse, it is paramount that professionals remain up-to-date on current issues and their responsibilities. Based on research and evidence, this book provides a sound basis for grounded and innovative practice.
Leading international contributors outline holistic and specialist approaches to policy and practice, and highlight the shift in emphasis from immediate risk minimisation to long-term recovery, the importance of prevention and the pivotal role of workforce development. Issues surrounding work with children and families affected by substance misuse are explored, and ways of implementing new approaches revealed. The book also looks at the impact of the smoking ban in Scotland, and suggests ways to support tobacco use cessation.
This book is essential reading for all front-line practitioners working with substance misusers, including social work, health professionals and counsellors.

Introduction. Joy Barlow MBE, University of Glasgow, UK. Part One The History of Drug and Alcohol Policy. 1. How We Got to Where We Are Now. Charlie Lloyd, University of York, UK. Part Two Alcohol and Tobacco. 2. Is Alcohol Different? Alcohol: Attitudes, Beliefs and Practice. Jack Law, Alcohol Focus Scotland, UK. The Importance of Partnerships in Alcohol Policy and Regulation. Gerard Vaughan and Megan Larken, both of the Alcohol Advisory Council of New Zealand, New Zealand. 3. Fresh Air? Second-Hand Smoke. Sally Haw, Scottish Collaboration for Public Health Research and Policy, UK. Second Chance Learning: A Community-Development Approach to Smoking Cessation. Margaret Black, NHS Greater Glasgow and Clyde, UK, Anne Bryce, NHS Greater Glasgow and Clyde, UK and Linda McKie, Glasgow Caledonian University, UK. Part Three Treatment and Recovery, and the Wider Impacts of Substance Misuse. 4. Treatment and Recovery. Anything New Under the Sun? Brian A. Kidd, University of Dundee, UK. Does Drug Treatment in Scotland Work? Neil McKeganey, University of Glasgow, UK. 5. The Role of Employment in Recovery from Problem Drug Use. Joanne Neale, Oxford Brookes University, UK and Peter A. Kemp, University of Oxford, UK. Employment Projects: Examples in Practice. Bernadette Monaghan, Apex Scotland, UK. 6. Children Affected by Parental Drug and Alcohol Misuse. Hidden Harm: Working with Serious Parental Drug Misuse. Donald Forrester, University of Bedfordshire, UK. The Role of Training in Changing the Lives of Children Affected by Parental Substance Misuse. Joyce Nicholson, STRADA, UK. 7. We Are Family. The Role of Families. Vivienne Evans OBE, Adfam, UK. Making Family a Part of the Treatment. Maurizio Coletti, Itaca Europe, Italy. 8. Drugs and Crime. Toby Seddon, University of Manchester, UK. Part Four Prevention. 9. Redefining Drug Prevention. Harry Sumnall and Lisa Jones, both of Liverpool John Moores University, UK. 10. Children, Young People and Prevention. Richard Ives, educari, UK. 11. The Impact of Social Exclusion and Poverty on Education and Prevention. Diverse Communities - Diverse Needs: Delivering Information on Drugs and Drug Services to Members of Black and Minority Ethnic Communities. Jane Fountain, University of Central Lancashire, UK. Wider Prevention: Poverty and Social Exclusion. James Egan, East Glasgow Community Health and Care Partnership, UK. Part Five Integrated Services and Workforce Development. 12. Integrated Services. Neil Hunter, Glasgow Addiction Services, UK. 13. Messages for the Workforce. Joy Barlow MBE. The Editor. The Contributors. Subject Index. Author Index.


This is a well edited and organised collection of papers from a number of well known authors within the field of substance misuse. The editor, Joy Barlow is head of STRADA (Scottish Training on Drugs and Alcohol) and many of the papers draw the bulk of their evidence from research carried out within Scotland. This tends to give the whole book somewhat of a Scottish slant but, having said that, the book serves as a valuable and scholarly resource for all those working in the field of substance abuse in the UK and indeed beyond. It is refreshing to see both alcohol and tobacco included in a book devoted to substance misuse, whilst at the same time addressing the point that, in some respects, the use of two legal but controlled substances is different from the use of those that are illegal.
The book is organised into five parts. Thirteen papers from different authors are spread across the five parts, with the papers within each part touching on a common theme.
Part 1: The History of Drug and Alcohol Policy
Part 2: Alcohol and Tobacco
Part 3: Treatment and Recovery, and the Wider Impacts of Substance Misuse
Part 4: Prevention
Part 5: Integrated Services and Workforce Development
It is not within the scope of this short review to provide a detailed account of each of the papers contained within the five parts of this book. Rather this reviewer will attempt to provide a flavour of each part and then to provide an overview of the book as a whole.
Part one:
This part contains only one paper which sets out to describe the historical development of government policy in response to the consumption of both legal and illegal drugs. It is clearly written and well organised and, as such, is highly readable. The approach of the author is that to fully understand where we are now in terms of policy, we need to know where we have come from and the various steps along the way.
Part two:
This part of the book is devoted to alcohol and asks the question “Is alcohol different? I have been involved in substance misuse education for many years, covering both legal and illegal drugs, and found this section to be extremely interesting and informative. I have come across practitioners, and indeed authors, who would want to make no differentiation between legal and illegal substances of abuse and I have always been uncomfortable with such a simplistic approach. The papers in this part and in Part three take, in my view, a far more balanced approach to the issue.
I found the paper on 'second-hand smoke' highly informative. It looks at the development of laws and policies to prohibit smoking within enclosed spaces and the health benefits that have flowed from such control. The second paper on tobacco looks at different approaches to promoting and supporting smoking cessation, in particular within less affluent communities.
Part three:
This is by far the largest part of the book and contains nine papers. These papers cover four basic themes: the treatment of illegal drug misuse, the relationship between employment and drug misuse, the effects of drug misuse on the families of the misuser and finally the links between drug use and criminal behaviour. It is this last paper by Toby Seddon that I want to comment upon. This short paper takes a concise but comprehensive look at the complex links that exist between drugs and crime. The establishment of a correlation between drug use and acquisitive crime is fairly straightforward, but finding a causal link between the two is not possible without due consideration being given to the complex environmental and social issues that surround the drug user.
Part four:
One point that emerges from the papers within this part is that drug education, as practised in the UK, appears to have very little effect on both the number of young people who experiment with illegal drugs, and the age at which first use occurs. In response to this point, the differing styles of drug education are detailed and discussed. For anyone involved in providing or organising drug prevention education, for either children or adults, this part of the book will be particularly useful and informative.
Part five:
This part of the book contains just two papers and looks at the provision of drug services and those who work within those services. It promotes an integrated approach to drug matters and provides some guidance to those providing professional training to drug workers.
I found this a scholarly, well referenced and highly readable book. It will prove of value to all those working, in whatever capacity, within the substance misuse field.

David Emmett